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Justice for Victims. Justice for All
If you or someone you know is in immediate danger, call 911. For more resources, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 888-373-7888.

RESOURCES & RESEARCH

Federal Government Resources

In addition to the Office for Victims of Crime, many federal government agencies are working to combat human trafficking.

Federal Agencies with an anti-trafficking mission (2014)
Description of the Chart

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Prepared by the Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center

U.S. Department of Justice

  • Bureau of Justice Assistance
    The Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, develops training for law enforcement and communities to identify trafficking in persons and funds task forces based on a sound strategy of collaboration among state and local enforcement, trafficking victim service providers, federal law enforcement, and U.S. Attorneys’ Offices.
  • Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section
    The Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section (CEOS) works to combat incidences of child exploitation and trafficking of women and children. Issues under the CEOS umbrella include child pornography, illegal interstate or international transportation of women and children, international parental abduction, computer-related exploitation of children, and child victimization on federal and Indian lands.
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation
    The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is responsible for investigating human trafficking. The FBI also runs the Innocence Lost Initiative, focusing on sex trafficking of children within the United States.
  • Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit
    The U.S. Department of Justice’s Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit works closely with Assistant United States Attorneys and law enforcement agencies to streamline fast-moving trafficking investigations, ensure consistent application of trafficking statutes, and identify multijurisdictional trafficking networks.
  • National Institute of Justice
    The National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, funds research on human trafficking in the United States and around the world.
  • Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
    The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, implements a number of training and capacity-building initiatives related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children and funds the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Forces, which investigate Internet-related crimes of child pornography and enticement.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

  • Administration for Children & Families
    The Administration for Children and Families (ACF) is committed to ensuring that victims of all forms of human trafficking – adults and children; foreign nationals, U.S. citizens, and lawful permanent residents; survivors of labor and commercial sexual exploitation – have access to the support they need to foster health and well-being. 
  • Runaway and Homeless Youth Program
    Through the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, the Family and Youth Services Bureau, Administration of Children & Families, supports street outreach, emergency shelters, and longer-term transitional living and maternity group home programs to serve and protect these young people.
  • The Family Violence Prevention and Services Program
    The Family Violence Prevention and Services Program of the Family and Youth Services Bureau, at the Administration of Children & Families, administers the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act, the primary federal funding stream dedicated to the support of emergency shelter and related assistance for victims of domestic violence and their children.
  • Office of Refugee Resettlement
    The Office of Refugee Settlement (ORR), at the Administration of Children & Families, helps refugees and other special populations, such as adult victims of severe forms of trafficking, obtain economic and social self-sufficiency in the United States. ORR is responsible for certifying adult victims of human trafficking so that they may receive federally funded benefits and services to the same extent as refugees. ORR manages the Campaign to Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking—a public awareness Web site to combat human trafficking—and supports the National Human Trafficking Hotline—a referral hotline that connects victims with programs in their local area.

U.S. Department of State

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

  • Blue Campaign
    The Blue Campaign provides information on training and outreach, how traffickers operate, and victim assistance to help keep the public informed.
  • U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
    U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services adjudicates applications for T and U visas, which are available to foreign national victims of trafficking. Lawyers and advocates may check on the status of an already submitted case by calling the Violence Against Women Act Unit Helpline at 802-527-4888.

U.S. Department of Defense

  • Combating Trafficking in Persons
    The Combating Trafficking in Persons Program Office establishes policy and ensures that the services, combatant commands, and defense agencies have the necessary tools to prevent trafficking.

U.S. Department of Labor

  • Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking
    The Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking publishes reports on international child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking and provides funding to combat international child labor.
  • Wage and Hour Division
    The Wage and Hour Division enforces federal labor laws including the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers Protection Act and assists with human trafficking investigations involving the violation of these laws.
Publications & Products

2015 OVC Report to the Nation, Fiscal Years 2013-2014, Office for Victims of Crime, August 2015

Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Fiscal Year 2015, Office of the Attorney General, June 2016

Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Fiscal Year 2014, Office of the Attorney General, December 2015

Combating Child Sex Trafficking: A Guide for Law Enforcement Leaders, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2016

Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, 2013

Coordination, Collaboration, Capacity: Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking, 2013-2017, President’s Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, January 2014

Estimating the Size and Structure of the Underground Commercial Sex Economy in Eight Major US Cities, National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2014

Evaluation of Strategies to Stabilize and Integrate Adult Survivors of Human Trafficking to the United States, National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2016

Faces of Human Trafficking, Office for Victims of Crime, January 2016

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States: Fiscal Years 2013-2014 Status Report, Office for Victims of Crime, July 2015

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States: Fiscal Year 2015 Status Report, Administration for Children and Families, November 2016

Federal Strategic Action Plan on Services for Victims of Human Trafficking in the United States: Fiscal Year 2016 Status Report, Office for Victims of Crime, August 2017

A Healing Journey for Alaska Natives, Office for Victims of Crime, October 2016

Human Trafficking Task Force e-Guide, Office for Victims of Crime and Bureau of Justice Assistance, October 2014

Indicators of Labor Trafficking Among North Carolina Migrant Farmworkers, National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 2013

Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-sponsored, June 2015

National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking, U.S. Department of Justice, January 2017

Office for Victims of Crime Snapshot Report: Data Summary From OVC’s Trafficking Information Management System (TIMS), January 1 through December 31, 2012, Office for Victims of Crime, March 2016

Office for Victims of Crime TIMS Snapshot Report, July 2015–June 2016: Comprehensive Services for All Victims of Human Trafficking Program, Office for Victims of Crime, September 2017

Office for Victims of Crime TIMS Snapshot Report, July 2015–June 2016: Enhanced Collaborative Model to Combat Human Trafficking Program, Office for Victims of Crime, September 2017

Office for Victims of Crime TIMS Snapshot Report, July 2015–June 2016: Services for Victims of Human Trafficking, Office for Victims of Crime, September 2017

Office for Victims of Crime TIMS Snapshot Report, July 2015–June 2016: Specialized Services for Victims of Human Trafficking Program, Office for Victims of Crime, September 2017

Post-Conviction Advocacy for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Guide for Attorneys, (PDF 844 kb) American Bar Association, 2016

Services Available to Victims of Human Trafficking: A Resource Guide for Social Service Providers, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, May 2012

Thirty Percent of Migrant Laborers in San Diego Experience Trafficking Violations, National Institute of Justice, July 2013

Trafficking in Persons Report, 2015, U.S. Department of State, July 2015

Trafficking in Persons Report, 2016, U.S. Department of State, June 2016

Trafficking in Persons Report, 2017, U.S. Department of State, June 2017

United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking Annual Report 2016, U.S. Department of State, October 2016

Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report, Office for Victims of Crime, June 2013

Training

Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center Logo Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center
The Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC) provides comprehensive training, technical assistance, and other support to assist the victim services field in building its collective capacity to serve crime victims. The following offerings pertain to human trafficking.

Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) National Training and Technical Assistance Center
The National Training and Technical Assistance Center provides law enforcement agencies with an array of tools, resources, training, and support required to meet the needs of their communities. Contact BJA NTTAC for more information on the courses offered.

OVC National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
This resource was created to help victims, victim service providers, allied professionals, and other interested individuals plan, promote, and locate events of interest to the victim service community in their area.

Related Resources

American Bar Association (ABA): Survivor Reentry Project
With support from OVC, this ABA website provides national training and technical assistance for attorneys working with survivors of human trafficking who have been convicted of a crime as a result of their victimization.

CrimeSolutions.gov
CrimeSolutions.gov is a searchable online database of evidence-based programs covering a range of justice-related topics. The site is a tool to understand, access, and integrate scientific evidence about programs into programmatic and policy decisions.

Legal Services Corporation
Legal Services Corporation (LSC) is a private, nonprofit corporation established by Congress in 1974. LSC makes grants to independent local programs across the country to provide civil legal services to Americans without considerable financial means. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act granted the LSC the responsibility to extend program services to those eligible for T and U Visas.

National Criminal Justice Reference Service
Sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) offers information on victimology and victim assistance, criminal justice, juvenile justice, and information to support research, policy, and program development worldwide. NCJRS supplies the victim services field with resources, publications, and program information. The NCJRS library collection includes more than 30,000 resources relevant to the field.

VictimLaw
VictimLaw, a comprehensive online database of federal, state, and tribal victims’ rights law, is supported by OVC. It includes victims’ rights provisions that pertain specifically to victims of human trafficking in several categories of rights that are most commonly enacted from state to state.

Grants.gov
This "one-stop storefront" provides a unified process for all customers of federal grants to find funding opportunities and apply for funding. Grants.gov provides access to all discretionary grants offered by 26 federal grant-making agencies, including the U.S. Departments of Justice, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, and Labor.