Research indicates that the majority of law enforcement agencies in the United States has encountered some form of human trafficking or has been in contact with victims through routine work and investigations into other crimes.
Due to the complex nature of the crime, perpetrators often operate unnoticed, and those who suffer are not likely to self-identify as victims of the crime of human trafficking. Many times, victims are misidentified and treated as criminals.
Discovery of this crime is therefore difficult because victims rarely self-report and the time and resources required to uncover the violations can be significant.
Human trafficking is a low-risk, high-profit industry for the trafficker. Human trafficking is believed to be one of the fastest-growing illicit industries in the world. However, as practitioners are better trained and the general public becomes more aware of the problem, the equation of low risk has started to shift. The riskier the crime becomes, the less incentive exists for perpetrators to commit the crime.
Human trafficking can involve other crimes including gang crime, drug and property crimes, organized criminal operations, and other violations of state, federal, and international law.
Read About Human Trafficking and use these resources to build your law enforcement agency’s capacity.
Human trafficking Task Forces are multidisciplinary teams providing the broadest range of services and resources for victims and the most diverse range of investigation and prosecution options when responding to perpetrators. Local law enforcement agencies and victim service organizations partner with federal and state investigative, enforcement, and regulatory agencies in pursuit of the most comprehensive response to the crime of human trafficking.
OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) have provided funding to support Human Trafficking Task Forces since 2004.
Through the OVC Training and Technical Center (OVC TTAC) Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) initiative, OVC helps to build the capacity of the victim services field and improve its response to human trafficking victims. The initiative has three priorities.
Reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org and ask for information on how to get the training you need to combat human trafficking in your community. For more information on how OVC TTAC can support your efforts, visit the following pages of the OVC TTAC website.
Victim Assistance Training Online
Victim Assistance Training Online is a Web-based victim assistance training program offering victim service providers and allied professionals the opportunity to acquire the essential skills and knowledge to more effectively assist victims of crime.
National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
Locate additional training opportunities by searching the OVC National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events. The OVC Calendar was created to help victims, victim service providers, allied professionals, and other interested individuals plan, promote, and locate events of interest to the victim service community in their area.
Upper Midwest Community Policing Institute
Through funding from OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance National Training and Technical Assistance Center, Upper Midwest Community Policing Institute (UMCPI) offers the following human trafficking trainings to law enforcement agencies.
Visit the UMCPI website for more information about current and upcoming courses.
Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit
The Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit, Civil Rights Division in the Criminal Section, U.S. Department of Justice, provides training and technical assistance for Federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, as well as victim/witness service provision for human trafficking victims trainings for non-governmental organizations. Contact email@example.com for more information.
Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center (the Center) strengthens human trafficking victim service delivery in the U.S. by providing strategically focused, capability building coaching to maximize a community’s potential to effectively serve victims of all forms of human trafficking.
The Center is a coaching and development hub assisting organizations and tribes with—
For more information about the Center, please contact OVC Deputy Director Katherine
Darke Schmitt at 202–616–7373.
Since 2004, OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) have partnered to support the creation of multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task forces. In 2010, OVC and BJA began funding Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force sites, which take a comprehensive approach to combating all forms of trafficking. This program supports two partners from each task force location.
The BJA award supports law enforcement agencies’ efforts to coordinate the goals, objectives, and activities of the entire task force in close collaboration with the local U.S. Attorney’s Office and the victim service provider partner. The OVC award supports a victim service organization to coordinate the provision of a comprehensive array of culturally and linguistically appropriate services to all trafficking victims identified within the geographic area impacted by the task force.
For more information about available BJA funding, visit the Funding section of the BJA website.