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Office for Victims of Crime - Justice for Victims. Justice for All
Justice for Victims. Justice for All
If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911. For more resources, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888-373-7888.


Survivors of human trafficking should be at the center of any response to human trafficking. All victims deserve to feel safe and supported. Quality care, compassionate responses, and essential services are needed to help survivors recover from their victimization. Creating conditions of trust and respect will help victims reclaim their lives and help them move toward self-sufficiency and independence.

Trafficking victims typically need numerous types of emergency and long-term services. These include but are not limited to intensive case management, victim advocacy, housing, food, medical and dental care, mental health treatment, substance abuse treatment, support groups, interpretation/translation services, immigration and other legal assistance, literacy education, and employment and training services.

No one agency can respond to all aspects of the crime of human trafficking and the individualized needs of every victim.  A coordinated, community-wide and multi-disciplinary response is needed.

Everyone has a role! Victims of human trafficking are regularly identified and served by individuals working in child welfare systems, runaway and homeless youth programs, immigrant and refugee service programs, sexual assault programs, and domestic violence shelters. You do not need to be a specialized human trafficking service provider in order to provide good services for victims of human trafficking. However, it is critically important that when you do engage with victims, you should know what resources are available within your community and provide services that are trauma-informed, victim-centered, and tailored to the specific needs of trafficking victims.

In an effort to support collaboration among partners in the response to human trafficking, OVC has compiled the following resources for victim service providers.

Local Resources
Services and Task Forces Map

Connect with resources in your state or local community by—

Depending on their eligibility, trafficking victims may have access to—


Through the OVC Training and Technical Center (OVC TTAC) Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) initiative, OVC helps to build the capacity of the field and improve the response to human trafficking victims. The initiative has three priorities.

Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center Logo
  • Strengthening victim service provider and law enforcement collaboration on behalf of trafficking victims.
  • Supporting integration of human trafficking expertise into the knowledge base of traditional victim service providers and other allied professionals such as those working with homeless and runaway youth and in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems.
  • Building the capacity of OVC grantees to serve all victims of human trafficking.

Reach out to and ask for information on how to get the training you need to combat human trafficking in your community. For more information on how OVC TTAC can support your efforts, visit the following pages of the OVC TTAC website.

Victim Assistance Training Online

Victim Assistance training Online logoVictim Assistance Training Online is a Web-based victim assistance training program offering victim service providers and allied professionals the opportunity to acquire the essential skills and knowledge to more effectively assist victims of crime.

National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events

Locate additional training opportunities by conducting a search of the OVC National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events. The OVC Calendar was created to help victims, victim service providers, allied professionals, and other interested individuals plan, promote, and locate events of interest to the victim services community.

Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center

Human Trafficking Capacity Building CenterThe Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center (the Center) strengthens human trafficking victim service delivery in the U.S. by providing strategically focused, capability building coaching to maximize a community’s potential to effectively serve victims of all forms of human trafficking.

The Center is a coaching and development hub assisting organizations and tribes with—

  1. building their capacity to aid victims of all forms of human trafficking,
  2. navigating the broad range of resources available to support their missions, and
  3. strengthening human trafficking service networks.

For more information about the Center, please contact OVC Deputy Director Katherine
Darke Schmitt at 202–616–7373.


The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) (Pub. L. 106-386) (as amended) authorizes federal funding dedicated to trafficking victim services. The funds are administered by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). These funds support nonprofit organizations that provide comprehensive services for survivors of human trafficking, including food, housing, medical and mental health care, job skills training, education, legal services, case management, and more.

The HHS Office for Refugee Resettlement (ORR) administers funds for foreign national victims and the HHS Administration on Children, Youth, and Families administers funds for U.S. citizens and legal permanent records. The DOJ funds are administered by OVC and are available to both foreign national and U.S. citizen victims.

OVC Human Trafficking Funding

In 2003, OVC began funding the OVC Services for Victims of Human Trafficking Program. The primary goal of this program is to enhance the quality and quantity of services available to assist victims of human trafficking, as defined by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000, as amended. To meet this goal, the program encourages interagency collaboration, a coordinated community response to victims of human trafficking, and the provision of high-quality services that address the individual needs of trafficking victims. This program provides funding to victim service organizations with a demonstrated history of providing services for victims of human trafficking. Funding under this program currently supports the following two program areas.

  1. Comprehensive services for all victims of human trafficking.
  2. Specialized services for victims of human trafficking.

While most of the funding under both of these program areas is dedicated to the provision of direct services, a portion of the funding is used to support efforts to increase the capacity of communities to respond to human trafficking victims by developing interagency partnerships, conducting training, and by promoting public awareness activities.

Since 2004, OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) have partnered to support the creation of multidisciplinary Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces. In 2010, OVC and BJA began funding Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force sites, which take a comprehensive approach to combating all forms of trafficking. This program supports two partners from each task force location.

  • One state, local, or tribal law enforcement agency.
  • One victim service provider.

The BJA award supports law enforcement agencies’ efforts to coordinate the goals, objectives, and activities of the entire Task Force in close collaboration with the local U.S. Attorney’s Office and the victim service provider partner. The OVC award supports a victim service provider to coordinate the provision of a comprehensive array of culturally and linguistically appropriate services to all trafficking victims identified within the geographic area impacted by the Task Force.

Related Funding

There are other sources of funding for services for crime victims, including victims of human trafficking.

  • Victim Assistance Programs. All states and U.S. territories receive Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) funds from OVC to help support local victim assistance programs. VOCA formula grants for crime victim assistance—awarded through subgrants to state agencies and local service providers—support direct services to crime victims. Through the VOCA Assistance Formula Grant Program, OVC supports some 4,000 victim assistance programs each year throughout the United States and its territories. For information on grants for eligible programs through the state’s victim assistance program, access OVC’s map of state programs, click the state, and then click "VOCA State Contacts" tab to find the state’s programs.

  • Victim Compensation Programs. Each state and territory receives VOCA funds to reimburse crime victims for the cost of medical services, mental health counseling, lost wages, and other expenses incurred as a result of the crime. Victim compensation benefits are governed by state statutes, so eligibility may vary among states. Contact the compensation program located in the state where the crime occurred for more information for eligibility and the application process. To find the victim compensation program, access OVC’s map of state programs, click the state in which the crime occurred, and then click "VOCA State Contacts" to find the state’s programs.

  • Violence Against Women Act Funding. VAWA funds support programs for victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, stalking, and human trafficking.

  • HHS Office for Refugee Resettlement (ORR) Funding. Through the National Human Trafficking Victim Assistance Program, ORR provides funding for comprehensive case management services on a per capita basis to foreign national victims of trafficking and potential victims seeking HHS Certification in locations throughout the United States.

  • Runaway and Homeless Youth Program. Through the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, the Family and Youth Services Bureau, Administration of Children & Families, supports street outreach, emergency shelters, and longer-term transitional living and maternity group home programs to serve and protect these young people.