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Probation, Corrections, and Parole


An Analysis of Risk Factors Contributing to the Recidivism of Sex Offenders on Probation
Identifies static and dynamic factors that predicted success or failure among adult sex offenders while on probation between 1997 and 1999.

Beyond the Prison Gates: The State of Parole in America
Presents a straightforward statistical depiction of the current state of three critical parole functions: the decision to release, the decision to supervise, and the decision to revoke. Using national- and state-level data, the paper describes changes in those functions over time.

Community Corrections Directions
Describes three new technologies to help probation and parole agents better manage their caseloads and detect and deter problem behaviors.

Global Positioning System (GPS) Technology for Community Supervision: Lessons Learned
Identifies the current practices of agencies that have been using GPS in their community supervision programs for various client types and purposes.

Managing Adult Sex Offenders in the Community—A Containment Approach
Presents the results of a national telephone survey that identified how probation and parole agencies manage adult sex offenders and describes a model management process for containing sex offenders who are serving community sentences.

Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide for Probation and Parole
Instructs probation and parole officers and other correctional professionals in the principles of motivational interviewing and describes how to apply these principles in their professional interactions with offenders.

National Institute of Corrections
Provides training, technical assistance, information services, and policy and program development assistance to federal, state, and local corrections agencies. Its Web site includes a comprehensive selection of training materials and an online library search engine.

Parole System Anomie—Conflicting Models of Casework and Surveillance
Reviews the parole system, including prisoner reentry, casework, surveillance, public safety, and parole officer attitudes.

Probation Conditions Versus Probation Officer Directives—Where the Twain Shall Meet
Examines recent trends in case law that address the extent to which probation, parole, and other community-supervision personnel may impose additional or modified conditions of supervision.

Promising Victim-Related Practices and Strategies in Probation and Parole
Addresses ways probation and parole officers can balance the needs of offenders and victims.

Promoting Public Safety Using Effective Interventions With Offenders
Looks at principles of effective intervention and how these principles can be applied to controlling and changing offenders’ behavior.

Resources for Indian Country Jails: Selected Bibliography from the NIC Information Center Collection
Compiles information to assist Indian Country jails in their management of incarcerated offenders and those who will return to either a tribal or non-tribal community.

Training for Tracking
Describes a course offered through the National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center that provides probation and parole officers with the tools and skills necessary to manage and monitor offenders' behavior on the Internet.

The Victim's Role in Offender Reentry: A Community Response Manual
Covers promising practices and strategies that address victims' rights, needs, and concerns when their attackers are released into the community. The handbook begins by addressing strategies for involving community members and victims in reentry partnerships.