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Children Exposed to Violence

  • Publications (34)
  • Resources (39)
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  • FAQs (4)
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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (2017) OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 48 pages, NCJ 251026.
When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017) OVC, Fact Sheet, 2 pages, NCJ 250945.
This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945.
Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518.
The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016) OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389.
This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents: Breaking Down the Silos of Victimization Research (March 2017) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251353.
This study seeks to identify lifetime polyvictimization rates by gender identity and sexual orientation, for a national sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents. Findings suggest large rates of some forms of physical assault, bullying victimization, sexual victimization, child maltreatment, property victimization and indirect forms of victimization, which call into question the practice of studying single forms of victimization for this population, as the results suggest they do not occur in isolation.
Abstract | PDF
 
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017) OJJDP-Sponsored, Electronic Document, 68 pages, NCJ 250768.
This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547.
This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500.
The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

More FAQs

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


No funding records found relevant to this topic.

More Funding Opportunities

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (2017) OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 48 pages, NCJ 251026. When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017) OVC, Fact Sheet, 2 pages, NCJ 250945. This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945. Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518. The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016) OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389. This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Polyvictimization Prevalence Rates for Sexual and Gender Minority Adolescents: Breaking Down the Silos of Victimization Research (March 2017) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251353. This study seeks to identify lifetime polyvictimization rates by gender identity and sexual orientation, for a national sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents. Findings suggest large rates of some forms of physical assault, bullying victimization, sexual victimization, child maltreatment, property victimization and indirect forms of victimization, which call into question the practice of studying single forms of victimization for this population, as the results suggest they do not occur in isolation.
Abstract | PDF
 
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017) OJJDP-Sponsored, Electronic Document, 68 pages, NCJ 250768. This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547. This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500. The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555. This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): Medical Home for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Violence
Developed through a grant from OVC, this section of the AAP Web site provides pediatricians and all medical home teams with the resources they need to modify practice operations to more effectively identify, treat, and refer children and youth who have been exposed to or victimized by violence.
 
ChildVictimWeb
ChildVictimWeb is a free online training resource designed for professionals from all disciplines who work with children who have experienced or witnessed serious violence. This course describes the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of victimization often experienced in childhood, their psychological, behavioral, social, and health consequences, and implications for practice. Assessment strategies, an evidence-based approach to treatment planning, trauma-informed case management skills, and information about evidence supported treatments are presented.
 
National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI): Safeguarding Child-Victims' Rights Initiative
With funding from OVC, this NCVLI Program works to ensure that the rights of child-victims through education & training, litigation, and public policy.
 

Federal Resources

Administration for Children and Families
ACF promotes the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Through its Children's Bureau, ACF assists states in the delivery of child welfare services. Its Web site presents related initiatives, statistics, ACF programs, funding, and information systems.
 
Child Welfare Information Gateway
A service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Child Welfare Information Gateway promotes the safety, permanency, and well-being of children and families by connecting child welfare, adoption and related professionals as well as the general public to timely, essential information.
 
Childstats.gov
This website offers easy access to statistics and reports on children and families, including: family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education and health. The Forum fosters coordination, collaboration, and integration of Federal efforts to collect and report data on conditions and trends for children and families.
 
National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP)
NREPP is a searchable online registry of more than hundreds of interventions supporting mental health promotion, substance abuse prevention, and mental health and substance abuse treatment.
 
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): National Center for Trauma-Informed Care
SAMHSA's National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) is a technical assistance center dedicated to building awareness of trauma-informed care and promoting the implementation of trauma-informed practices in programs and services.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

Changing Minds
This national campaign seeks to raise awareness, teach skills, and inspire public action to address children's exposure to violence and trauma. The multiyear campaign, established through the U.S. Department of Justice's Defending Childhood Initiative, will engage teachers, coaches, counselors, doctors, nurses, law enforcement officers, and other professionals and caregivers on proven ways to help heal the damage of childhood trauma.
 
FRIENDS, National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention
FRIENDS provides services to the community-based child abuse prevention community through targeted training and technical assistance efforts.
 
Greenbook Initiative
The Greenbook Initiative helps child welfare workers, domestic violence advocates and family court judges in communities across the country change their approach to family violence to better help battered women and their children achieve safety.
 
National Children's Advocacy Center (NCAC)
NCAC models, promotes, and delivers excellence in child abuse response and prevention through service, education, and leadership.
 
Native American Children's Alliance (NACA)
NACA is an inter-tribal membership organization whose mission is to promote excellence in child abuse prevention and intervention in Native American and Alaska Native communities through training, mentoring and information.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims


FAQs

What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

Back to Top


Funding

No funding records found relevant to this topic.

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National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
Upcoming Event(s)

Online Directory of Crime Victims Services.