Trafficking in persons – also known as human trafficking – is tantamount to modern-day slavery. It dehumanizes and traumatizes victims while often shocking communities upon its discovery. Victims include men, women, and children, foreign-born, U.S. citizens, and lawful permanent residents who are trafficked for sex and/or labor purposes in both large cities and small towns.
The centerpiece of the U.S. Government’s efforts to eliminate trafficking in persons is the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) (Pub. L. 106-386), as amended. The TVPA enhanced the federal government’s response to trafficking in the U.S. by affording increased protections and resources for victims; creating new crime types and enhancing penalties for prosecuting trafficking offenders; and expanding the U.S. Government’s international activities to prevent victims from being trafficked.
Since 2003, OVC, with funding authorized by the TVPA, has supported the development and enhancement of programs designed to provide a comprehensive array of culturally competent services to victims of human trafficking. This includes partnering with DOJ’s Bureau of Justice Assistance to support a multi-disciplinary anti-human task force model to assist communities identify, rescue, and restore victims of human trafficking.
Learn more about OVC’s and OJP’s efforts to address trafficking in persons in the United States.
The following resources highlight available victim assistance services, educational materials, research findings, and more.