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Children Exposed to Violence

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  • Resources (39)
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  • FAQs (4)
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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2018 Youth Victimization Statistical Fact Sheet (2018) OVC
This fact sheet provides a snapshot of youth victimization trends in the United States. Use this and other fact sheets from the 2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Resource Guide (www.ovc.gov/ncvrw2018) to promote awareness about different types of crime, as graphics for your social media, and to inform other education efforts throughout the year.
PDF
 
ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (January 2018) OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 45 pages, NCJ 251026.
When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017) OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250945.
This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945.
Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518.
The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents: Breaking Down the Silos of Victimization Research (March 2017) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251353.
This study seeks to identify lifetime polyvictimization rates by gender identity and sexual orientation, for a national sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents. Findings suggest large rates of some forms of physical assault, bullying victimization, sexual victimization, child maltreatment, property victimization and indirect forms of victimization, which call into question the practice of studying single forms of victimization for this population, as the results suggest they do not occur in isolation.
Abstract | PDF
 
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017) OJJDP-Sponsored, Report, 68 pages, NCJ 250768.
This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547.
This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500.
The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

More FAQs

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


No funding records found relevant to this topic.

More Funding Opportunities

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2018 Youth Victimization Statistical Fact Sheet (2018) OVC This fact sheet provides a snapshot of youth victimization trends in the United States. Use this and other fact sheets from the 2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Resource Guide (www.ovc.gov/ncvrw2018) to promote awareness about different types of crime, as graphics for your social media, and to inform other education efforts throughout the year.
PDF
 
ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (January 2018) OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 45 pages, NCJ 251026. When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017) OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250945. This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945. Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518. The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents: Breaking Down the Silos of Victimization Research (March 2017) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251353. This study seeks to identify lifetime polyvictimization rates by gender identity and sexual orientation, for a national sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents. Findings suggest large rates of some forms of physical assault, bullying victimization, sexual victimization, child maltreatment, property victimization and indirect forms of victimization, which call into question the practice of studying single forms of victimization for this population, as the results suggest they do not occur in isolation.
Abstract | PDF
 
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017) OJJDP-Sponsored, Report, 68 pages, NCJ 250768. This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547. This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500. The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555. This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): Medical Home for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Violence
Developed through a grant from OVC, this section of the AAP Web site provides pediatricians and all medical home teams with the resources they need to modify practice operations to more effectively identify, treat, and refer children and youth who have been exposed to or victimized by violence.
 
ChildVictimWeb
ChildVictimWeb is a free online training resource designed for professionals from all disciplines who work with children who have experienced or witnessed serious violence. This course describes the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of victimization often experienced in childhood, their psychological, behavioral, social, and health consequences, and implications for practice. Assessment strategies, an evidence-based approach to treatment planning, trauma-informed case management skills, and information about evidence supported treatments are presented.
 
National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI): Safeguarding Child-Victims' Rights Initiative
With funding from OVC, this NCVLI Program works to ensure that the rights of child-victims through education & training, litigation, and public policy.
 
VictimConnect Resource Center - Confidential referrals for crime victims
VictimConnect serves victims of any crime in the United States. Trained specialists are available to help you locate referrals for mental health counseling, financial compensation, legal services, civil justice options, support groups, crime reporting, identity theft recovery and more.
 

Federal Resources

Administration for Children and Families
ACF promotes the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Through its Children's Bureau, ACF assists states in the delivery of child welfare services. Its Web site presents related initiatives, statistics, ACF programs, funding, and information systems.
 
Childstats.gov
This website offers easy access to statistics and reports on children and families, including: family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education and health. The Forum fosters coordination, collaboration, and integration of Federal efforts to collect and report data on conditions and trends for children and families.
 
CrimeSolutions.gov
CrimeSolutions.gov is a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics, including victim assistance programs; corrections; courts; crime prevention; substance abuse; juveniles; law enforcement; and technology and forensics. The site is a tool to understand, access and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Violent Crimes Against Children
This FBI program's mission is to: decrease the vulnerability of children to sexual exploitation; develop a nationwide capacity to provide a rapid, effective, and measured investigative response to crimes against children; and enhance the capabilities of state and local law enforcement investigators through programs, investigative assistance, and task force operations. The program's strategy involves using multi-disciplinary and multi-agency teams to investigate and prosecute crimes that cross legal, geographical, and jurisdictional boundaries; promoting and enhancing interagency sharing of intelligence, specialized skills, and services; and widely offering our victim/witness services.
 
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ): Defending Childhood
Defending Childhood is an initiative of Attorney General Eric Holder that strives to harness resources from across the Department of Justice to: prevent children's exposure to violence, mitigate the negative impact of children's exposure to violence when it does occur, and develop knowledge and spread awareness about children's exposure to violence.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

American Bar Association (ABA): Center on Children and the Law
The Center works to improve children's lives through advances in law, justice, knowledge, practice and public policy.
 
National Child Welfare Resource Center for Tribes
The National Child Welfare Resource Center for Tribes (NRC4Tribes) is one of the new resource centers within the Children's Bureau Training and Technical Assistance National Network. NRC4Tribes joins the Children's Bureau's Child Welfare Training and Technical Assistance Network which is designed to improve child welfare systems and to support States and Tribes in achieving sustainable, systemic change that results in greater safety, permanency, and well-being for children, youth, and families.
 
National Immigrant Women's Advocacy Project (NIWAP)
NIWAP is a national provider of training, legal and social science research, policy development, and technical assistance to providers and allied professionals who work with immigrant women, children and crime victims. NIWAP hosts a library which contains numerous resources on the legal rights of immigrant victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, trafficking, and other crimes.
 
National Runaway Safeline
The mission of the National Runaway Safeline is to help keep America's runaway, homeless and at-risk youth safe and off the streets.
 
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): Safe Start
The Children Exposed to Violence (CEV) Database section of the Safe Start Center Web site highlights programs evaluated on the Department of Justice's CrimeSolutions.gov Web site. The database uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in services for children exposed to violence.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims


FAQs

What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

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Funding

No funding records found relevant to this topic.

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Online Directory of Crime Victims Services.