Trafficking in persons – also known as human trafficking – is tantamount to modern-day slavery. It dehumanizes and traumatizes victims while often shocking communities upon its discovery. Victims include men, women, and children, foreign-born, U.S. citizens, and lawful permanent residents who are trafficked for sex and/or labor purposes in both large cities and small towns.
The centerpiece of the U.S. Government’s efforts to eliminate trafficking in persons is the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended. The TVPA enhanced the federal government’s response to trafficking in the U.S. by affording increased protections and resources for victims; creating new crime types and enhancing penalties for prosecuting trafficking offenders; and expanding the U.S. Government’s international activities to prevent victims from being trafficked.
Since 2003, OVC, with funding authorized by the TVPA, has supported the development and enhancement of programs designed to provide a comprehensive array of culturally competent services to victims of human trafficking. This includes partnering with DOJ’s Bureau of Justice Assistance to support a multi-disciplinary anti-human task force model to assist communities identify, rescue, and restore victims of human trafficking.
For more information about how the Department of Justice is responding to trafficking in persons, read Attorney General Eric Holder’s recent speech delivered in Little Rock, Arkansas on April 24, 2012. Learn more about OVC’s and OJP’s efforts to address trafficking in persons in the United States.
Special Announcement: OVC is seeking your comments by May 24, 2013, on Coordination, Collaboration, Capacity: Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States, 2013–2017. Read the plan and learn more, including guidance on submitting comments.
The following resources highlight available victim assistance services, educational materials, research findings, and more.