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Publications: Providers/Community Leaders

226 Publication(s) found.
  • OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications (128)
  • OJP Publications (98)
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Research Brief: Homicide Co-Victimization (July 2018)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 4 pages, NCJ 251953.
This fact sheet provides a comprehensive review of research and practice on homicide co-victimization. This research brief describes how the evidence base for homicide co-victimization is growing, while highlighting key areas where further research is needed.
PDF
It's Not an "Accident": It's a Crime! (April 2018)
OVC-Sponsored, 2 pages, NCJ 251642.
All victims of crime should be treated with dignity and respect, including victims of drunk driving crashes. This brochure provides information to law enforcement officers on how to respond to DUI crash victims and the services that may be available to them, including crime victim compensation. This resource was produced by the National Sheriffs' Association with funding support from OVC.
Abstract | PDF
Keys to Collaboration Between Hospital-based Violence Intervention and Cure Violence Programs (2018)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251823.
The Healing Justice Alliance, with funding support from OVC, published this report to help guide communities that are implementing, or are interested in implementing, both hospital-based violence intervention and cure violence programs to address violence impacting young males.
Abstract | PDF
2018 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2018)
OVC, 3 pages, NCJ 251052.
The 2018 NCVRW Resource Guide provides a wealth of materials for promoting public awareness campaigns for NCVRW and throughout the year. The guide includes planning tips, artwork, crime and victimization fact sheets, and more. Help OVC Expand the Circle: Reach All Victims.
Abstract | HTML
2018 School Victimization Statistical Fact Sheet (2018)
OVC
This fact sheet provides a snapshot of current school victimization trends in the United States. Use this and other fact sheets from the 2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Resource Guide (www.ovc.gov/ncvrw2018) to promote awareness about different types of crime, as graphics for your social media, and to inform other education efforts throughout the year.
PDF
DUI Crashes: Real Crimes, Real Victims (October 2017)
OVC-Sponsored, 3 pages, NCJ 250276.
Drunk driving crashes are crimes, not "accidents." One person is killed in an alcohol impaired driving crash every 53 minutes. This roll call video, supported by a grant from the OVC, addresses the need for law enforcement to respond to and interact with DUI crash victims in a victim-centered way, with all the referrals, support, and resources due victims of a violent crime.
Abstract | Video
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250945.
This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Supporting Male Survivors of Violence Initiative (August 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250946.
To help male survivors of violence, OVC partnered with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and National Institute of Justice. This fact sheet describes the Supporting Male Survivors of Violence Initiative efforts to bolster the field’s ability to provide effective, culturally appropriate, and trauma-informed services for boys and men harmed by violence and to expand services that help normalize their lives and promote their healing.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Law Enforcement and the Communities They Serve (June 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250737.
This fact sheet discusses an OVC-sponsored project that is designed to assist law enforcement in developing evidence-based and trauma-informed response strategies in the wake of law enforcement-involved shootings and other high-profile incidents of violence. Additionally, the project will develop and disseminate comprehensive, expert technical assistance resources for law enforcement on trauma-informed culture and practice.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Developing an Elder Abuse Case Review Multidisciplinary Team in Your Community (May 2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 4 pages, NCJ 250736.
This resource facilitates the development and growth of multidisciplinary teams to address elder abuse cases. It also provides information about team structures and functions, along with common issues that arise with developing a case review team.
Abstract | HTML
The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit (April 2017)
OVC, NCJ 250647.
Research shows that vicarious trauma, when left unaddressed, can lead to staff burnout, turnover, stress, and a lesser quality of services for victims. This OVC toolkit offers guidance to help organizations strengthen their ability to address work-related exposure to trauma.
Abstract | HTML
ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 48 pages, NCJ 251026.
When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
The Civil Legal Needs of Victims of Crime in New York State: An Assessment of the Issues, Services, and Challenges in Meeting the Civil Legal Needs of Victims (2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 64 pages, NCJ 251212.
In order to understand how to meet the civil legal needs of crime victims in New York State, this needs and systems assessment seeks to identify existing gaps in civil legal services.
Abstract | PDF
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945.
Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Alcohol-Facilitated Sexual Assault in Indian Country (December 2016)
OVC, OVC Videos, 3 pages, NCJ 250235.
This four-video series is designed for criminal justice personnel, victim advocates, and allied professionals who work with victims of sexual assault in Indian Country. The videos in this series seek to increase awareness about the prevalence of alcohol-facilitated sexual violence, enhance the investigation and prosecution of sexual violence, and provide best practices for responding to victims
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
A Healing Journey for Alaska Natives (October 2016)
OVC, OVC Videos, 4 pages, NCJ 249906.
This five–video series is designed to educate federal, state, local, and tribal victim service providers, criminal justice professionals, and others who work with Alaska Native victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program Development and Operation Guide (August 2016)
OVC, 2 pages, NCJ 250082.
This Guide serves as a blueprint to improve your SANE program and ensure that all sexual assault victims receive the highest standard of patient-centered care.
Abstract | HTML
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016)
OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389.
This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
Faces of Human Trafficking (January 2016)
OVC, 10 pages, NCJ 248754.
This video series and resource guide raise awareness of the seriousness of human trafficking, the many forms it can takes, and the important role that everyone can play in identifying and serving victims. This new multidisciplinary resource includes nine videos with Spanish subtitles; Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in English, Spanish, Thai, Hindi, and Tagalog; a discussion guide; four fact sheets; and four posters designed for service providers and allied professionals, law enforcement, the general public, and victims/survivors.
Abstract | HTML
Post-Conviction Advocacy for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Guide for Attorneys (2016)
OVC-Sponsored, 54 pages, NCJ 250874.
This guide serves as a roadmap for practitioners who will be representing trafficking survivors in post-conviction efforts to clear, vacate, expunge, or seal criminal records. It contains important filing considerations for motion practice, best practices for employing a trauma-informed approach to client interviewing and representation, and other best practices for advocates.
Abstract | PDF
Victim Impact: Listen and Learn Curriculum (2016)
OVC, 312 pages, NCJ 224257.
This OVC-funded curriculum is geared toward helping offenders to become aware of the impact that crime has on victims and then to take responsibility and make amends for their actions. The online-only curriculum consists of 13 units, built around 10 core crime topics: property crime, assault, robbery, hate and bias, gang violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, drunk and impaired driving, and homicide, plus chapters on implementing the program, the victim experience and making amends to victims. Victims and survivors speak about their experiences in the accompanying video clips.
Abstract | PDF (Facilitator Manual, Part 1) | PDF (Facilitator Manual, Part 2) | PDF (Participant Workbook) | HTML
Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources (August 2015)
OVC, NCJ 248647.
This toolkit is designed to help communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. OVC created this product in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Office for Victim Assistance and DOJ's Office of Justice for Victims of Overseas Terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
Circle of Healing for Native Children Endangered by Drugs (December 2014)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 248443.
This seven-video series and companion resource guide feature Native programs and practices that incorporate cultural stories and traditions to help children, families, and communities in Indian Country to heal from substance abuse-related trauma.
Abstract | HTML
Innovative Practices for Victim Services: Report From the Field (December 2014)
OVC, Bulletin, 20 pages, NCJ 248495.
This e-bulletin provides brief descriptions of the innovative practices currently used by VOCA victim assistance and compensation programs throughout the country. This online resource promotes the replication of these practices, which cover six key program areas: needs assessment, systems advocacy and coordination, compensation, underserved populations, victims’ rights and services, and technology.
Abstract | HTML
Eight Benefits of NIBRS to Victim Service Providers (November 2014)
OVC, Bulletin, 0 pages, NCJ 248480.
This e-bulletin describes how victim service providers can use National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)–a system for recording crimes known to the police–to gain a better understanding of specific types of victimization, determine disparities between victims known to law enforcement and those receiving victim services, and identify underserved groups of crime victims. Data presented from the 15 states which currently report to NIBRS can assist victim service providers to identify patterns of crime and victimization that can justify the need for additional resources and guide decisions on optimal resource development.
Abstract | HTML
The Beat: Wrongful Convictions (September 2014)
OVC-Sponsored, 2 pages, NCJ 248555.
In this podcast, Jennifer Thompson, the crime victim from the Ronald Cotton case in North Carolina, who misidentified the perpetrator of her rape; and Meg Morrow, former OVC attorney advisor, discuss the impacts of wrongful convictions on survivors, victims of crime, and law enforcement.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Audio (mp3)
Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations (June 2014)
OVC, Report, 37 pages, NCJ 248527.
This report from the National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative examines federal response to adult and child victims of sexual violence in tribal nations and reports recommendations for improvement.
Abstract | PDF
Responding to Transgender Victims of Sexual Assault (June 2014)
OVC, Electronic Document, 0 pages, NCJ 243903.
Transgender victims of sexual assault, like all crime victims, want and deserve to be respected, heard, believed, served, and supported. This user-friendly guide offers practical tools to promote understanding and support of transgender victims, whether you are a health care provider, law enforcement officer, emergency medical personnel, advocate, therapist, or support group facilitator. Learn how you can be a source of support and care for individuals in this high-risk population.
Abstract | HTML
Partnering to Access Legal Services (PALS): A Needs Assessment for the Denver Wrap Around Legal Services for Victims of Crime Project (June 2014)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 90 pages, NCJ 251025.
This grant report describes a three-phase needs assessment that was conducted in the Denver Metro area (2013-2014) to identify the gaps and strengths in legal service needs that arise out of victimization.
Abstract | PDF
HALOS Strategy: Community Collaborations for Children (May 2014)
OVC, OVC Training, 0 pages, NCJ 246834.
This online toolkit offers lessons learned and suggests strategies for replicating or establishing programs like the Helping and Lending Outreach Support (HALOS) program wherever foster families and relatives need additional support for the children in their care. It explains key components of program development, implementation, and sustainability; and includes sample forms and materials used by HALOS and the replicating organizations.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Training Series
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma (April 2014)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 241394.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. A companion resource guide accompanies each video and public awareness posters are available for download.
Abstract | HTML
Identity (ID) Theft Toolkit (2014)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 2 pages, NCJ 248389.
National Identity Theft Victims Assistance Network (NITVAN) coalitions across the country each contributed to the creation of this toolkit for victim advocates, attorneys, law enforcement officers, and anyone else involved in assisting victims. In this toolkit, you’ll find guidance on improving and expanding service to identity theft victims, starting a collaborative group in your area, as well as downloadable, ready-to-customize training materials, brochures, and more.
Abstract | HTML
OVC Builds Capacity To Serve Crime Victims in Indian Country (July 2013)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, FS 000393.
This fact sheet describes OVC's efforts to support American Indian/Alaska Native victims of crime by forging innovative partnerships to develop and expand exemplary tribal programs and services; and maintaining established programs that focus on culturally specific training, technical assistance, and case management, among other services.
HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report (May 2013)
OVC, Report, 60 pages, NCJ 239957.
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand the vision and impact of the crime victim assistance field. This Final Report provides a set of findings and broad recommendations, informed by stakeholder forums and literature reviews, that form a framework for strategic, transformative change. The Final Report outlines ways the field can overcome the obstacles it faces and change how it meets victims' needs and addresses those who perpetrate crime.
Abstract | PDF (Full Report) | PDF (Summary & Recommendations) | PDF (At a Glance Fact Sheet)
Promoting Effective Criminal Investigations of Campus Sex Crimes, Summary Report (November 2012)
OVC, 53 pages, NCJ 240177.
OVC, the Office on Violence Against Women, and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services partnered with the International Association of Campus Law Enforcement Administrators and the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights to conduct a forum that addressed the topic of enhancing criminal investigations of campus sex crimes. This report summarizes the discussion at the forum and provides a list of resources for those working to investigate sex crimes.
Abstract | PDF
Using Federal Law To Prosecute Domestic Violence Crimes in Indian Country DVD and Facilitator's Guide (October 2012)
OVC, OVC Videos, 40 pages, NCJ 238639.
This DVD and companion facilitator's guide provide guidance on how to successfully prosecute in federal court domestic violence offenders who commit crimes in Indian Country. The video incorporates case studies of actual prosecutions, while the guide provides an overview of relevant legal principles and key points for discussion. The materials also discuss circumstances common in tribal domestic violence prosecutions, such as offender recidivism, recanting victims, safety planning, and federal and tribal criminal justice and social service professionals working collaboratively to ensure victims' safety and community justice.
Abstract | PDF (Facilitator's Guide) | HTML
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Multidisciplinary Response to Crime Victims with Disabilities: State-Level Replication Guide (September 2012)
OVC, Electronic Document, 1 pages, NCJ 239107.
This guide describes the Building Partnerships for the Protection of Persons with Disabilities Initiative (BPI), which uses a prosecution-based multidisciplinary team approach to address abuse committed against persons with disabilities. A community-level guide also is available.
Abstract | HTML (State Replication Guide) | HTML (Replication Guide Set)
Multidisciplinary Response to Crime Victims with Disabilities: Community-Level Replication Guide (September 2012)
OVC, Electronic Document, 10 pages, NCJ 239108.
This guide walks you through a seven-step model to improve your community's capacity to respond to crime victims with disabilities. Every step in the model is designed to change your response to crime victims with disabilities permanently. A state-level guide also is available.
Abstract | HTML (Community Replication Guide) | HTML (Replication Guide Set)
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Child Abuse and Neglect (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 22 pages, NCJ 240567.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Elder Abuse (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 27 pages, NCJ 240568.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Homicide (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 23 pages, NCJ 240569.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Human Trafficking (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 22 pages, NCJ 240570.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Identity Theft (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 18 pages, NCJ 240571.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Impaired Driving (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 15 pages, NCJ 240572.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Intimate Partner Violence (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 22 pages, NCJ 240573.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Sexual Assault (September 2012)
OVC, OVC Training, 18 pages, NCJ 240574.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
Supporting Crime Victims With Disabilities Curriculum (English) (July 2012)
OVC, Electronic Document, 2 pages, NCJ 239037.
Crime victims with disabilities may face challenges other victims don't, such as the ability to access services or communicate with advocates. "Supporting Crime Victims With Disabilities" focuses on recognizing and addressing these challenges so that all victims with disabilities receive the necessary support and assistance. This 3-day training is designed for victim service providers, advocates for people with disabilities, self-advocates, and allied professionals. Using case studies and small group discussions, participants will examine the prevalence of crime against people with disabilities, perceptions of the criminal justice system, tenets of the disabilities movement, and the impact of disabilities on daily life. Through collaborative activities participants will identify ways the various agencies, organizations, and systems can work together to better serve crime victims with disabilities.
Abstract | HTML
Attorney General Guidelines for Victim and Witness Assistance 2011 Edition (Revised May 2012) (May 2012)
OVC, 66 pages, NCJ 235121.
These guidelines establish policy and provide guidance to be followed by U.S. Department of Justice personnel in their interactions with crime victims and witnesses. Effective October 1, 2011, these guidelines clarified DOJ's responsibilities to provide mandated rights and services enumerated in the Crime Victims’ Rights Act (CVRA) and the Victims' Rights and Restitution Act (VRRA) as well as other statutory requirements. Furthermore, the guidelines examine the unique requirements of vulnerable victims, including a recent update in May 2012 that addresses the scope of the federal child abuse reporting requirement under section 13031 of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. § 13031.
Abstract | PDF
Real Talk - A Resource Guide for Educating Teens on Healthy Relationships (March 2012)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 46 pages, NCJ 250250.
The Rhode Island Coalition Against Domestic Violence, with funding support from OVC, is intended to help youth workers facilitate dialogue about teen dating violence and prepare them as they teach healthy relationship skills to youth.
Abstract | PDF (Resource Guide) | PDF (Discussion Guide) | PDF (Conversation Cards)
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A Law Enforcement Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (July 2018)
OJJDP, Report, 100 pages, NCJ 250606.
This guide is designed to help local, state, and federal law enforcement prevent and respond to international parental kidnapping cases. The guide describes law enforcement's role as initial responders and investigators, discusses laws and legal remedies for child recovery and reunification, offers information about victim services and victim reunification travel funds, and outlines considerations for criminal prosecution and extradition of offenders.
PDF
Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2017 (March 2018)
BJS, Report, 280 pages, NCJ 251413.
This annual report presents data on school crime and safety from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. It contains 23 indicators of school crime and safety, including violent deaths; nonfatal student and teacher victimization; school environment; fights, weapons, and illegal substances; fear and avoidance; discipline, safety, and security measures; and campus safety and security.
Abstract | PDF
National Best Practices for Sexual Assault Kits: A Multidisciplinary Approach (August 2017)
NIJ, Electronic Document, 140 pages, NCJ 250384.
This report contains 35 recommendations that help provide a roadmap for agencies to develop or advance their policies and protocols for untested sexual assault kits. The recommendations are rooted in a victim-centric, multidisciplinary approach that encourages victim engagement and increases the potential for legal resolutions.
Abstract | PDF
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017)
OJJDP-Sponsored, Electronic Document, 68 pages, NCJ 250768.
This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
Examining Criminal Justice Responses to and Help-Seeking Patterns of Sexual Violence Survivors With Disabilities (June 2016)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 87 pages, NCJ 250196.
The goal of this study used is to better understand the criminal justice experience of persons with disabilities that report a sexual assault or rape to the authorities. Results suggest that current criminal justice structures are not sufficient to provide support for one of the highest-risk adult populations for sexual assault and victimization in the U.S.
Abstract | PDF
Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response (June 2015)
OJJDP-Sponsored, 14 pages, NCJ 248940.
This technical assistance brief is intended to educate judges about steps to be taken to assist in the location and recovery efforts for children missing from care by ensuring the legal guardians, social workers, and child advocates within child serving agencies are aware of and engage assistance from the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children on behalf of these endangered missing children.
Abstract | PDF
Understanding the Organization, Operation, and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States (October 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 306 pages, NCJ 248461.
This report explores patterns of labor trafficking in the U.S., and found that trafficking occurs in multiple industries, including agriculture, hospitality, construction, and restaurants. The report verified that labor trafficking usually goes unreported, and law enforcement often have difficulty distinguishing labor trafficking from other workplace exploitation. Policy and practice implications of this research for federal and local law enforcement and victims' service agencies are outlined.
Abstract | PDF
Recognizing When a Child's Injury or Illness Is Caused by Abuse (July 2014)
OJJDP, Portable Guide, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, 28 pages, NCJ 243908.
This guide provides information about the many indicators of child maltreatment and abuse to help first responders and investigators differentiate between physical abuse and accidental injury.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse Series
Improving Human Trafficking Victim Identification-Validation and Dissemination of a Screening Tool (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 455 pages, NCJ 246712.
This guide provides users with recommendations on how to build trust with potential victims, maintain confidentiality, and use the tool correctly. When properly used, the tool could give victim service providers, law enforcement and legal, healthcare, and social service providers with a standard means of identifying victims of human trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Screening for Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT) (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 37 pages, NCJ 246713.
This tool is designed for victim service providers and other providers to assist in identifying victims of human trafficking. Developed over the last seven years by the Vera Institute of Justice in collaboration with 11 victim service organizations in California, Colorado, New York, Texas and Washington, this NIJ-funded tool has been validated with a diverse sample of potential victims of trafficking and found reliable in predicting labor and sex trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams and VAWA 2005: Payment Practices, Successes, and Directions for the Future (April 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 230 pages, NCJ 247314.
The Violence Against Women Act of 2005 requires that sexual assault victims must not be required to file law enforcement reports in order to receive free exams. This study aimed to examine how states are meeting these goals. We found victim compensation funds are by far the largest funder of exams across the country. In the 19 jurisdictions included in case studies, victims generally received free exams without having to report if they did not want to. However, barriers to even accessing the exam prevent some victims from seeking help.
Abstract | PDF
Delivery and Evaluation of Sexual Assault Forensic (SAFE) Training Programs (March 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 240 pages, NCJ 247081.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) SAFE training programs. The study found that the IAFN SAFE training curriculum and blended training model offer a strong foundation that can be built upon to meet the diverse learning needs of clinicians across the country.
Abstract | PDF
Legal Issues Related to Elder Abuse: A Pocket Guide for Law Enforcement (2014)
BJA-Sponsored, 58 pages, NCJ 248541.
This guide provides legal concepts, documents, and tools that may be misused to commit elder abuse or used properly to remedy it. Also presented are issues and actions that justice system professionals should consider if they suspect elder abuse has occurred.
Abstract | PDF
Evaluating Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Programs (July 2013)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 241930.
This article discusses the efforts of Michigan State University researchers to develop a toolkit that SANE programs can use to evaluate how they affect the prosecution of sexual assault cases in their communities and explains how to implement the user-friendly toolkit. It also offers ideas for using the findings to improve practice and enhance a program's positive impact on the reporting, investigation and prosecution of sexual assault cases.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Understanding Elder Abuse: New Directions for Developing Theories of Elder Abuse Occurring in Domestic Settings (June 2013)
NIJ, Summary, NIJ Research in Brief, 40 pages, NCJ 241731.
This report discusses findings from two NIJ studies of elder abuse in domestic settings. Compared to other areas of family violence, elder abuse has lagged in theory development and relied more on adapting existing theories from other fields. The authors describe the findings from the two studies in this context, emphasizing the importance of developing new theories of elder abuse and of looking critically at current theories to increase our understanding and guide future research.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the NIJ Research in Brief Series
Household Burglary, 1994-2011 (June 2013)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 18 pages, NCJ 241754.
This report presents rates and trends in household burglary from 1993 to 2011. The report explores overall trends in household burglary and examines patterns in completed household burglary by type and value of items stolen, percentage of burglaries reported to the police and insurance companies, and police response.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
Firearm Violence, 1993-2011 (May 2013)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 28 pages, NCJ 241730.
This report presents trends on the number and rate of fatal and nonfatal firearm violence from 1993 to 2011. The report examines incident and victim demographic characteristics of firearm violence, including the type of firearm used; victim's race, age, and sex; and incident location. The report also examines changes over time in the percentages of nonfatal firearm crimes by injury, reporting to the police, and the use of firearms in self-defense.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
Untested Evidence in Sexual Assault Cases (February 2013)
NIJ-Sponsored, Report, 6 pages, NCJ 241356.
In this article from the Sexual Assault Report™, NIJ staff member Nancy Ritter explores: whether every sexual assault kit (SAK) should be tested every kit - even ones that are 25 years old; should priority be given to certain kits, and if so, how do we decide; and how to handle cases in which the alleged perpetrator is already known. The article also explains where the weak spots are in collecting, storing, and testing kits; why the police might not send sexual assault kits to be tested; and what early evidence is showing about complex issues such as victim notification.
Abstract | PDF
Implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit (August 2012)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 145 pages, NCJ 240916.
The purpose of this project was to conduct an implementation evaluation of the SANE Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit. The authors selected six SANE programs (two rural, two mid-sized, and two urban) and provided comprehensive technical assistance to help these programs work through the steps in the Toolkit so that they could evaluate whether their programs were having a beneficial impact on prosecution rates.
Abstract | PDF
Evaluating the Work of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Programs in the Criminal Justice System: A Toolkit for Practitioners (August 2012)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 227 pages, NCJ 240917.
The focus of this Toolkit is the impact of SANE programs on the progression of sexual assault cases through the criminal justice system, meaning how many cases make it how far through the system. To that end, the Toolkit is designed to provide practitioners with the necessary information for understanding and evaluating SANE programs' impact on prosecution rates in their own community.
Abstract | PDF
Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories, 2009 (August 2012)
BJS, Report, BJS Bulletins, 14 pages, NCJ 238252.
Presents data on the more than 400 state, municipal, county, and federal crime laboratories operating in the United States during 2009 that perform a variety of services, such as DNA tests, controlled substance analyses, and latent fingerprint examinations. This report examines crime lab personnel, budgets, workloads, and other administrative information, including backlogs in requests for forensic services. View additional reports in the Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories Series at: http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbse&sid=75
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Bulletins Series
Victimizations Not Reported to the Police, 2006-2010 (August 2012)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 18 pages, NCJ 238536.
This report presents findings, for a five-year period from 2006 to 2010, on the characteristics of crime victimizations that went unreported to police, according to data from the National Crime Victimization Survey. The characteristics examined in this report include the type of crime, whether it involved a weapon or injury, the victim-offender relationship, and demographic characteristics of the victim. For each of the characteristics examined, the report also details victims' rationale for not reporting to the police, including beliefs that the police would not or could not help, that the crime was not important enough to report, or fear of reprisal or getting the offender into trouble. The report also examines trends from 1994 to 2010 in the types of crime not reported to the police and the reasons victimizations went unreported.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
AMBER Alert Best Practices (May 2012)
OJJDP, Report, 64 pages, NCJ 232271.
This guide is a compilation of the most effective and efficient strategies, provided by AMBER Alert partners and practitioners, for recovering missing or abducted children.
Abstract | PDF
Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities (April 2012)
OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 8 pages, NCJ 235394.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examination Research Forum: Summary of Research Questions Identified (March 2012)
NIJ, OVC, Summary, 24 pages, NCJ 239602.
On March 28-29, 2012, the Office for Victims of Crime in partnership with the National Institute of Justice held a forum on research related to sexual assault medical forensic examinations (SAMFE). This forum explored gaps in the existing research related to the technical aspects of SAMFE. The goal was to identify research needed to bring a stronger evidence base to the SAMFE. A report was produced describing the conversation of the forum and the identified research needs.
Abstract | PDF
Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Examination Research Forum: Summary of Research Questions Identified (March 2012)
NIJ, OVC, Summary, 24 pages, NCJ 239602.
On March 28-29, 2012, the Office for Victims of Crime in partnership with the National Institute of Justice held a forum on research related to sexual assault medical forensic examinations (SAMFE). This forum explored gaps in the existing research related to the technical aspects of SAMFE. The goal was to identify research needed to bring a stronger evidence base to the SAMFE. A report was produced describing the conversation of the forum and the identified research needs.
Abstract | PDF
No More Rights Without Remedies: An Impact Evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute's Victims' Rights Clinics, Final Technical Report (2012)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 125 pages, NCJ 241752.
This grant report evaluates the National Crime Victim Law Institute's (NCVLI) victims' rights clinics. The clinics were designed to increase awareness of victims' rights among criminal justice professionals and to respond to violations of rights through legal advocacy. The current report examines the clinics' impact on the expansion of rights for victims, on court officials' attitudes toward victims' rights, on the extent to which victims' rights are honored in the criminal disposition process, and on the treatment of victims' rights in the print media. It also includes a discussion of sustainability of the clinics.
Abstract | PDF
Adolescent Sexual Assault Victims' Experiences with SANE-SARTs and the Criminal Justice System (May 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 164 pages, NCJ 234466.
The purpose of this project was to examine adolescent sexual assault survivors' help-seeking experiences with the legal and medical systems in two Midwestern communities that have different models of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) / Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) interventions.
Abstract | PDF
Federal Resources on Missing and Exploited Children: A Directory for Law Enforcement and Other Public and Private Agencies, Sixth Edition (May 2011)
OJJDP, Report, 48 pages, NCJ 231619.
Describes the federal services, programs, publications, and training sessions that address child sexual exploitation issues, child pornography, child abduction, Internet crime, and missing children cases.
Abstract | PDF
People with Dementia as Witnesses to Emotional Events (April 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 30 pages, NCJ 234132.
Elderly persons with dementia are often the only witnesses to crimes against them, such as physical or financial elder abuse, yet they are disparaged and discounted as unreliable. Clinical experience with this population indicates that significant emotional experiences may be salient to people with dementia, and that certain behaviors and characteristics enhance their credibility as historians. This is the first systematic research to identify people with dementia with reliable emotional memory and their characteristics.
Abstract | PDF
Toward a Better Way to Interview Child Victims of Sexual Abuse (March 2011)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 233282.
This article discusses a study examining the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol of child victims of sexual abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Guide for Implementing or Enhancing an Endangered Missing Advisory (March 2011)
OJJDP, Report, 37 pages, NCJ 232001.
Describes how a community can establish a task force to create an endangered missing advisory (EMA) plan, which creates voluntary partnerships to rapidly recover missing persons who do not fit the AMBER Alert criteria but who may be in danger. EMAs help law enforcement notify the general public that someone is missing and ultimately save lives. The guide provides directions for developing, activating, and sustaining an EMA plan and includes sample plans and press releases.
Abstract | PDF 888 KB
Effectiveness of Coordinated Outreach in Intimate Partner Violence Cases: A Randomized, Longitudinal Design (March 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 142 pages, NCJ 238480.
The current study tested the prediction that early coordinated victim outreach would improve criminal justice outcomes as well as increase victim safety and empowerment among victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). In collaboration with research, criminal justice, and community-based partners, this project evaluated an innovative outreach program for racially and ethnically diverse IPV victims whose cases had come to the attention of the criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF
Victim Participation in Intimate Partner Violence Prosecution: Implications for Safety (February 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 153 pages, NCJ 235284.
This study examined to what extent female intimate partner violence (IPV) victim participation in prosecution is associated with their future safety. In essence, are IPV victims who participate in prosecution safer than those who do not?
Abstract | PDF
Historically Black College and University Campus Sexual Assault (HBCU-CSA) Study (February 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 93 pages, NCJ 233614.
This study documents the prevalence of sexual assault (rape and other forms of unwanted sexual contact) on historically Black college and university campuses and also examines associated personal and behavioral factors, context, consequences, and reporting, along with campus police and service-provider perspectives on sexual victimization and student attitudes toward law enforcement and prevention measures.
Abstract | PDF
The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (January 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 123 pages, NCJ 233290.
This final evaluation report on the implementation of the Greenbook Initiative (GI) - which consists of guidelines proposed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges for intervening effectively in cases of domestic violence and child maltreatment - assesses the extent to which GI implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within-system change and practice in child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic-violence service providers.
Abstract | PDF
Randomized Trial of Healthy Families New York (HFNY): Does Home Visiting Prevent Child Maltreatment? (January 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 156 pages, NCJ 232945.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a state-administered home visitation program based on the Healthy Families America model, Health Families New York, in the prevention of child maltreatment and risk of delinquency.
Abstract | PDF
Course of Domestic Abuse among Chicago's Elderly: Risk Factors, Protective Behaviors, and Police Intervention (December 2010)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 132 pages, NCJ 232623.
This study examines if and how risk factors and protective behaviors affect the course of abuse over time, and the role of the police in intervening with elderly victims of domestic abuse and/or neglect.
Abstract | PDF
National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction: A Report to Congress (August 2010)
DOJ, Report, 280 pages, NCJ 231333.
This National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction is designed to prevent child sexual exploitation from occurring so as to protect children from sexual abuse, trauma, and exploitation.
Abstract | PDF
Investigation and Prosecution of Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, and Stalking (August 2010)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 246 pages, NCJ 236429.
This examination of sexual-assault, domestic-violence, and stalking cases reported to Alaska State Troopers during various time periods addressed characteristics of suspects, victims, incidents, witnesses, and legal resolution, with attention to predictors of legal resolutions, and whether rural cases were less likely to have successful legal resolutions.
Abstract | PDF
Elder Abuse Emerges From the Shadows of Public Consciousness (April 2010)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 229883.
This article reports on two studies sponsored by the National Institute of Justice that examined the prevalence of elder abuse and its detection through the forensic examination of the difference between accidental and inflicted bruising. The article concludes with descriptions of elder abuse cases in which prosecutors and victim-witness advocates have cooperated in gaining convictions of perpetrators of elder abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Prosecuting Elder Abuse Cases (April 2010)
NIJ, NIJ Journal, 2 pages, NCJ 229884.
This article provides an overview of State laws that pertain to elder abuse and identifies the factors that improve or impede the successful prosecution of such cases.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sex Offender Registration and Notification Policies for Reducing Sexual Violence Against Women, Final Report (2010)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 77 pages, NCJ 231989.
This report presents results of a study on the effectiveness of one state’s sex offender registration and notification policy in reducing sexual violence.
Abstract | PDF
A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts (December 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 161 pages, NCJ 229659.
In providing a comprehensive national profile of domestic violence courts (DVCs), this study explored how criminal DVCs have evolved, their rationale, and how their operations vary across the United States.
Abstract | PDF
Detecting, Addressing and Preventing Elder Abuse In Residential Care Facilities (November 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 149 pages, NCJ 229299.
This study examined State procedures for detecting, investigating, resolving, and preventing elder abuse in residential care facilities, which include assisted living facilities, personal care homes, domiciliary care homes, adult congregate living facilities, adult care homes, and shelter care homes
Abstract | PDF
School-Based Programs to Reduce Bullying and Victimization (October 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 143 pages, NCJ 229377.
This is a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of programs designed to reduce the perpetration and victimization of school bullying.
Abstract | PDF
Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties (October 2009)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 12 pages, NCJ 228193.
Examines the characteristics and processing of 3,750 cases of intimate partner violence, filed in the state courts of 16 large urban counties in May 2002. Topics covered include the types of charges filed against defendants, incident-specific information such as victim injury, defendant weapon use, evidence obtained, adjudication outcomes, and sentences imposed on convicted defendants.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
Finally Getting Victims Their Due: A Process Evaluation of the NCVLI Victims' Rights Clinics (August 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 298 pages, NCJ 228389.
This report describes a process evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI) State and Federal victims' rights clinics, which were established to promote awareness, education, and enforcement of crime victims' rights in the criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF
Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research: For Law Enforcement, Prosecutors and Judges (June 2009)
NIJ, Report, NIJ Research Report, 106 pages, NCJ 225722.
This report describes for practitioners what the research tells us about domestic violence, including its perpetrators and victims, the impact of current responses to it and, more particularly, the implications of that research for day-to-day, real-world responses to domestic violence by law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Research Report Series
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Technical Guide (April 2009)
OJJDP, Report, 310 pages, NCJ 223570.
This toolkit provides practical and comprehensive guidance in measuring court performance in child abuse and neglect cases, measuring the effects of activities performed and determining what works and what does not work.
Abstract | PDF 7 MB
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A Law Enforcement Guide on International Parental Kidnapping (July 2018)
OJJDP, Report, 100 pages, NCJ 250606.
This guide is designed to help local, state, and federal law enforcement prevent and respond to international parental kidnapping cases. The guide describes law enforcement's role as initial responders and investigators, discusses laws and legal remedies for child recovery and reunification, offers information about victim services and victim reunification travel funds, and outlines considerations for criminal prosecution and extradition of offenders.
PDF
Research Brief: Homicide Co-Victimization (July 2018)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 4 pages, NCJ 251953.
This fact sheet provides a comprehensive review of research and practice on homicide co-victimization. This research brief describes how the evidence base for homicide co-victimization is growing, while highlighting key areas where further research is needed.
PDF
It's Not an "Accident": It's a Crime! (April 2018)
OVC-Sponsored, 2 pages, NCJ 251642.
All victims of crime should be treated with dignity and respect, including victims of drunk driving crashes. This brochure provides information to law enforcement officers on how to respond to DUI crash victims and the services that may be available to them, including crime victim compensation. This resource was produced by the National Sheriffs' Association with funding support from OVC.
Abstract | PDF
Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2017 (March 2018)
BJS, Report, 280 pages, NCJ 251413.
This annual report presents data on school crime and safety from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. It contains 23 indicators of school crime and safety, including violent deaths; nonfatal student and teacher victimization; school environment; fights, weapons, and illegal substances; fear and avoidance; discipline, safety, and security measures; and campus safety and security.
Abstract | PDF
2018 School Victimization Statistical Fact Sheet (2018)
OVC
This fact sheet provides a snapshot of current school victimization trends in the United States. Use this and other fact sheets from the 2018 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Resource Guide (www.ovc.gov/ncvrw2018) to promote awareness about different types of crime, as graphics for your social media, and to inform other education efforts throughout the year.
PDF
Keys to Collaboration Between Hospital-based Violence Intervention and Cure Violence Programs (2018)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 251823.
The Healing Justice Alliance, with funding support from OVC, published this report to help guide communities that are implementing, or are interested in implementing, both hospital-based violence intervention and cure violence programs to address violence impacting young males.
Abstract | PDF
2018 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2018)
OVC, 3 pages, NCJ 251052.
The 2018 NCVRW Resource Guide provides a wealth of materials for promoting public awareness campaigns for NCVRW and throughout the year. The guide includes planning tips, artwork, crime and victimization fact sheets, and more. Help OVC Expand the Circle: Reach All Victims.
Abstract | HTML
DUI Crashes: Real Crimes, Real Victims (October 2017)
OVC-Sponsored, 3 pages, NCJ 250276.
Drunk driving crashes are crimes, not "accidents." One person is killed in an alcohol impaired driving crash every 53 minutes. This roll call video, supported by a grant from the OVC, addresses the need for law enforcement to respond to and interact with DUI crash victims in a victim-centered way, with all the referrals, support, and resources due victims of a violent crime.
Abstract | Video
National Best Practices for Sexual Assault Kits: A Multidisciplinary Approach (August 2017)
NIJ, Electronic Document, 140 pages, NCJ 250384.
This report contains 35 recommendations that help provide a roadmap for agencies to develop or advance their policies and protocols for untested sexual assault kits. The recommendations are rooted in a victim-centric, multidisciplinary approach that encourages victim engagement and increases the potential for legal resolutions.
Abstract | PDF
Vision 21: Multidisciplinary Responses in Complex Homicide Cases (August 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250945.
This fact sheet describes an OVC-funded project to support the enhancement of multidisciplinary interventions within 24 to 48 hours of a death for some of the most complex cases. These cases may include gang-related homicides, intrafamilial homicides, homicides involving child witnesses, and deaths involving impaired driving or driving under the influence.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Supporting Male Survivors of Violence Initiative (August 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250946.
To help male survivors of violence, OVC partnered with the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention and National Institute of Justice. This fact sheet describes the Supporting Male Survivors of Violence Initiative efforts to bolster the field’s ability to provide effective, culturally appropriate, and trauma-informed services for boys and men harmed by violence and to expand services that help normalize their lives and promote their healing.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Law Enforcement and the Communities They Serve (June 2017)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 250737.
This fact sheet discusses an OVC-sponsored project that is designed to assist law enforcement in developing evidence-based and trauma-informed response strategies in the wake of law enforcement-involved shootings and other high-profile incidents of violence. Additionally, the project will develop and disseminate comprehensive, expert technical assistance resources for law enforcement on trauma-informed culture and practice.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Developing an Elder Abuse Case Review Multidisciplinary Team in Your Community (May 2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 4 pages, NCJ 250736.
This resource facilitates the development and growth of multidisciplinary teams to address elder abuse cases. It also provides information about team structures and functions, along with common issues that arise with developing a case review team.
Abstract | HTML
The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit (April 2017)
OVC, NCJ 250647.
Research shows that vicarious trauma, when left unaddressed, can lead to staff burnout, turnover, stress, and a lesser quality of services for victims. This OVC toolkit offers guidance to help organizations strengthen their ability to address work-related exposure to trauma.
Abstract | HTML
Enhancing Police Responses to Children Exposed to Violence: A Toolkit for Law Enforcement (February 2017)
OJJDP-Sponsored, Electronic Document, 68 pages, NCJ 250768.
This toolkit provides practical resources to assist law enforcement agencies in building or enhancing effective operational responses to children exposed to violence (with or without a mental health partner).
Abstract | PDF
ACEs (Adverse Childhood Experiences/Trauma) Pediatric Healthcare Toolkit (2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 48 pages, NCJ 251026.
When children are repeatedly exposed to trauma without any form of protective relationships, their bodies react by producing an overload of stress hormones. This stress response is called toxic stress, and it causes serious, lasting developmental and physical harm. Through screening and referrals for ACEs, healthcare teams can help determine resources to promote healthy development.
Abstract | PDF
The Civil Legal Needs of Victims of Crime in New York State: An Assessment of the Issues, Services, and Challenges in Meeting the Civil Legal Needs of Victims (2017)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 64 pages, NCJ 251212.
In order to understand how to meet the civil legal needs of crime victims in New York State, this needs and systems assessment seeks to identify existing gaps in civil legal services.
Abstract | PDF
Alcohol-Facilitated Sexual Assault in Indian Country (December 2016)
OVC, OVC Videos, 3 pages, NCJ 250235.
This four-video series is designed for criminal justice personnel, victim advocates, and allied professionals who work with victims of sexual assault in Indian Country. The videos in this series seek to increase awareness about the prevalence of alcohol-facilitated sexual violence, enhance the investigation and prosecution of sexual violence, and provide best practices for responding to victims
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945.
Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
A Healing Journey for Alaska Natives (October 2016)
OVC, OVC Videos, 4 pages, NCJ 249906.
This five–video series is designed to educate federal, state, local, and tribal victim service providers, criminal justice professionals, and others who work with Alaska Native victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) Program Development and Operation Guide (August 2016)
OVC, 2 pages, NCJ 250082.
This Guide serves as a blueprint to improve your SANE program and ensure that all sexual assault victims receive the highest standard of patient-centered care.
Abstract | HTML
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016)
OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389.
This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
Examining Criminal Justice Responses to and Help-Seeking Patterns of Sexual Violence Survivors With Disabilities (June 2016)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 87 pages, NCJ 250196.
The goal of this study used is to better understand the criminal justice experience of persons with disabilities that report a sexual assault or rape to the authorities. Results suggest that current criminal justice structures are not sufficient to provide support for one of the highest-risk adult populations for sexual assault and victimization in the U.S.
Abstract | PDF
Faces of Human Trafficking (January 2016)
OVC, 10 pages, NCJ 248754.
This video series and resource guide raise awareness of the seriousness of human trafficking, the many forms it can takes, and the important role that everyone can play in identifying and serving victims. This new multidisciplinary resource includes nine videos with Spanish subtitles; Public Service Announcements (PSAs) in English, Spanish, Thai, Hindi, and Tagalog; a discussion guide; four fact sheets; and four posters designed for service providers and allied professionals, law enforcement, the general public, and victims/survivors.
Abstract | HTML
Post-Conviction Advocacy for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Guide for Attorneys (2016)
OVC-Sponsored, 54 pages, NCJ 250874.
This guide serves as a roadmap for practitioners who will be representing trafficking survivors in post-conviction efforts to clear, vacate, expunge, or seal criminal records. It contains important filing considerations for motion practice, best practices for employing a trauma-informed approach to client interviewing and representation, and other best practices for advocates.
Abstract | PDF
Victim Impact: Listen and Learn Curriculum (2016)
OVC, 312 pages, NCJ 224257.
This OVC-funded curriculum is geared toward helping offenders to become aware of the impact that crime has on victims and then to take responsibility and make amends for their actions. The online-only curriculum consists of 13 units, built around 10 core crime topics: property crime, assault, robbery, hate and bias, gang violence, sexual assault, child abuse and neglect, domestic violence, drunk and impaired driving, and homicide, plus chapters on implementing the program, the victim experience and making amends to victims. Victims and survivors speak about their experiences in the accompanying video clips.
Abstract | PDF (Facilitator Manual, Part 1) | PDF (Facilitator Manual, Part 2) | PDF (Participant Workbook) | HTML
Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources (August 2015)
OVC, NCJ 248647.
This toolkit is designed to help communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. OVC created this product in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Office for Victim Assistance and DOJ's Office of Justice for Victims of Overseas Terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response (June 2015)
OJJDP-Sponsored, 14 pages, NCJ 248940.
This technical assistance brief is intended to educate judges about steps to be taken to assist in the location and recovery efforts for children missing from care by ensuring the legal guardians, social workers, and child advocates within child serving agencies are aware of and engage assistance from the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children on behalf of these endangered missing children.
Abstract | PDF
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
Circle of Healing for Native Children Endangered by Drugs (December 2014)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 248443.
This seven-video series and companion resource guide feature Native programs and practices that incorporate cultural stories and traditions to help children, families, and communities in Indian Country to heal from substance abuse-related trauma.
Abstract | HTML
Innovative Practices for Victim Services: Report From the Field (December 2014)
OVC, Bulletin, 20 pages, NCJ 248495.
This e-bulletin provides brief descriptions of the innovative practices currently used by VOCA victim assistance and compensation programs throughout the country. This online resource promotes the replication of these practices, which cover six key program areas: needs assessment, systems advocacy and coordination, compensation, underserved populations, victims’ rights and services, and technology.
Abstract | HTML
Eight Benefits of NIBRS to Victim Service Providers (November 2014)
OVC, Bulletin, 0 pages, NCJ 248480.
This e-bulletin describes how victim service providers can use National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)–a system for recording crimes known to the police–to gain a better understanding of specific types of victimization, determine disparities between victims known to law enforcement and those receiving victim services, and identify underserved groups of crime victims. Data presented from the 15 states which currently report to NIBRS can assist victim service providers to identify patterns of crime and victimization that can justify the need for additional resources and guide decisions on optimal resource development.
Abstract | HTML
Understanding the Organization, Operation, and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States (October 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 306 pages, NCJ 248461.
This report explores patterns of labor trafficking in the U.S., and found that trafficking occurs in multiple industries, including agriculture, hospitality, construction, and restaurants. The report verified that labor trafficking usually goes unreported, and law enforcement often have difficulty distinguishing labor trafficking from other workplace exploitation. Policy and practice implications of this research for federal and local law enforcement and victims' service agencies are outlined.
Abstract | PDF
The Beat: Wrongful Convictions (September 2014)
OVC-Sponsored, 2 pages, NCJ 248555.
In this podcast, Jennifer Thompson, the crime victim from the Ronald Cotton case in North Carolina, who misidentified the perpetrator of her rape; and Meg Morrow, former OVC attorney advisor, discuss the impacts of wrongful convictions on survivors, victims of crime, and law enforcement.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Audio (mp3)
Recognizing When a Child's Injury or Illness Is Caused by Abuse (July 2014)
OJJDP, Portable Guide, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, 28 pages, NCJ 243908.
This guide provides information about the many indicators of child maltreatment and abuse to help first responders and investigators differentiate between physical abuse and accidental injury.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse Series
Responding to Transgender Victims of Sexual Assault (June 2014)
OVC, Electronic Document, 0 pages, NCJ 243903.
Transgender victims of sexual assault, like all crime victims, want and deserve to be respected, heard, believed, served, and supported. This user-friendly guide offers practical tools to promote understanding and support of transgender victims, whether you are a health care provider, law enforcement officer, emergency medical personnel, advocate, therapist, or support group facilitator. Learn how you can be a source of support and care for individuals in this high-risk population.
Abstract | HTML
Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations (June 2014)
OVC, Report, 37 pages, NCJ 248527.
This report from the National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative examines federal response to adult and child victims of sexual violence in tribal nations and reports recommendations for improvement.
Abstract | PDF
Improving Human Trafficking Victim Identification-Validation and Dissemination of a Screening Tool (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 455 pages, NCJ 246712.
This guide provides users with recommendations on how to build trust with potential victims, maintain confidentiality, and use the tool correctly. When properly used, the tool could give victim service providers, law enforcement and legal, healthcare, and social service providers with a standard means of identifying victims of human trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Screening for Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT) (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 37 pages, NCJ 246713.
This tool is designed for victim service providers and other providers to assist in identifying victims of human trafficking. Developed over the last seven years by the Vera Institute of Justice in collaboration with 11 victim service organizations in California, Colorado, New York, Texas and Washington, this NIJ-funded tool has been validated with a diverse sample of potential victims of trafficking and found reliable in predicting labor and sex trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Partnering to Access Legal Services (PALS): A Needs Assessment for the Denver Wrap Around Legal Services for Victims of Crime Project (June 2014)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 90 pages, NCJ 251025.
This grant report describes a three-phase needs assessment that was conducted in the Denver Metro area (2013-2014) to identify the gaps and strengths in legal service needs that arise out of victimization.
Abstract | PDF
HALOS Strategy: Community Collaborations for Children (May 2014)
OVC, OVC Training, 0 pages, NCJ 246834.
This online toolkit offers lessons learned and suggests strategies for replicating or establishing programs like the Helping and Lending Outreach Support (HALOS) program wherever foster families and relatives need additional support for the children in their care. It explains key components of program development, implementation, and sustainability; and includes sample forms and materials used by HALOS and the replicating organizations.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Training Series
Sexual Assault Medical Forensic Exams and VAWA 2005: Payment Practices, Successes, and Directions for the Future (April 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 230 pages, NCJ 247314.
The Violence Against Women Act of 2005 requires that sexual assault victims must not be required to file law enforcement reports in order to receive free exams. This study aimed to examine how states are meeting these goals. We found victim compensation funds are by far the largest funder of exams across the country. In the 19 jurisdictions included in case studies, victims generally received free exams without having to report if they did not want to. However, barriers to even accessing the exam prevent some victims from seeking help.
Abstract | PDF
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma (April 2014)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 241394.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. A companion resource guide accompanies each video and public awareness posters are available for download.
Abstract | HTML
Delivery and Evaluation of Sexual Assault Forensic (SAFE) Training Programs (March 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 240 pages, NCJ 247081.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the International Association of Forensic Nurses (IAFN) SAFE training programs. The study found that the IAFN SAFE training curriculum and blended training model offer a strong foundation that can be built upon to meet the diverse learning needs of clinicians across the country.
Abstract | PDF
Identity (ID) Theft Toolkit (2014)
OVC-Sponsored, Grant, 2 pages, NCJ 248389.
National Identity Theft Victims Assistance Network (NITVAN) coalitions across the country each contributed to the creation of this toolkit for victim advocates, attorneys, law enforcement officers, and anyone else involved in assisting victims. In this toolkit, you’ll find guidance on improving and expanding service to identity theft victims, starting a collaborative group in your area, as well as downloadable, ready-to-customize training materials, brochures, and more.
Abstract | HTML
Legal Issues Related to Elder Abuse: A Pocket Guide for Law Enforcement (2014)
BJA-Sponsored, 58 pages, NCJ 248541.
This guide provides legal concepts, documents, and tools that may be misused to commit elder abuse or used properly to remedy it. Also presented are issues and actions that justice system professionals should consider if they suspect elder abuse has occurred.
Abstract | PDF
Evaluating Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner Programs (July 2013)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 241930.
This article discusses the efforts of Michigan State University researchers to develop a toolkit that SANE programs can use to evaluate how they affect the prosecution of sexual assault cases in their communities and explains how to implement the user-friendly toolkit. It also offers ideas for using the findings to improve practice and enhance a program's positive impact on the reporting, investigation and prosecution of sexual assault cases.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
OVC Builds Capacity To Serve Crime Victims in Indian Country (July 2013)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, FS 000393.
This fact sheet describes OVC's efforts to support American Indian/Alaska Native victims of crime by forging innovative partnerships to develop and expand exemplary tribal programs and services; and maintaining established programs that focus on culturally specific training, technical assistance, and case management, among other services.
HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Understanding Elder Abuse: New Directions for Developing Theories of Elder Abuse Occurring in Domestic Settings (June 2013)
NIJ, Summary, NIJ Research in Brief, 40 pages, NCJ 241731.
This report discusses findings from two NIJ studies of elder abuse in domestic settings. Compared to other areas of family violence, elder abuse has lagged in theory development and relied more on adapting existing theories from other fields. The authors describe the findings from the two studies in this context, emphasizing the importance of developing new theories of elder abuse and of looking critically at current theories to increase our understanding and guide future research.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the NIJ Research in Brief Series
Household Burglary, 1994-2011 (June 2013)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 18 pages, NCJ 241754.
This report presents rates and trends in household burglary from 1993 to 2011. The report explores overall trends in household burglary and examines patterns in completed household burglary by type and value of items stolen, percentage of burglaries reported to the police and insurance companies, and police response.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
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