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Child Abuse and Sexual Abuse

  • Publications (32)
  • Resources (63)
  • Forum Discussions (5)
  • FAQs (7)
  • Funding (2)
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Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma (April 2014) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 241394.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. A companion resource guide accompanies each video and public awareness posters are available for download.
Abstract | HTML
 
OVC Report to the Nation 2013, Fiscal Years 2011-2012: Transforming Today's Vision into Tomorrow's Reality (June 2013) OVC, Report, 0 pages, NCJ 242598.
OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2011−2012. The online report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
 
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report (May 2013) OVC, Report, 63 pages, NCJ 239957.
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand the vision and impact of the crime victim assistance field. This Final Report provides a set of findings and broad recommendations, informed by stakeholder forums and literature reviews, that form a framework for strategic, transformative change. The Final Report outlines ways the field can overcome the obstacles it faces and change how it meets victims' needs and addresses those who perpetrate crime.
Abstract | PDF (Full Report) | PDF (Summary & Recommendations) | PDF (At a Glance Fact Sheet)
 
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Child Abuse and Neglect (September 2012) OVC, OVC Training, 22 pages, NCJ 240567.
This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
 
OVC HELP Series for Crime Victims (June 2012) OVC
This series of nine brochures features information and resources for victims of crime and victim service professionals on the topics of assault, child abuse, domestic violence, homicide, impaired driving, robbery, sexual violence, and stalking. Each brochure defines a type of victimization; discusses what to do if you are a victim of this crime and where to go for help; and provides resources for more information and assistance.
HTML
 

OJP Publications

Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities (April 2012) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 8 pages, NCJ 235394.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF 581 KB
 
U.S. Attorney General's Defending Childhood Initiative: Formative Evaluation of the Phase I Demonstration Program (November 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 236563.
This report describes the nature and scope of children's exposure to violence in eight demonstration sites, describing the common and unique strategies the sites chose for addressing the problem, and drawing key lessons so that other jurisdictions seeking to address children's exposure to violence in their own communities can learn from the current evaluation of the Defending Childhood Initiative.
Abstract | PDF
 
Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse (October 2011) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 235504.
This bulletin focuses on polyvictimization, which is defined as having experienced multiple victimization of different kinds, such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF
 
Toward a Better Way to Interview Child Victims of Sexual Abuse (March 2011) NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 233282.
This article discusses a study examining the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol of child victims of sexual abuse.

Part Of the NIJ Journal Series Abstract | PDF | HTML
 
Randomized Trial of Healthy Families New York (HFNY): Does Home Visiting Prevent Child Maltreatment? (January 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 156 pages, NCJ 232945.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a state-administered home visitation program based on the Healthy Families America model, Health Families New York, in the prevention of child maltreatment and risk of delinquency.
Abstract | PDF
 

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Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Apr 15 2014 at 2:00PM, Sally Laskey, Director of Special Projects for the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, and Chris Newlin, M.S., L.P.C., Executive Director of the National Children’s Advocacy Center, hosted a discussion on CACs and SARTs Partnering for Sexual Violence Victims

On Feb 25 2014 at 2:00PM, Jennifer Stith, Executive Director of WINGS Foundation, Inc, and Dr Sheri Vanino, PsyD, licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in working with victims of trauma and sexual assault, hosted a discussion on Serving Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse

On Mar 21 2012 at 2:00PM, Rev. Dr. Bernard "Skip" Keels, Director of the University Chapel at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland, and Elsie Boudreau, LMSW, Alaska Native Justice Center , hosted a discussion on Responding to Survivors of Clergy Abuse

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims

On Jul 7 2010 at 2:00PM, Howard Davidson, Director of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, and Joanne McNabb, Chief of the California Office of Privacy Protection, hosted a discussion on Addressing Child Identity Theft as Financial Exploitation

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


To whom can I report child abuse?
Each State designates specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse ... Read More

How can I recognize the signs associated with child abuse and neglect?
You can learn about the signs associated with child abuse and neglect by viewing the Child Welfare I... Read More

How many children are sexually abused in the United States?
Child sexual abuse statistics are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' annual C... Read More

Where can I locate statistics on child abuse and neglect in the United States?
Statistics on child abuse and neglect are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' ... Read More

Who is considered a mandatory reporter of child abuse, including child sexual abuse/exploitation?
Individuals typically designated as mandatory reporters have frequent contact with children and may ... Read More

More FAQs

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


FY 2014 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth State Demonstration Project (PDF 313 kb)
Deadline: 05/21/2014
OVC will make up to two awards of up to $500,000 each to state-level demonstration sites to develop a consistent, coordinated response to child and youth victims and their families and caregivers that addresses the presenting issues and full range of victim needs. The project will be conducted in two phases. This solicitation is for Phase 1 funding only. During the Phase 1 planning process, participating states will work with a network of stakeholders to review the existing policies and protocols of the partnering agencies to identify strengths and gaps in services. Those applying are urged to begin in advance of the May 21, 2014, deadline.


FY 2014 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Technical Assistance Project (PDF 248 kb)
Deadline: 05/21/2014
OVC will award one cooperative agreement of up to $500,000 to provide training and technical assistance to improve state responses to child and youth victims and their families and caregivers. The award recipient will assist participating state demonstration sites in establishing a network of stakeholders, designing and implementing a gap analysis/needs assessment, and develop a strategy to identify, intervene, and treat child and youth victims across systems. The project will be conducted in two phases. This solicitation is for Phase 1 funding only. Those applying are urged to begin in advance of the May 21, 2014, deadline.

More Funding Opportunities

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma (April 2014) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 241394. This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. A companion resource guide accompanies each video and public awareness posters are available for download.
Abstract | HTML
 
OVC Report to the Nation 2013, Fiscal Years 2011-2012: Transforming Today's Vision into Tomorrow's Reality (June 2013) OVC, Report, 0 pages, NCJ 242598. OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2011−2012. The online report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
 
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report (May 2013) OVC, Report, 63 pages, NCJ 239957. The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand the vision and impact of the crime victim assistance field. This Final Report provides a set of findings and broad recommendations, informed by stakeholder forums and literature reviews, that form a framework for strategic, transformative change. The Final Report outlines ways the field can overcome the obstacles it faces and change how it meets victims' needs and addresses those who perpetrate crime.
Abstract | PDF (Full Report) | PDF (Summary & Recommendations) | PDF (At a Glance Fact Sheet)
 
National Victim Assistance Academy Resource Paper: Child Abuse and Neglect (September 2012) OVC, OVC Training, 22 pages, NCJ 240567. This Resource Paper is part of a series of National Victim Assistance Academy (NVAA) Track 1: Foundation-Level Training documents covering eight topics. This paper includes statistics, definitions, impact/effects on victims, effective responses, and additional information designed to educate entry-level professionals and volunteers. Visit www.ovcttac.gov for additional NVAA training materials.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the OVC Training Series
 
OVC HELP Series for Crime Victims (June 2012) OVC This series of nine brochures features information and resources for victims of crime and victim service professionals on the topics of assault, child abuse, domestic violence, homicide, impaired driving, robbery, sexual violence, and stalking. Each brochure defines a type of victimization; discusses what to do if you are a victim of this crime and where to go for help; and provides resources for more information and assistance.
HTML
 

OJP Publications

Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities (April 2012) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 8 pages, NCJ 235394. This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF 581 KB
 
U.S. Attorney General's Defending Childhood Initiative: Formative Evaluation of the Phase I Demonstration Program (November 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 236563. This report describes the nature and scope of children's exposure to violence in eight demonstration sites, describing the common and unique strategies the sites chose for addressing the problem, and drawing key lessons so that other jurisdictions seeking to address children's exposure to violence in their own communities can learn from the current evaluation of the Defending Childhood Initiative.
Abstract | PDF
 
Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse (October 2011) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 235504. This bulletin focuses on polyvictimization, which is defined as having experienced multiple victimization of different kinds, such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF
 
Toward a Better Way to Interview Child Victims of Sexual Abuse (March 2011) NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 233282. This article discusses a study examining the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol of child victims of sexual abuse.
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Abstract | PDF | HTML
 
Randomized Trial of Healthy Families New York (HFNY): Does Home Visiting Prevent Child Maltreatment? (January 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 156 pages, NCJ 232945. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a state-administered home visitation program based on the Healthy Families America model, Health Families New York, in the prevention of child maltreatment and risk of delinquency.
Abstract | PDF
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

Child Maltreatment Awareness Campaign
Victim/Witness Services (VWS) for Coconino County received funding from OVC to establish a Public Awareness and Outreach Campaign for Child Maltreatment Victims in Underserved Communities.
 
ChildVictimWeb
ChildVictimWeb is a free online training resource designed for professionals from all disciplines who work with children who have experienced or witnessed serious violence. This course describes the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of victimization often experienced in childhood, their psychological, behavioral, social, and health consequences, and implications for practice. Assessment strategies, an evidence-based approach to treatment planning, trauma-informed case management skills, and information about evidence supported treatments are presented.
 
Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN)
RAINN operates a 24-hour telephone hotline (1-800-656-HOPE) and an Online Hotline for victims of sexual assault. The secure web-based hotline provides a safe, secure, and anonymous place for victims to get help online. RAINN also works to promote education and prevention of sexual assault, compiles and shares links to Legal Resources, including the State Mandatory Regulations regarding children and the elderly.
 

Federal Resources

Administration for Children and Families
ACF promotes the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Through its Children's Bureau, ACF assists states in the delivery of child welfare services. Its Web site presents related initiatives, statistics, ACF programs, funding, and information systems.
 
Child Welfare Information Gateway
A service of the Children's Bureau, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Child Welfare Information Gateway promotes the safety, permanency, and well-being of children and families by connecting child welfare, adoption and related professionals as well as the general public to timely, essential information.
 
Childstats.gov
This website offers easy access to statistics and reports on children and families, including: family and social environment, economic circumstances, health care, physical environment and safety, behavior, education and health. The Forum fosters coordination, collaboration, and integration of Federal efforts to collect and report data on conditions and trends for children and families.
 
CrimeSolutions.gov
CrimeSolutions.gov is a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics, including victim assistance programs; corrections; courts; crime prevention; substance abuse; juveniles; law enforcement; and technology and forensics. The site is a tool to understand, access and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.
 
Defending Childhood
Defending Childhood is an initiative of Attorney General Eric Holder that strives to harness resources from across the Department of Justice to: prevent children's exposure to violence, mitigate the negative impact of children's exposure to violence when it does occur, and develop knowledge and spread awareness about children's exposure to violence.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

Chadwick Center for Children and Families
The Chadwick Center for Children and Families promotes the health and well-being of abused and traumatized children and their families.
 
National Center for the Prosecution of Child Abuse
The Center serves as a central resource for training, expert legal assistance, court reform, and information on criminal child abuse investigations and prosecutions. The center is a program of the American Prosecutors Research Institute, a nonprofit research and program development resource for prosecutors at all levels of government.
 
National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health
The overarching goal of the National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health is to ensure that all survivors of domestic violence and their children who are experiencing abuse-related trauma and/or living with mental illness can access the services that they may need to enhance their safety and well-being.
 
National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)
This information and research clearinghouse also offers direct victim services and training to sexual assault providers at the national, state, and community levels.
 
Parents for Megan's Law (PFML)
PFML is a community and victim's rights organization dedicated to the prevention and treatment of sexual abuse through the provision of education, advocacy, counseling, victim services, policy and legislative support services.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Apr 15 2014 at 2:00PM, Sally Laskey, Director of Special Projects for the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, and Chris Newlin, M.S., L.P.C., Executive Director of the National Children’s Advocacy Center, hosted a discussion on CACs and SARTs Partnering for Sexual Violence Victims

On Feb 25 2014 at 2:00PM, Jennifer Stith, Executive Director of WINGS Foundation, Inc, and Dr Sheri Vanino, PsyD, licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in working with victims of trauma and sexual assault, hosted a discussion on Serving Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse

On Mar 21 2012 at 2:00PM, Rev. Dr. Bernard "Skip" Keels, Director of the University Chapel at Morgan State University in Baltimore, Maryland, and Elsie Boudreau, LMSW, Alaska Native Justice Center , hosted a discussion on Responding to Survivors of Clergy Abuse

On Apr 27 2011 at 2:00PM, Andrea Cardona, founder of FLA Four Legged Advocates, Inc, and Curtis Allen, manager with Tooele County Children’s Justice Center’s Healing Paws program, hosted a discussion on Using Therapy Dogs to Respond to Child Victims

On Jul 7 2010 at 2:00PM, Howard Davidson, Director of the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, and Joanne McNabb, Chief of the California Office of Privacy Protection, hosted a discussion on Addressing Child Identity Theft as Financial Exploitation


FAQs

To whom can I report child abuse?
Each State designates specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse ... Read More

How can I recognize the signs associated with child abuse and neglect?
You can learn about the signs associated with child abuse and neglect by viewing the Child Welfare I... Read More

How many children are sexually abused in the United States?
Child sexual abuse statistics are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' annual C... Read More

Where can I locate statistics on child abuse and neglect in the United States?
Statistics on child abuse and neglect are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' ... Read More

Who is considered a mandatory reporter of child abuse, including child sexual abuse/exploitation?
Individuals typically designated as mandatory reporters have frequent contact with children and may ... Read More

Back to Top


Funding

FY 2014 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth State Demonstration Project (PDF 313 kb)
Deadline: 05/21/2014
OVC will make up to two awards of up to $500,000 each to state-level demonstration sites to develop a consistent, coordinated response to child and youth victims and their families and caregivers that addresses the presenting issues and full range of victim needs. The project will be conducted in two phases. This solicitation is for Phase 1 funding only. During the Phase 1 planning process, participating states will work with a network of stakeholders to review the existing policies and protocols of the partnering agencies to identify strengths and gaps in services. Those applying are urged to begin in advance of the May 21, 2014, deadline.


FY 2014 Vision 21: Linking Systems of Care for Children and Youth Technical Assistance Project (PDF 248 kb)
Deadline: 05/21/2014
OVC will award one cooperative agreement of up to $500,000 to provide training and technical assistance to improve state responses to child and youth victims and their families and caregivers. The award recipient will assist participating state demonstration sites in establishing a network of stakeholders, designing and implementing a gap analysis/needs assessment, and develop a strategy to identify, intervene, and treat child and youth victims across systems. The project will be conducted in two phases. This solicitation is for Phase 1 funding only. Those applying are urged to begin in advance of the May 21, 2014, deadline.

Back to Top


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National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
Upcoming Event(s)
2014 International Conference on Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence and Stalking
Seattle, WA
04/22/2014-04/24/2014

Montana Victim Advocate Academy
Missoula, MT
06/15/2014-06/20/2014

40th National Organization for Victim Assistance (NOVA) Conference
Chicago, IL
08/17/2014-08/20/2014

Online Directory of Crime Victims Services.