Youth Violence Prevention
Dr. Deborah Prothrow-Stith  -  2006/3/29
http://ovc.ncjrs.gov/ovcproviderforum
 
 
Dr. Prothrow-Stith I am seeing a rise in girls resorting to violence. In my past work this has been an up and down thing but what have the trends been recently and what do you account for this?
 
1.  Prothrow-Stith
 Many providers have noticed a increase in girls fighting - even at young ages. Girls' arrest rates over the 1990s rose at a time when the rates for boys declined. Girls are now about 1/3 of the juveniles arrested for violence crime. There are many factors that contribute to the rise in female violence. The one that is most compelling for me is the social cultural phenomenon of marketing violence to girls over the last couple of decades the way we have marketed it to boys or centuries. In our book, Sugar and Spice and No Longer Nice, we call it the "feminization of the superhero." Boys are still responsible for most of the violence and girls don't use guns as much as boys do; however these things can change - just as the rates of girls being arrested for violence have increased. Other risk factors, poverty, drug use, witnessing and victimization and lack of healthy opportunities at the neighborhood level apply to girls as well. Thanks DP-S
 
2.  j green
 I am a youth coordinator and I see this rising in the middle schools quite often. It's peer pressure, boy friend issues and girl jealousy that keeps this type of behavior going
 
 
I am an education coord. at a DV & SA agency. I have been educating teens for a decade now on teen dv. I see it getting worse and see the teens with little resources. I'm starting teen support groups in many of the local schools for teens experiencing DV or SA. The problem is I am not a LPC. I would merely be providing them with education & an avenue to talk & gain support. Do you have any suggestions about what you have seen work in the past, or what does not work? And do you see a problem with the fact that I am not an LPC, even if I state that up front? I really feel that this is something that has been needed for a very long time, but I want to do it in a way that benefits the teens. Thank you for any advice you may have.
 
1.  Kelly Ritzman
 I am an LPC at Rape & Domestic Abuse Center and do a group like you're describing. My group has a preventive nature in addition to the support aspect. I see work with self-esteem as one of the important aspects of the group. I don't know whether being an LPC is important or not, as you have much experience. I think it's great that someone with your passion is doing this group.
 
2.  Prothrow-Stith
 I don't think you have to be a licensed counselor to help teens prevent dating violence. You should have a referral network to offer counseling where needed. I think your strategy of small groups is a good one. There are several agencies offering curriculum materials and activities that might be helpful to you. I have listed them below: American Psychological Association 750 First Street NE Washington, D.C. 20002 800-374-2721 www.apa.org/pii/teen/contents Cool Nurse www.coolnurse.com/dating National Domestic Violence Hotline P.O. Box 161810 Austin, Tex. 78716 800-799-SAFE www.ndvh.org/teens National Center for Victims of Crime 2000 M Street NW Suite 480 Washington, D.C. 20036 800-FYI-CALL www.ncvc.org National Domestic Violence Hotline P.O. Box 161810 Austin, Tex. 78716 800-799-SAFE www.ndvh.org/teens Thank you for your work. DP-S
 
 
How do you best see school counselors in the prevention of violence? As an elementary school counselor, should my time be spent doing classroom guidance on the issue or in doing small groups where kids can discuss the violence they see daily? Gangs are actively recruiting my students.The poverty in the inner city is oppressive.
 
1.  Jon Singer
 HiConnie, Refer to my Reply to Gladstone above about using Restorative Practices in schools. In addition to the conference philosphy of bringing the affected parties of a siutation together to work towards a win-win solution, circles or check-ins at the begining and ending of the week help to learn what is going on in the classroom/school and alert you to situations that might be brewing and present opportunities for intervention.
 
2.  Mike Klee
 At least half of the lethal violence in my area (Ventura County)seems to be connected to gangs or at least gang associates. Is there any approach to preventing gangs, or gang related violence, that has been shown to be effective based on scientific evaluation?
 
3.  Randi
 It might also be helpful for you to train the teachers in your school and ask them to add some activities to the curriculum once a week. They might be a little resistant at first, but once they see how effective the activities are and how their classrooms become calm, they will jump in with both feet. You might just have to start with one teacher, make them your "partner" and the others will come around.
 
4.  Prothrow-Stith
  Dear School Counselor, you are in a great position to help prevent school violence. I would suggest that the either - or paradigm that you pose isn't the best way to look at the situation. Both would have to be my answer, which often isn't possible because of resources - this I know. Classroom activities tend to be true prevention activities reaching a larger number of children and offering options for peaceful problem solving techniques that are not otherwise available to students. Combining that kind of prevention work with small group and individual work can be powerful. In our effort to create the PeaceZone curriculum which addresses strategies for healing as well as character building skills(available through Research Press) we included both classroom activities and counseling with individuals and small groups. We only intended to do the classroom work but the other was essential as well. Therefore planning to do classroom work enhanced by small group work would be my suggestion. Thanks for your work and all the best. DP-S
 
 
What are some ideas relating to "best practices" relating to children and young people engaging in violence where this is facilited by adults - in the context of gang activity or otherwise? Cheryl Frank, Cape Town - South Africa
 
1.  Prothrow-Stith
 What a difficult question. We run into many situations in the U.S. where parents have suggested that their children "go back outside and fight" or even accompany their child to a fight. Social norms are such that figthing is often encouraged when people are unable to imagine other solutions to a conflict. Those of us involved in violence prevention are "swimming against a tide" It is important to continue our work despite the tide. When I run across adults who encourage children to fight, I ask, "Are you trying to get him killed or have him wind up in jail?" Those are the likely outcomes from that kind of attitude. I encourage you to keep at it - we are right! Violence never really solves problems and often creates bigger ones. DP-S
 
 
1. What are some of the causes of the rise in juvenile female crime / delinquency? What kinds of services are available for female offenders and what are some similarities and differences between the kinds of services offered for male and female offenders? 2. How can we prepare for the projected rise in the juvenile population since this is the age group that is responsible for a large part of the crime in our culture?
 
1.  Prothrow-Stith
  There are many factors that contribute to the rise in female violence. The one that is most compelling for me is the social cultural phenomenon of marketing violence to girls over the last couple of decades the way we have marketed it to boys or centuries. In our book, Sugar and Spice and No Longer Nice, we call it the "feminization of the superhero." Boys are still responsible for most of the violence and girls don't use guns as much as boys do; however these things can change - just as the rates of girls being arrested for violence have increased. Other risk factors, poverty, drug use, witnessing and victimization and lack of healthy opportunities at the neighborhood level apply to girls as well. Thanks DP-S
 
 
Since so many victims and participants in youth violence are coming from a background of neglect and/or child abuse, wouldn't it make sense for Youth Violence initiatives to partner with and support Child Abuse prevention initiatives as an honest and wholistic approach? Otherwise, the cycle of violence continues unchecked.
 
1.  Emily Stafford
 I met yesterday with a multi-disciplinary group engaged in a state-wide strategic planning process regarding youth violence prevention efforts, and we discussed this issue re: intergenerational patterns of abuse/violence. Any suggestions about where/how to start in working with families of youth, attempting to change community "norms" around violence as an everyday part of life, etc.? Another member raised the issue about appearing "tough" as a survival skill in some communities, and the risky nature of appearing too "soft," empathic, or compassionate toward one's peers .. any comments about approaching that dilemma?
 
2.  Randi
 If you have time can you ellaborate on "professional classification" and what you mean by "work more easily?"
 
3.  Prothrow-Stith
 I love your question! My answer is an unequivocal yes! Breaking the cycle of violence is probably the most challenging aspect of our work. Traumatized children carry a lot of pain, guilt, anger and fear – to name a few of the emotions. While we work to make trauma go away and prevent violence so that children don’t ever have to experience this – we MUST help children handle the junk they have experienced. I have learned from family survivors of homicide that siblings who have experience the murder of a brother or sister need help healing – just as those with history of abuse and neglect. As providers and researchers, we must put an end to the convenient professional classifications of violence that allow us to more easily do our work, but continually misses the boat with true prevention and wholistic approaches. Thanks for your questions.
 
 
Hello Deborah, There is quite a bit of print that says victim-offender mediation and victim-offender dialogue must be victim centered. However, research shows that a significant number of offenders participating in victim-offender programs are less likely to commit future crimes. Therefore, youths involved in less serious offenses are less likely to escalate themselves into more violent crimes. Ergo, some attention to offenders’ accountability does seem imperative. What are your thoughts?
 
1.  CJF
 You know Jon, Restorative Justice is more than "a program." And it is certainly more than just referrals from probation departments. I hear many people talk about having "a restorative justice program" yet they haven't quite implemented the theoretical foundation of restorative justice, and do not adhere to the principles or the values. Many of these "programs" were developed as a result of available funding, and not because of policy in their local jurisdictions. They exist outside the norm, and are marginalized or compromised by this. My experience has been that once funding disappears, so do the programs, unless they are built on the foundation of restorative justice principles, which view crime as more than law breaking: Justice requires that we work to heal victims, communities and offenders who have been injured by crime; Victims, communities and offenders should have opportunities for active involvement in the justice process as early and as fully as possible, and We must re-think the relative roles and responsibilities of the government and the community. Government is responsible for preserving a just order, and the community for establishing a just peace. (Daniel VanNess) When you have integrated the philosophy into all of the work being done with victims, communities and offenders, then funding is not the primary motive for establishing "programs." Viewing crime as harm against victims and communities is the integral perspective in all restorative initiatives. While I agree with your process of asking the offender if they would be willing, the point I was making is that offenders do not drive this process. I fully understand the reluctance of victims to participate, but I also know that if there is an advocate who can work with crime victims to explain and prepare them for what to expect, victims are more likely to participate. Young offenders certainly need to understand the impact of their offenses, and in a perfect system world, would choose to participate in an attempt to repair the harm they have caused to others, and hopefully, make some positive changes in their own life in that process.
 
2.  Jon Singer
 HiCJF, Your concern about re-vitimizing victims is valid. However, without the referral of youthful offenders from Juvenile Probation, our program would not exist. Victims, on the whole, are so uniformed about Restorative Justice measures that very few (even in crimes of severe violence) step forward and say, "I want a face to face meeting with my offender." In order not to re-victimize victims, we first check with the offenders. If offenders are willing, we then offer the voluntary opportunity to the victim. If the process were reversed and the victim agrees and then the offender chooses not to (voluntary for him/her also) then the victim's desire to have his/her harm addressed is rejected and re-victimization occurs.
 
3.  CJF
 Jon, While research may show that offenders recidivism rates are declining after participating in a VOD process, it must be remembered that these processes should be victim centered, victim focused and victim initiated. Offenders should not be the ones initiating or driving the process, that is a decision for the victim(s) to make. VOD can be offered to an offender, and they can choose to accept or not, but it is the crime victim who initiates VOD. This requires intensive pre-VOD work with both stakeholders to ensure that there is no further harm done. While offender accountability is part of the triad of restorative justice goals, restorative practices should not become tools for offenders to feel better, but for victims to have an opportunity to meet with the offender, and to have the harm repaired to the degree possible. It is not the system, or the offenders decision on what that should include. You might want to read some of Anne Seymour or Trudy Gregorie's work around RJ and crime victims to see it from that perspective.
 
4.  Prothrow-Stith
 Hello Jon, I appreciate you sentiments and agree. Breaking the cycle of violence often means realizing that offenders are in many cases also victims. The earlier we recognize this the earlier we can offer healing strategies that may prevent future episodes of violence. Public health providers have an opportunity to reach out to offenders because we are not responsible for blame and punishment and can focus in on prevention. I have learned quite a bit about restorative justice and am inlcined in that direction because of its impact on offenders and victims. If we could apply restorative justice principles to elementary schools - we might really be able to help schools with discipline, help some children with their need for healing and prevent violence. Hopefully, more work will be done in this area. Thanks DP-S
 
 
Today's youth are getting confused by all the mixed signals that our society sends regarding healthy/unhealthy sexual choices. We see more juvenile offenders causing sexual harm to other kids and teens, yet it's rarely reported and we are not intervening as effectively as we should in order to help our young people (victims, victimizers and bystanders). What do you think we can do as parents, professionals, educators, etc.?
 
1.  Randi
 It cannot be the sole responsibility of the industry. Parents must watch what their children are doing. The store must not sell inappropriate products to children. When you focus on just one section of the problem you really not addressing the problem at all.
 
2.  Prothrow-Stith
 I share your concern and often I share the confusion our teens experience. The mixed signals are very much a part of the entertainment media. Sex and violence and the intersection of the two are common themes in movies, video games, magazines, and television. I think we should approach the media the way we approached the tobacco industry. It is pretty clear that the messages are damaging to our children. In addition to clear messages to inform parents, liability issues must be raised. If the products are not for children (as the industry representatives often indicate), it is their responsibility to help keep them out of the hands of children. Thanks for your work. DP-S
 
3.  Emily Stafford
 When I read your comment, the first thing that came to mind involves the importance of teaching critical thinking skills--specifically in the form of media literacy education--to our children. Because the messages that they are constantly bombarded with through the media are often so unhealthy and not consistent with reality, they need to be able to dissect and analyze these messages and the motivation behind them.. . learn to see them for what they are . . and better be able to make informed choices for themselves. I think that media literacy education for students is imperative, these days. Anyone agree?
 
 
Gang activity continues to be a major cause of violence amongst youth, and in recent years has even been documented by prominent researchers as such. Yet prevention practioneers, government officials, and even academicians have not come out and strongly spoken about the need to work to prevent youth from becoming involved in gang activity in the first place. The gang culture has premeated our youth culture and has even to an extent become culturally accepted and embraced. (the baggy/saggy pants look, youth with bald heads and pretty much dressing in the gang look) It is almost as if we are afraid to take a stance against this "gang-culture" that in essence promotes anti-social activity and violence. Can you please comment on this?
 
1.  Randi
 You must keep in mind that just because someone dress with "baggy pants" or has a "bald head" means that they are 1) in a gang, 2) want to be in a gang or 3) engage in anit-soical activities. For many urban people this is just how they dress at home and how they are comfortable. It is also not true that society has excepted gangs as a normal part of life in America, and we taken a strong stance against this form of community. I don't know where you are from, but I would look into you local Boys & Girls Clubs, any community coalition in your area, and any other resources that you have around. Research has shown that gang prevention must come from a local level and that is the only way to affect change.
 
 
Do you think the Boston Streetworker model can and should be used in cities were there is a youth violence issue? Understanding that youth violence and or violence is a health issue, should best practices include street outreach, court advocacy, peer-mediation, life skills training and job training?
 
1.  Hewitt Joyner
  The Streetworker model is: To work with high-risk gang involved youth by providing resources and advocacy. Streetworkers worked in the public school system, then worked with the same youth in the schools but now on the streets. Home visits, job training and life skills were performed daily. Coordination with the police department/gang unit along with the probation department was important to keeping the gang involved youth on track.
 
2.  Mike Klee
 A year after the Boston project came into national prominance, I met the Police Lieutenant who worked it it. He spoke very strongly about the fact that although the streetworker side of the project had recieved less publicity than the enforcement side, it had contributed just as much to the success. The streetworkers were very effective at pointing out which subjects were ready to change so that job, school and rehab. resources could be allocated effectively. I really have not seen a lethal violence prevention project that has been successful that has not included referrals to social interventions.
 
3.  Prothrow-Stith
 Streetworkers were a significant part of the success we had in Boston with reducing youth violence. Their work is a model for other cities and for Boston as well. We are trying to rejuvenate our efforts here in face of increasing rates and that means getting the streetworkers back out in large numbers. It seems that a key component of the street workers effectiveness was their collaboration with clergy and police, while maintaining their autonomy and capacity to work authentically with teens. DP-S
 
4.  Danielle Gworek
 COuld you pleae explain what the boston streetworker model is as I am unfamiliar with it. Thanks
 
 
I have read that program that work to prevent juvnile delinquency are only effective if they include the parents within the program model. What is your opinion on this?
 
1.  Prothrow-Stith
 There is a consistent effort to include parents in programmatic activities, whether they are school or community based. I think this represents an understanding of family dynamics and influences. Peer models are important for teen programs for the same reasons. I have seen programs with only moderate success reaching parents that, nevertheless, have had a positive impact on students, classrooms and schools. Also, the impact of children on their parents is noteworthy. I know of situations where parents stopped smoking only after children came home from school and asked them to. However, if parents are involved in programs, they seem to have greater impact. Thanks DP-S
 
2.  Danielle
 As a school counselor at a school that specializes in emotionall disturbed children and juvenile offenders, parent involvement is a major key in a students success. If the family is unwilling to make changes or follow a program the student has a decreased chance of success when they are out of our care.
 
3.  Randi
 I agree. If you only work with the youth and then they return back to a house were violence is accepted, encouraged and the norm it is like you just spent three hours just spinning you tires in mud.
 
 
Are there any anti-violence curriculum for youth dealing specifically with sexual violence you might recommend/or have worked with?
 
 
As an advocate for a dv sa shelter how can I reach out the younger generation before things are to late? Thank you.
 
1.  J Shea
 Empowering teens to create messages for their peers and younger children is great strategy. Youth are often more willing to listen to their peers, and other the teens become positve role models. I work with the National Crime Prevention Council and the National Center for Victims of Crime on the Youth Outreach for Victim Assistance Project. Youth and adults in communities across the US are working together to raise awareness of dating violence. They have done presentations, created brochures and billboards, and hosted events to educate youth on this issue with great success. YOVA produced a resource, "Reaching and Serving Teen Victims," designed to give victim service providers ideas for reaching, engaging, and helping teen victims of crime. The publication is free and may give you some ideas.
 
2.  Prothrow-Stith
 I have started working with pre-schools because gender equity issues and violence prevention skills must be taught early. I think shelters have a unique oppotunity when working with abused women who have children. They can offer the children healing strategies and skills to prevent violence. Breaking the cycle of violence requires using this opportunity. Many shelters do not accept women with male children older than 10 years. I think that is truly a missed opportunity, as these boys need both healing and violence prevention strategies. Thanks for your work. DP-S
 
3.  Kelly Ritzman
 Our agency works with local schools to provide education about dv and sa. It helps to expose even children to the warning signs and let them (and their families) know there are resources out there to help victims and perpetrators. We do most of the education to older students, though. It helps when students are dating or beginning dating to know what to look for and what to expect (respect, at a minimum) in relationships.
 
 
Are you aware of an interactive curriculum available to provide youth with effective ways in preventing violence within their peer groups, neighborhoods, and communtiy? For example, in helping not escalate an emotional issue between two youth.
 
1.  Judy
 You may also want to research radKIDS, Inc. (www.radkids.org)
 
2.  Prothrow-Stith
 There are several programs that come to mind, many with positive evaluations. Research Press, Educational Development Center, the Centers for Disease Control and the U.S. OJJDP all offer lists and materials. I am author of the Violence Preveniton Curriculum for Adolescents and a recent curriculum PeaceZone. Aggressors, Victims and Bystanders, Second Step, Resolving Conflict Creatively come to mind as well. In addition, there are anti-bullying programs that have been used effectively. I would suggest visiting the websites of the publishers and agencies I mentioned. Another resource of interest is SAVE, Students Against Violence Everywhere which focuses on youth leadership and has chapters across the country. I hope this is helpful. DP-S
 
 
I found a funding source which will provide $10,000 for teen violence prevention in our inner city neighborhood of Detroit. The program must reach 1,000 youth in 9 months. What would be the most effective use of this money?
 
1.  Prothrow-Stith
 This is a challenging question. In order to meet the goals, you will need to use the $10,000 to leverage other resources. Mass communication strategies come to mind because of the capacity to reach large numbers. Perhaps you could organize some youth to plan and host an event with partners from schools and health and human services. Starting with a large high school and using the grant to leverage its resources to implement a school-wide program and event might allow you to meet the objective required. Another option is to offer a stipend to a group (25 or so) of teens to train in violence prevention and help implement a school-based intervention over the course of the school year. Whatever you choose, I would suggest a focus on youth leadership and definitely get the input of teens. All the best with that difficult decision. DP-s
 
 
What do you see as the role of youth in the movement to end youth violence? How have you worked to develop leadership amongst the youth?
 
 
Implementing diverse youth violence prevention services to schools is difficult--getting administration, staff, students, and parents buy-in is crucial--but there is resistance due to time barriers and willingness to admit presence of youth violence. Any advice on how to reduce barriers and implement diverse services across a school system (as opposed to just one school)?
 
 
2 miles from my college office there is a maximum security juveile justice facility; it is staffed by some of our students. Yet, I cannot help but feel that many believe academics and service providers have little to offer each other. How pervasive do you think that belief is? (Dan Phillips in Kentucky)
 
 
Have you had experience with "Second Step" as a skill building, anti-violence, civility producing product? If yes, how would you rate it?
 
 
Dear Dr. Prothrow-Stith, More and more I hear from parents of special needs children about their children's experiences at school with being the targets of physical aggression, verbal taunting, and exclusion. Do you know of any violence prevention curricula/programs that provide a focus for schools (teachers/admin) on issues facing the special needs population?
 
 
I'm a criminal defense lawyer. By the time I meet my clients, they're already in trouble, if not committed to a life of trouble. There are diversion programs seeking to rehabilitate these offenders. Aside from seeking to place my clients in such programs, what can I do to keep adolescents from becoming defendants?
 
 
How important do you think language plays in preventing youth violence? In my work with juvenile offenders I have seen that the language they use is laden with remarks about violence, even before they result to violent acts. For example, rather than stating, "I am angry with Joe," they say, "I'm going to kill Joe." Could prevention start with redirecting this type of language?
 
 
Many who are incarcerated have been abused as children, and home visiting programs have shown success in reducing child abuse. For instance, in Sacramento a program using AmeriCorps members as home visitors is associated with a high reduction in child abuse reports. Can you comment on the relationships between child abuse prevention efforts (home visiting and others), child abuse, and youth violence, and what recommendations you might make in this area?
 
 
There seems to be little effort and resource spent on prevention in the area of domestic violence and sexual assault. We're trying to change that here in our community. One effort will be starting a Prevention Committee and the development of a prevention plan. Initially, we would like it to focus on changing culture and changing the minds of policy makers. Any advice for us as we begin this? Thank you.
 
 
As a Certified Gang Counselor, I find that participation in gangs is one way for youth to "be a part of" and represents family, friends, etc. However, we, as adults, fail to adequately inform them of the dangers of gang activity and the pitfalls that await them if they participate. How can we provide more information to these youth about the perils of gang activity in order to raise their expectations for themselves?
 
1.  WaW
 I feel the controlers of mass media must develop hip programing that de- glorifies gang, playa, and drug lifestyles. The pitfalls of these choices must be as effective as the current negative exposure. This may effect the young kids before they are face to face with these life changing decisions.
 
2.  Will Elliott
 I suggest using real life examples. A common phrase that I hear from youth is "Keep It Real" so lets use their advice. I am currently developing a curriculum called "T.H.U.G.S" which is an acronym for Teens Helping To unite the Gangs of Syracuse. One of the foundations is having them meet with past and present gang members who acknowledges the positives but accentuates the negatives of gang involvement. Gang involvement addresses alot of needs both physically and emotionally indeed, but alternatives to getting those needs met should also be explored. Its been my experience that given the same opportunity and support systems that gangs provide, most youth will comply and/or oblige.
 
 
What is your opinion regarding emotional and psychological abuse and what would be a possible solution to bring “Experts” attention to protect youth and children when it is “very difficult “ to present evidence during this kind of abuse?
 
 
Can you tell me more about peacezones and where I can get the best practice youth violence prevention curriculum to use in the classroom? Thanks
 
 
Hello there, As a school administrator I try to get the parents involved in the dialogue surrounding their children’s behaviour especially when they are hitting each other. When I call parents, some are quite willing to engage in conversation and together we come to a solution pertaining to the same. However, some parents are not willing and want me to deal with the infraction without their in-put. Others do not want any in-put but tell me that they have told their children that if someone hits them that they are to hit them back. At our site, we tell the children to tell a teacher if someone has hit them. What strategy would you encourage? Gladstone Thompson
 
1.  Jon Singer
 Hello Gladstone, I would like to suggest that you consider adopting Restorative Justice principles in the school, which I call Restorative Practices; "Manage every incident in the appropriate way not in a prescribed manner." Whether or not the parents wish to participate, staff and teachers can learn to have conferences with the victim and offender(and parents who so choose)to resolve issues around the offending behavior and work towards a win-win situation for the future. What's key is including the offender in addressing the harm to make him/her part of the solution rather than heaping punishment on top of an already bad situation.
 
 
Do you believe that mentally ill delinquents are being lost in traditional juvenile justice facilities? Do we need to do a better job getting many ill youth out of juvenile justice facilities and into mental health facilities? I have read a great deal of Meda Chesney-Lind's work on the subject
 
 
How do we begin getting communities, and public health agencies, to view violence as a public health issue, rather than just a criminal or juvenile justice issue? It seems to me that responding to violence with primary, secondary and tertiary approaches allows for more emphasis to be placed on prevention and intervention as opposed to just incarceration.
 
 
Would you recommend victims and/or perpetrators of youth violence be partnered along with those disciplined in preventing youth violence as far as training and/or facilitation? I read that support and opportunities is one of the major foundations for advancing youth development which in turn counters youth violence. Secondly, It has been my experience that those most affected by youth violence are a little less reluctant to "open up" to someone who can relate and can realistically show them that change is possible.
 
 
My transitional housing for adults programn is interested in starting effective youth programming. What advice might you have?
 
 
I am the Education Specialist for a women's center in The Woodlands, TX and I go to schools talking to students about Sexual Assault/Sexual Harassment and Healthy Relationships. Do you know of any organizations where we can get current videos of media to share with these students (6-12 grade)?
 
Return to Discussion