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Children Exposed to Violence

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  • Resources (39)
  • Forum Discussions (5)
  • FAQs (4)
  • Funding (1)
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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945.
Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518.
The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016) OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389.
This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
2015 OVC Report to the Nation, Fiscal Years 2013-2014: Building Capacity Through Research, Innovation, Technology, and Training (August 2015) OVC, Report, OVC Fact Sheets, 4 pages, NCJ 248907.
OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2013−2014. The report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
 

OJP Publications

Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2015 (May 2016) BJS, 246 pages, NCJ 249758.
This report presents data on crime and safety at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, student perceptions of personal safety at school, and crime at postsecondary institutions.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (Tables)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547.
This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500.
The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Violent Crime Against Youth, 1994-2010 (December 2012) BJS, Report, 22 pages, NCJ 240106.
This report presents patterns and trends in violent crime against youth ages 12 to 17 from 1994 to 2010. The report explores overall trends in violent crime against youth and examines patterns in serious violent crime and simple assault by the demographic characteristics of the victim, the location and time of the incident, weapon involvement and injury, the victim-offender relationship, and whether police were notified.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
 

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Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

More FAQs

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


FY 2017 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth State Demonstration (PDF 225 kb)
Deadline: 05/11/2017
This solicitation seeks to address the enduring issue of child and youth victimization through state-level demonstration projects. Although many systems exist to respond to issues caused by child and youth victimization, these systems often fail to communicate and collaborate effectively to get to the root of the problem. The competitively awarded state-level demonstration sites will bring all of the relevant systems and professionals together to establish a coordinated approach which will ensure that every child entering these systems is assessed for victimization, that children and their families are provided comprehensive and coordinated services to fully address their needs, and that practices and policies are established to sustain this approach long term. The project will be conducted in two phases—Phase 1: Planning (15 months) and Phase 2: Implementation (5 years). OVC expects to make up to two awards of up to $500,000 each through this initiative. Apply by May 11, 2017.

More Funding Opportunities

Children are exposed to violence in their homes, schools, and communities, either directly (i.e., as a victim of abuse or a crime) or indirectly (i.e., as a witness to a violent act; by learning of a violent act against a family member, neighbor, or close friend; or from a threat against the child’s own home or school). All too often, children who are exposed to such violence incur lasting physical, mental, and emotional harm with effects that can last well into adulthood. Understanding the nature and extent of children’s exposure to violence is essential to combating its effects. Research has found that early identifica­tion, intervention, and continued followup are valuable strategies for preventing or decreasing the potential negative effects of children’s exposure to vio­lence.

The following resources provide additional information about programs and services available for those who work with children who have been exposed to and/or experienced violence in some manner.


Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Fact Sheet (December 2016) OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, 2 pages, NCJ 249945. Our Nation’s children and youth continue to experience crime and victimization at alarming rates, these young victims remain underserved, and the systems charged with caring for them provide fragmented and ineffective responses for children and their families. This fact sheet describes efforts to bring healthcare, child welfare, justice, and other systems together to coordinate and align efforts to ensure a timely and seamless response to young victims, their families, and caregivers, no matter the system of entry.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Guiding Principles (December 2016) OVC-Sponsored, Fact Sheet, 4 pages, NCJ 250518. The OVC-sponsored Vision 21 Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Program designed these Guiding Principles to: provide guidance for service providers assisting children and youth exposed to violence and their families and caregivers; offer a benchmark for conducting community needs assessments, and developing policies, and protocols; and help community collaboratives shape, inform, and review services and referrals to address children and youth exposed to violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Responding to Trauma Among Young Men of Color: Adapting the Crown Heights Approach For Your Community (July 2016) OVC-Sponsored, 15 pages, NCJ 250389. This Planning Toolkit is a blueprint for communities, violence interrupter programs, and traditional victim service providers that want to improve their responses to young men of color who have experienced trauma. The practices shared in this toolkit are based on the Center for Court Innovation’s work with violence interrupter programs, victim service agencies, trauma, and gender-based violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
2015 OVC Report to the Nation, Fiscal Years 2013-2014: Building Capacity Through Research, Innovation, Technology, and Training (August 2015) OVC, Report, OVC Fact Sheets, 4 pages, NCJ 248907. OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2013−2014. The report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938. This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
 

OJP Publications

Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2015 (May 2016) BJS, 246 pages, NCJ 249758. This report presents data on crime and safety at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, student perceptions of personal safety at school, and crime at postsecondary institutions.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (Tables)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence, Crime, and Abuse: An Update (September 2015) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 16 pages, NCJ 248547. This bulletin discusses the second National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV II), which was conducted in 2011 as a followup to the original NatSCEV I survey conducted in 2008.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF
 
Attorney General's Advisory Committee on American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence: Ending Violence So Children Can Thrive (November 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 258 pages, NCJ 248500. The recommendations are intended to serve as a blueprint for preventing American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children's exposure to violence and for mitigating the negative effects experienced by Al/AN children exposed to violence across the U.S. and throughout Indian country.
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Children's Exposure to Violence and the Intersection Between Delinquency and Victimization (October 2013) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 240555. This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding the co-occurrence of victimization and delinquency among children who are exposed to violence.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF 1.37 MB | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
Violent Crime Against Youth, 1994-2010 (December 2012) BJS, Report, 22 pages, NCJ 240106. This report presents patterns and trends in violent crime against youth ages 12 to 17 from 1994 to 2010. The report explores overall trends in violent crime against youth and examines patterns in serious violent crime and simple assault by the demographic characteristics of the victim, the location and time of the incident, weapon involvement and injury, the victim-offender relationship, and whether police were notified.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP): Medical Home for Children and Adolescents Exposed to Violence
Developed through a grant from OVC, this section of the AAP Web site provides pediatricians and all medical home teams with the resources they need to modify practice operations to more effectively identify, treat, and refer children and youth who have been exposed to or victimized by violence.
 
ChildVictimWeb
ChildVictimWeb is a free online training resource designed for professionals from all disciplines who work with children who have experienced or witnessed serious violence. This course describes the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of victimization often experienced in childhood, their psychological, behavioral, social, and health consequences, and implications for practice. Assessment strategies, an evidence-based approach to treatment planning, trauma-informed case management skills, and information about evidence supported treatments are presented.
 
National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI): Safeguarding Child-Victims' Rights Initiative
With funding from OVC, this NCVLI Program works to ensure that the rights of child-victims through education & training, litigation, and public policy.
 

Federal Resources

Administration for Children and Families
ACF promotes the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Through its Children's Bureau, ACF assists states in the delivery of child welfare services. Its Web site presents related initiatives, statistics, ACF programs, funding, and information systems.
 
CrimeSolutions.gov
CrimeSolutions.gov is a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics, including victim assistance programs; corrections; courts; crime prevention; substance abuse; juveniles; law enforcement; and technology and forensics. The site is a tool to understand, access and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Violent Crimes Against Children
This FBI program's mission is to: decrease the vulnerability of children to sexual exploitation; develop a nationwide capacity to provide a rapid, effective, and measured investigative response to crimes against children; and enhance the capabilities of state and local law enforcement investigators through programs, investigative assistance, and task force operations. The program's strategy involves using multi-disciplinary and multi-agency teams to investigate and prosecute crimes that cross legal, geographical, and jurisdictional boundaries; promoting and enhancing interagency sharing of intelligence, specialized skills, and services; and widely offering our victim/witness services.
 
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): National Center for Trauma-Informed Care
SAMHSA's National Center for Trauma-Informed Care (NCTIC) is a technical assistance center dedicated to building awareness of trauma-informed care and promoting the implementation of trauma-informed practices in programs and services.
 
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ): Defending Childhood
Defending Childhood is an initiative of Attorney General Eric Holder that strives to harness resources from across the Department of Justice to: prevent children's exposure to violence, mitigate the negative impact of children's exposure to violence when it does occur, and develop knowledge and spread awareness about children's exposure to violence.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

Family Research Laboratory (FRL)
FRL works to understand family violence and the impact of violence in families.
 
Greenbook Initiative
The Greenbook Initiative helps child welfare workers, domestic violence advocates and family court judges in communities across the country change their approach to family violence to better help battered women and their children achieve safety.
 
National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health
The overarching goal of the National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health is to ensure that all survivors of domestic violence and their children who are experiencing abuse-related trauma and/or living with mental illness can access the services that they may need to enhance their safety and well-being.
 
National Child Protection Training Center (NCPTC)
NCJTC offers programs for: Federal, state, tribal and local law enforcement executives, investigators and first responding officers; Federal, state, tribal and local prosecutors; judges, tribal leaders, probation and parole officers, and corrections officers; child protective services workers, victim advocates and mental health professionals, public policy leaders, teachers and school administrators, broadcasters and journalists.
 
Native American Children's Alliance (NACA)
NACA is an inter-tribal membership organization whose mission is to promote excellence in child abuse prevention and intervention in Native American and Alaska Native communities through training, mentoring and information.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Feb 24 2016 at 2:00PM, Dr. John Rich, MD, MPH, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, and Linnea Ashley, MPH, Training and Advocacy Manager at Youth ALIVE!, hosted a discussion on Inner City Posttraumatic Stress

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Feb 28 2013 at 2:00PM, Mitru Ciarlante, Director of Child & Club Safety for the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, and Dr. John Rich, Professor and Chair of Health Management and Policy at the Drexel University School of Public Health, hosted a discussion on Reaching Young Men of Color Exposed to Violence

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims


FAQs

What harms exist for children found at methamphetamine laboratories?
Information on children found at methamphetamine labs can be found in Children at Clandestine Metham... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

Is information available on what can be done to help children who have been witnesses to violence?
To view publications and other resources related to the treatment of children who have been exposed ... Read More

What is Vision 21?
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand th... Read More

Back to Top


Funding

FY 2017 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth State Demonstration (PDF 225 kb)
Deadline: 05/11/2017
This solicitation seeks to address the enduring issue of child and youth victimization through state-level demonstration projects. Although many systems exist to respond to issues caused by child and youth victimization, these systems often fail to communicate and collaborate effectively to get to the root of the problem. The competitively awarded state-level demonstration sites will bring all of the relevant systems and professionals together to establish a coordinated approach which will ensure that every child entering these systems is assessed for victimization, that children and their families are provided comprehensive and coordinated services to fully address their needs, and that practices and policies are established to sustain this approach long term. The project will be conducted in two phases—Phase 1: Planning (15 months) and Phase 2: Implementation (5 years). OVC expects to make up to two awards of up to $500,000 each through this initiative. Apply by May 11, 2017.

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