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Office for Victims of Crime - Justice for Victims. Justice for All
Justice for Victims. Justice for All
If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911. For more resources, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888-373-7888.


Research indicates that the majority of law enforcement agencies in the United States has encountered some form of human trafficking or has been in contact with victims through routine work and investigations into other crimes.

Due to the complex nature of the crime, perpetrators often operate unnoticed, and those who suffer are not likely to self-identify as victims of the crime of human trafficking. Many times, victims are misidentified and treated as criminals.

Discovery of this crime is therefore difficult because victims rarely self-report and the time and resources required to uncover the violations can be significant.

Human trafficking is a low-risk, high-profit industry for the trafficker. Human trafficking is believed to be one of the fastest-growing illicit industries in the world. However, as practitioners are better trained and the general public becomes more aware of the problem, the equation of low risk has started to shift. The riskier the crime becomes, the less incentive exists for perpetrators to commit the crime.

Human trafficking can involve other crimes including gang crime, drug and property crimes, organized criminal operations, and other violations of state, federal, and international law.

Read About Human Trafficking and use these resources to build your law enforcement agency’s capacity.

  • Report suspected human trafficking activity to federal law enforcement at the numbers below or reach out to these agencies for assistance, resources, and technical assistance.
    • Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI): Submit an FBI Tip online or call your local FBI field office.
    • U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI): Call 866-347-2423 (toll free) or report online.
  • Services and Task Forces Map
  • Search the services and task forces map to find an OVC-funded service provider for victim referrals, or an OVC/Bureau of Justice Assistance-funded Task Force in your area to work collaboratively on an investigation.
  • For additional referrals, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline, a multilingual, toll-free, 24-hour anti-trafficking hotline, at 888-373-7888.
Human Trafficking Task Forces

Human trafficking Task Forces are multidisciplinary teams providing the broadest range of services and resources for victims and the most diverse range of investigation and prosecution options when responding to perpetrators. Local law enforcement agencies and victim service organizations partner with federal and state investigative, enforcement, and regulatory agencies in pursuit of the most comprehensive response to the crime of human trafficking.

OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) have provided funding to support Human Trafficking Task Forces since 2004.

Related Task Forces

  • The Federal Bureau of Investigation, in conjunction with the Department of Justice Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section and the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children, address the growing problem of sex trafficking of children in the United States through more than 70 dedicated Innocence Lost Task Forces throughout the United States that involve federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies working in tandem with U.S. Attorneys’ Offices.

  • The Internet Crimes Against Children program helps state and local law enforcement agencies develop an effective response to cyber-enticement and child pornography cases. This national network of 61 coordinated task forces—representing over 2,000 federal, state, and local law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies—engage in proactive investigations, forensic investigations, and criminal prosecutions.

OVC Training and Technical Assistance Center

Through the OVC Training and Technical Center (OVC TTAC) Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance (TTA) initiative, OVC helps to build the capacity of the victim services field and improve its response to human trafficking victims. The initiative has three priorities.

Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center Logo
  • Strengthening victim service provider and law enforcement collaborations on behalf of trafficking victims.
  • Supporting integration of human trafficking expertise into the knowledge base of traditional victim service providers and other allied professionals such as those working with homeless and runaway youth and in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems.
  • Expanding the capacity of OVC grantees to serve all victims of human trafficking.

Reach out to and ask for information on how to get the training you need to combat human trafficking in your community. For more information on how OVC TTAC can support your efforts, visit the following pages of the OVC TTAC website.

Victim Assistance Training Online

Victim Assistance training Online logoVictim Assistance Training Online is a Web-based victim assistance training program offering victim service providers and allied professionals the opportunity to acquire the essential skills and knowledge to more effectively assist victims of crime.

Related Trainings

National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events

Locate additional training opportunities by searching the OVC National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events. The OVC Calendar was created to help victims, victim service providers, allied professionals, and other interested individuals plan, promote, and locate events of interest to the victim service community in their area.

Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit

The Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit, Civil Rights Division in the Criminal Section, U.S. Department of Justice, provides training and technical assistance for Federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, as well as victim/witness service provision for human trafficking victims trainings for non-governmental organizations. Contact for more information.

Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center

Human Trafficking Capacity Building CenterThe Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Human Trafficking Capacity Building Center (the Center) strengthens human trafficking victim service delivery in the U.S. by providing strategically focused, capability building coaching to maximize a community’s potential to effectively serve victims of all forms of human trafficking.

The Center is a coaching and development hub assisting organizations and tribes with—

  1. building their capacity to aid victims of all forms of human trafficking,
  2. navigating the broad range of resources available to support their missions, and
  3. strengthening human trafficking service networks.

For more information about the Center, please contact OVC Deputy Director Katherine
Darke Schmitt at 202–616–7373.


Since 2004, OVC and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) have partnered to support the creation of multidisciplinary anti-human trafficking task forces. In 2010, OVC and BJA began funding Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force sites, which take a comprehensive approach to combating all forms of trafficking. This program supports two partners from each task force location.

  • One from a state, local, or tribal law enforcement agency.
  • One from a victim service provider.

The BJA award supports law enforcement agencies’ efforts to coordinate the goals, objectives, and activities of the entire task force in close collaboration with the local U.S. Attorney’s Office and the victim service provider partner. The OVC award supports a victim service organization to coordinate the provision of a comprehensive array of culturally and linguistically appropriate services to all trafficking victims identified within the geographic area impacted by the task force.

For more information about available BJA funding, visit the Funding section of the BJA website.