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Child Abuse and Sexual Abuse

  • Publications (39)
  • Resources (61)
  • Forum Discussions (5)
  • FAQs (8)
  • Funding (1)
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Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2016) OVC, 108 pages, NCJ 249210.
The 2016 NCVRW Resource Guide, released ahead of National Crime Victims’ Rights Week, April 10 to 16, highlights this year’s theme, Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope. The Guide includes user-friendly outreach tools and sample products, information on the history of victims’ rights in the United States, and practical ideas to show how serving victims and building trust restores hope and strengthens communities. The Guide is available in both English and Spanish.
Abstract | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish) | HTML (English) | HTML (Spanish)
 
2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Poster (2015) OVC, PS000030.
The 2016 NCVRW Theme Poster evokes the theme-Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope.—which underscores the importance of early intervention and victim services in establishing trust with victims, which in turn begins to restore their hope for healing and recovery. The poster is available for download in in color or black and white and can be customized by your organization before printing.
PDF (Color, 22' x 28') | PDF (Black and White, 22' x 28') | PDF (Customizable, Color) | PDF (Customizable, Black and White)
 
2015 OVC Report to the Nation, Fiscal Years 2013-2014: Building Capacity Through Research, Innovation, Technology, and Training (August 2015) OVC, Report, OVC Fact Sheets, 4 pages, NCJ 248907.
OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2013−2014. The report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938.
This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
 
Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations (June 2014) OVC, Report, 37 pages, NCJ 248527.
This report from the National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative examines federal response to adult and child victims of sexual violence in tribal nations and reports recommendations for improvement.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2014 National Report (December 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 244 pages, NCJ 248587.
This report summarizes what is known about the prevalence and incidence of juvenile victimizations, juvenile offending and the juvenile justice system.
Abstract | PDF
 
Recognizing When a Child's Injury or Illness Is Caused by Abuse (July 2014) OJJDP, Portable Guide, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, 28 pages, NCJ 243908.
This guide provides information about the many indicators of child maltreatment and abuse to help first responders and investigators differentiate between physical abuse and accidental injury.

Part Of the OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse Series Abstract | PDF
 
Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities (April 2012) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 8 pages, NCJ 235394.
This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
U.S. Attorney General's Defending Childhood Initiative: Formative Evaluation of the Phase I Demonstration Program (November 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 236563.
This report describes the nature and scope of children's exposure to violence in eight demonstration sites, describing the common and unique strategies the sites chose for addressing the problem, and drawing key lessons so that other jurisdictions seeking to address children's exposure to violence in their own communities can learn from the current evaluation of the Defending Childhood Initiative.
Abstract | PDF
 
Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse (October 2011) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 235504.
This bulletin focuses on polyvictimization, which is defined as having experienced multiple victimization of different kinds, such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence.

Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Nov 17 2015 at 2:00PM, Geri Wisner, Tribal Prosecutor for the Pawnee Nation and Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma, and Sarah Collins, Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of South Dakota, hosted a discussion on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Indian Country

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Apr 15 2014 at 2:00PM, Sally Laskey, Director of Special Projects for the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, and Chris Newlin, M.S., L.P.C., Executive Director of the National Children’s Advocacy Center, hosted a discussion on CACs and SARTs Partnering for Sexual Violence Victims

On Feb 25 2014 at 2:00PM, Jennifer Stith, Executive Director of WINGS Foundation, Inc, and Dr Sheri Vanino, PsyD, licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in working with victims of trauma and sexual assault, hosted a discussion on Serving Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


How do I report child pornography?
To report child pornography and/or potential cases involving the sexual exploitation of children, co... Read More

To whom can I report child abuse?
Each state designates specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse ... Read More

How can I recognize the signs associated with child abuse and neglect?
You can learn about the signs associated with child abuse and neglect by viewing the Child Welfare I... Read More

How many children are sexually abused in the United States?
Child sexual abuse statistics are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' annual C... Read More

Where can I locate statistics on child abuse and neglect in the United States?
Statistics on child abuse and neglect are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' ... Read More

More FAQs

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


FY 2016 A Pathway to Justice, Healing and Hope: Addressing Polyvictimization in a Family Justice Center Setting Demonstration Initiative (PDF 361 kb)
Deadline: 06/27/2016
OVC will make awards under two purpose areas to develop a special polyvictimization initiative within Family Justice Centers (FJC) and other co-located domestic violence and sexual assault service centers. Under Purpose Area #1, OVC will make up to six awards of up to $666,666 each to demonstration sites to create and offer a specialized polyvictimization screening tool for both adults and children receiving services at the FJC followed by the provision of the wide range of services needed to address a survivor's full history of current and past traumas. The initiative may require the identification of new on-site and/or off-site partners to deliver the full range of services needed. Under Purpose Area #2, OVC will make one award of up to $1 million to an organization to provide comprehensive technical assistance to the demonstration sites. Applicants are urged to begin in advance of the June 27, 2016, deadline.

More Funding Opportunities

Child abuse and neglect occur when a parent, caretaker, or another person in a custodial role (e.g., clergy, coach, teacher) acts, or fails to act, in a manner that results in the death, serious physical or emotional harm, or sexual abuse or exploitation of a child; or that presents an imminent risk of serious harm to a child.

Each year, April is designated as National Child Abuse Prevention Month, a time for raising awareness about child abuse and neglect. To learn more about the Justice Department’s current efforts related to children exposed to violence, including victims of child abuse, visit the Defending Childhood Web site.


Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2016) OVC, 108 pages, NCJ 249210. The 2016 NCVRW Resource Guide, released ahead of National Crime Victims’ Rights Week, April 10 to 16, highlights this year’s theme, Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope. The Guide includes user-friendly outreach tools and sample products, information on the history of victims’ rights in the United States, and practical ideas to show how serving victims and building trust restores hope and strengthens communities. The Guide is available in both English and Spanish.
Abstract | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish) | HTML (English) | HTML (Spanish)
 
2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Poster (2015) OVC, PS000030. The 2016 NCVRW Theme Poster evokes the theme-Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope.—which underscores the importance of early intervention and victim services in establishing trust with victims, which in turn begins to restore their hope for healing and recovery. The poster is available for download in in color or black and white and can be customized by your organization before printing.
PDF (Color, 22' x 28') | PDF (Black and White, 22' x 28') | PDF (Customizable, Color) | PDF (Customizable, Black and White)
 
2015 OVC Report to the Nation, Fiscal Years 2013-2014: Building Capacity Through Research, Innovation, Technology, and Training (August 2015) OVC, Report, OVC Fact Sheets, 4 pages, NCJ 248907. OVC's Report to the Nation summarizes the progress made in upholding crime victims' rights and providing high-quality services to victims, survivors, and communities during fiscal years 2013−2014. The report highlights innovative programs and victim-centered initiatives, summarizes financial support to states and U.S. territories, and provides insight into OVC's strategic efforts to address both emerging and enduring challenges in order to expand and enhance victim assistance throughout the Nation.
Abstract | HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
 
Through Our Eyes: Children, Violence, and Trauma DVD (April 2015) OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 239938. This video series addresses the needs of children exposed to crime, abuse, and violence; highlights major issues in child victimization; identifies promising practices for service providers and others working with young victims; and shows how trauma-informed care can help child victims recover to lead healthy, productive lives. Online only companion resource guides accompany each video.
Abstract | HTML
 
Report to the U.S. Attorney General on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Tribal Nations: Issues and Recommendations (June 2014) OVC, Report, 37 pages, NCJ 248527. This report from the National Coordination Committee on the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative examines federal response to adult and child victims of sexual violence in tribal nations and reports recommendations for improvement.
Abstract | PDF
 

OJP Publications

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2014 National Report (December 2014) OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 244 pages, NCJ 248587. This report summarizes what is known about the prevalence and incidence of juvenile victimizations, juvenile offending and the juvenile justice system.
Abstract | PDF
 
Recognizing When a Child's Injury or Illness Is Caused by Abuse (July 2014) OJJDP, Portable Guide, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, 28 pages, NCJ 243908. This guide provides information about the many indicators of child maltreatment and abuse to help first responders and investigators differentiate between physical abuse and accidental injury.
Part Of the OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse Series
Abstract | PDF
 
Child and Youth Victimization Known to Police, School, and Medical Authorities (April 2012) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 8 pages, NCJ 235394. This bulletin presents survey results from the National Survey of Children's Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV) regarding authorities' knowledge of victimization incidents involving children and youth, particularly police, school, and medical authorities.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 
U.S. Attorney General's Defending Childhood Initiative: Formative Evaluation of the Phase I Demonstration Program (November 2011) NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 16 pages, NCJ 236563. This report describes the nature and scope of children's exposure to violence in eight demonstration sites, describing the common and unique strategies the sites chose for addressing the problem, and drawing key lessons so that other jurisdictions seeking to address children's exposure to violence in their own communities can learn from the current evaluation of the Defending Childhood Initiative.
Abstract | PDF
 
Polyvictimization: Children's Exposure to Multiple Types of Violence, Crime, and Abuse (October 2011) OJJDP, Bulletin, OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series, 12 pages, NCJ 235504. This bulletin focuses on polyvictimization, which is defined as having experienced multiple victimization of different kinds, such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying, and exposure to family violence.
Part Of the OJJDP National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence Series Series
Abstract | PDF | HTML (EPUB) | HTML (MOBI)
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

ChildVictimWeb
ChildVictimWeb is a free online training resource designed for professionals from all disciplines who work with children who have experienced or witnessed serious violence. This course describes the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of victimization often experienced in childhood, their psychological, behavioral, social, and health consequences, and implications for practice. Assessment strategies, an evidence-based approach to treatment planning, trauma-informed case management skills, and information about evidence supported treatments are presented.
 
Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN)
RAINN operates a 24-hour telephone hotline (1-800-656-HOPE) and an Online Hotline for victims of sexual assault. The secure web-based hotline provides a safe, secure, and anonymous place for victims to get help online. RAINN also works to promote education and prevention of sexual assault, compiles and shares links to Legal Resources, including the State Mandatory Regulations regarding children and the elderly.
 

Federal Resources

Administration for Children and Families
ACF promotes the economic and social well-being of families, children, individuals, and communities. Through its Children's Bureau, ACF assists states in the delivery of child welfare services. Its Web site presents related initiatives, statistics, ACF programs, funding, and information systems.
 
Child Welfare Information Gateway: State Statutes Search
Child Welfare Information Gateway provides a searchable database of State Statutes on issues related to child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.
 
CrimeSolutions.gov
CrimeSolutions.gov is a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics, including victim assistance programs; corrections; courts; crime prevention; substance abuse; juveniles; law enforcement; and technology and forensics. The site is a tool to understand, access and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Violent Crimes Against Children
This FBI program's mission is to: decrease the vulnerability of children to sexual exploitation; develop a nationwide capacity to provide a rapid, effective, and measured investigative response to crimes against children; and enhance the capabilities of state and local law enforcement investigators through programs, investigative assistance, and task force operations. The program's strategy involves using multi-disciplinary and multi-agency teams to investigate and prosecute crimes that cross legal, geographical, and jurisdictional boundaries; promoting and enhancing interagency sharing of intelligence, specialized skills, and services; and widely offering our victim/witness services.
 
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP): Statistical Briefing Book (SBB)
The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP's Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system. Developed for OJJDP by the National Center for Juvenile Justice, SBB provides timely and reliable statistical answers to the most frequently asked questions from policymakers, the media, and the general public. In addition, the data analysis and dissemination tools available through SBB give users quick and easy access to detailed statistics on a variety of juvenile justice topics.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

Adult Survivors of Child Abuse (ASCA)
ASCA helps survivors of child abuse transform their self-identities from that of victim to that of survivor and, ultimately, thriver. The site includes resource materials and guidelines for establishing ASCA support networks.
 
American Humane Association (AHA) Children's Division
AHA works to protect children and animals from cruelty, abuse, and neglect. In addition to holding training conferences, AHA operates the National Resource Center on the Link Between Violence to People and Animals.
 
Child Abuse Prevention Association (CAPA)
CAPA's mission is to prevent and treat all forms of child abuse by creating changes in individuals, families and society that strengthen relationships and promote healing.
 
Childhelp
Childhelp® is dedicated to the treatment and prevention of child abuse. The Web site includes information on nationwide facilities, helpful links, Childhelp programs, the National Child Abuse Hotline (1-800-4-A-CHILD), and child abuse reports.
 
National Council on Child Abuse and Family Violence (NCCAFV)
NCCAFV provides intergenerational violence prevention services by bringing together community and national stakeholders, professionals and volunteers to prevent family violence, child abuse and neglect, spouse/partner abuse, and elder abuse.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Nov 17 2015 at 2:00PM, Geri Wisner, Tribal Prosecutor for the Pawnee Nation and Wyandotte Tribe of Oklahoma, and Sarah Collins, Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of South Dakota, hosted a discussion on Improving Federal Agency Response to Sexual Violence in Indian Country

On Apr 22 2015 at 2:00PM, Teresa Huizar, Executive Director of National Children's Alliance, and Rebecca Khalil, J.D., staff attorney with the National Crime Victim Law Institute, hosted a discussion on Child Victims: Providing Effective Rights Enforcement Representation

On Apr 23 2014 at 2:00PM, Dr David Corwin, President of the Academy on Violence and Abuse, Professor in Pediatrics Department at University of Utah, and Dr James Henry, Cofounder and Project Director for the Western Michigan University (WMU) Children's Trauma Assessment Center, hosted a discussion on Implications of Adverse Childhood Experiences for Practitioners

On Apr 15 2014 at 2:00PM, Sally Laskey, Director of Special Projects for the National Sexual Violence Resource Center, and Chris Newlin, M.S., L.P.C., Executive Director of the National Children’s Advocacy Center, hosted a discussion on CACs and SARTs Partnering for Sexual Violence Victims

On Feb 25 2014 at 2:00PM, Jennifer Stith, Executive Director of WINGS Foundation, Inc, and Dr Sheri Vanino, PsyD, licensed clinical psychologist who specializes in working with victims of trauma and sexual assault, hosted a discussion on Serving Adult Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse


FAQs

How do I report child pornography?
To report child pornography and/or potential cases involving the sexual exploitation of children, co... Read More

To whom can I report child abuse?
Each state designates specific agencies to receive and investigate reports of suspected child abuse ... Read More

How can I recognize the signs associated with child abuse and neglect?
You can learn about the signs associated with child abuse and neglect by viewing the Child Welfare I... Read More

How many children are sexually abused in the United States?
Child sexual abuse statistics are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' annual C... Read More

Where can I locate statistics on child abuse and neglect in the United States?
Statistics on child abuse and neglect are available in the Department of Health and Human Services' ... Read More

Back to Top


Funding

FY 2016 A Pathway to Justice, Healing and Hope: Addressing Polyvictimization in a Family Justice Center Setting Demonstration Initiative (PDF 361 kb)
Deadline: 06/27/2016
OVC will make awards under two purpose areas to develop a special polyvictimization initiative within Family Justice Centers (FJC) and other co-located domestic violence and sexual assault service centers. Under Purpose Area #1, OVC will make up to six awards of up to $666,666 each to demonstration sites to create and offer a specialized polyvictimization screening tool for both adults and children receiving services at the FJC followed by the provision of the wide range of services needed to address a survivor's full history of current and past traumas. The initiative may require the identification of new on-site and/or off-site partners to deliver the full range of services needed. Under Purpose Area #2, OVC will make one award of up to $1 million to an organization to provide comprehensive technical assistance to the demonstration sites. Applicants are urged to begin in advance of the June 27, 2016, deadline.

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National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
Upcoming Event(s)
2016 Crime Victim Law Conference
Portland, OR
06/10/2016-06/11/2016

2016 National Center for Victims of Crime National Training Institute
Philadelphia, PA
09/19/2016-09/21/2016

Online Directory of Crime Victims Services.