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Terrorism and Mass Violence

  • Publications (31)
  • Resources (19)
  • Forum Discussions (3)
  • FAQs (36)
  • Funding (2)
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The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2016) OVC, 108 pages, NCJ 249210.
The 2016 NCVRW Resource Guide, released ahead of National Crime Victims’ Rights Week, April 10 to 16, highlights this year’s theme, Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope. The Guide includes user-friendly outreach tools and sample products, information on the history of victims’ rights in the United States, and practical ideas to show how serving victims and building trust restores hope and strengthens communities. The Guide is available in both English and Spanish.
Abstract | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish) | HTML (English) | HTML (Spanish)
 
Helping Victims of Mass Violence & Terrorism Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources Web Training Series Summary Report (August 2016) OVC, 2 pages, NCJ 250176.
This summary report provides information about a training series to introduce the Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources Toolkit. Presenters highlighted the Family Assistance Center Victim Assistance Protocol to take participants through the Partnerships and Planning, Response, and Recovery components of the toolkit. Included in this report is a link to view one of the recorded trainings.
PDF
 
International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP) Brochure (February 2016) OVC, NCJ 249058.
This brochure describes the International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), which is authorized by Congress to reimburse eligible direct victims of acts of international terrorism that occur outside the United States for expenses associated with that victimization. It includes a list of the expenses that are eligible for reimbursement; explains the difference between itemized, interim emergency, and supplemental applications; and provides deadlines for filing a claim.
PDF
 
2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Poster (2015) OVC, PS000030.
The 2016 NCVRW Theme Poster evokes the theme-Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope.—which underscores the importance of early intervention and victim services in establishing trust with victims, which in turn begins to restore their hope for healing and recovery. The poster is available for download in in color or black and white and can be customized by your organization before printing.
PDF (Color, 22' x 28') | PDF (Black and White, 22' x 28') | PDF (Customizable, Color) | PDF (Customizable, Black and White)
 
Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources (August 2015) OVC, NCJ 248647.
This toolkit is designed to help communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. OVC created this product in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Office for Victim Assistance and DOJ's Office of Justice for Victims of Overseas Terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
 

OJP Publications

Mental Health Response to Mass Violence and Terrorism: A Field Guide (2005) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 38 pages, NCJ 205452.
This guide is intended for service providers and professionals in the mental health field providing the basics in responding and assisting those victims and families during the aftermath of mass violence and terrorism.
Abstract | PDF
 
Mental Health Response to Mass Violence and Terrorism: A Training Manual (January 2004) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Report, 192 pages, NCJ 205451.
This training manual provides guidance for developing and implementing training that will prepare mental health and crime-victim service providers with the knowledge and skill to help victims, survivors, and the community-at-large cope with and recover from terrorist and other events that involve mass violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Handbook on Justice for Victims (1999) UNCCPCJ, 132 pages, NCJ 179083.
In May 1996, the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its fifth session, adopted a resolution to develop a manual or manuals on the use and application of the Declaration. The Handbook on Justice for Victims was developed in response to that resolution and outlines the basic steps in developing comprehensive assistance services for victims of crime.
Abstract | PDF
 

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The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Oct 15 2015 at 2:00PM, Krista Flannigan, J.D., director, Institute for Crime Victim Research and Policy at Florida State University, and Herman Millholland, founder of the consulting firm Millholland and Associates, hosted a discussion on Lessons Learned From Mass Violence

On May 29 2007 at 2:00PM, Stephanie Frogge, Director of Survivor Services for the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, and Helga West, Cofounder and President of Witness Justice, hosted a discussion on Providing Peer Support to Disaster Survivors

On Nov 30 2005 at 2:00PM, Angela McCown, founding Victim Services Director for the Texas Department of Public Safety, hosted a discussion on Mass Violence

The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

What is the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Grant Program (AEAP)?
OVC administers the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program to assist affected jurisdictions ... Read More

I am a U.S. citizen, living in another country, and I have been a victim of terrorism. How may I obtain assistance?
Victims of international terrorism may receive reimbursement from the International Terrorism Victim... Read More

What are school-based crisis response teams?
School Crisis Response Initiative, a bulletin from the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), provides a... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

How many casualties resulted from international terrorist attacks involving United States citizens?
The most recent tally of Americans killed as a result of terrorist attacks can be found in the U.S. ... Read More

More FAQs

The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

FY 2016 Vision 21: Law Enforcement and the Communities They Serve: Supporting Collective Healing in the Wake of Harm (PDF 220 kb)
Deadline: 09/07/2016
OVC will make one award of up to $7 million to support law enforcement agencies, crime victims, and communities by developing, implementing and assessing evidence-based and trauma-informed law enforcement response strategies, protocols, and interventions which promote community engagement and healing prior to and in the wake of police-involved shootings and other high-profile incidents of violence. Strategies include responses to incidents featuring differences in race, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability or immigration status, whether the victim of the incident is a member of the community or an officer. The grantee will in turn competitively select and fund at least six law enforcement demonstration sites, provide oversight and technical assistance to them, and provide rapid response to other communities that experience law-enforcement involved shootings, death, or other crisis incidents. Apply by September 7, 2016.


FY 2016 Application Guidance for Invitation to Apply for Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program for Crime Victim Compensation and/or Assistance (PDF 275 kb)
Deadline: Open
The Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP) is a mechanism by which the Director of OVC may award supplemental crime victim compensation and assistance to respond to an act of terrorism or mass criminal violence. The criminal act has to be of sufficient magnitude that it overwhelms the affected jurisdiction’s or program’s ability to respond to the event. This is a restricted invitation because the program is intended to respond to specific cases of terrorism and mass violence. Only after OVC has consulted with an eligible organization can an application be submitted.

More Funding Opportunities

The threat of terrorism and mass violence against Americans has increased in recent years in the United States and abroad. Such acts leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. OVC develops programs and initiatives to support victims of domestic and international terrorism, as well as victims of global crimes such as international parental child abduction and tourist-targeted victimization. Through its Terrorism and International Victim Assistance Services Division, OVC offers assistance to these victims with the following programs: the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), Crime Victim Assistance Emergency Fund for Victims of Terrorism and Mass Violence (the Emergency Fund), and Victim Reunification Travel Program (VRT).

The following organizations, publications, and related resources provide additional information on the issues of terrorism and mass violence.

Publications

OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications

2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Resource Guide (2016) OVC, 108 pages, NCJ 249210. The 2016 NCVRW Resource Guide, released ahead of National Crime Victims’ Rights Week, April 10 to 16, highlights this year’s theme, Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope. The Guide includes user-friendly outreach tools and sample products, information on the history of victims’ rights in the United States, and practical ideas to show how serving victims and building trust restores hope and strengthens communities. The Guide is available in both English and Spanish.
Abstract | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish) | HTML (English) | HTML (Spanish)
 
Helping Victims of Mass Violence & Terrorism Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources Web Training Series Summary Report (August 2016) OVC, 2 pages, NCJ 250176. This summary report provides information about a training series to introduce the Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources Toolkit. Presenters highlighted the Family Assistance Center Victim Assistance Protocol to take participants through the Partnerships and Planning, Response, and Recovery components of the toolkit. Included in this report is a link to view one of the recorded trainings.
PDF
 
International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP) Brochure (February 2016) OVC, NCJ 249058. This brochure describes the International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP), which is authorized by Congress to reimburse eligible direct victims of acts of international terrorism that occur outside the United States for expenses associated with that victimization. It includes a list of the expenses that are eligible for reimbursement; explains the difference between itemized, interim emergency, and supplemental applications; and provides deadlines for filing a claim.
PDF
 
2016 National Crime Victims' Rights Week (NCVRW) Poster (2015) OVC, PS000030. The 2016 NCVRW Theme Poster evokes the theme-Serving Victims. Building Trust. Restoring Hope.—which underscores the importance of early intervention and victim services in establishing trust with victims, which in turn begins to restore their hope for healing and recovery. The poster is available for download in in color or black and white and can be customized by your organization before printing.
PDF (Color, 22' x 28') | PDF (Black and White, 22' x 28') | PDF (Customizable, Color) | PDF (Customizable, Black and White)
 
Helping Victims of Mass Violence and Terrorism: Planning, Response, Recovery, and Resources (August 2015) OVC, NCJ 248647. This toolkit is designed to help communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible. OVC created this product in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Office for Victim Assistance and DOJ's Office of Justice for Victims of Overseas Terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
 

OJP Publications

Mental Health Response to Mass Violence and Terrorism: A Field Guide (2005) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 38 pages, NCJ 205452. This guide is intended for service providers and professionals in the mental health field providing the basics in responding and assisting those victims and families during the aftermath of mass violence and terrorism.
Abstract | PDF
 
Mental Health Response to Mass Violence and Terrorism: A Training Manual (January 2004) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Report, 192 pages, NCJ 205451. This training manual provides guidance for developing and implementing training that will prepare mental health and crime-victim service providers with the knowledge and skill to help victims, survivors, and the community-at-large cope with and recover from terrorist and other events that involve mass violence.
Abstract | PDF
 
Handbook on Justice for Victims (1999) UNCCPCJ, 132 pages, NCJ 179083. In May 1996, the United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, at its fifth session, adopted a resolution to develop a manual or manuals on the use and application of the Declaration. The Handbook on Justice for Victims was developed in response to that resolution and outlines the basic steps in developing comprehensive assistance services for victims of crime.
Abstract | PDF
 

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Related Resources

OVC Funded Resources

Criminal Crisis Response Initiative (CCRI)
Funded by OVC, CCRI is a multidisciplinary training and technical assistance program designed to help communities meet the needs of the victims of an act of criminal mass victimization.
 

Federal Resources

Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS)
CMHS works in partnership with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in overseeing national efforts to provide emergency mental health services to survivors of Presidentially declared disasters.
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
The FBI is the principal investigative arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. Its mission is to protect the United States from terrorist and foreign intelligence activities; investigate violations of federal criminal law; and provide assistance to federal, state, local, and international agencies.
 
International Terrorism Victim Expense Reimbursement Program (ITVERP)
If you believe that you or someone you know has been a victim of international terrorism, help may be available. ITVERP is a program authorized by Congress to reimburse eligible direct victims of acts of international terrorism that occur outside the United States for expenses associated with that victimization.
 
Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVCTTAC)
OVC TTAC provides comprehensive, quality technical assistance and training resources to victim service providers and allied professionals. OVC TTAC can support faith-based organizations by providing conference and workshop speakers; staff and volunteer trainings; and expert, focused assistance in needs assessments, program development, and program evaluation. Faith-based organizations have requested OVC support in serving victims of crime on such issues as grief and loss, vicarious trauma, and ministering to victims of crime.
 
September 11th Victim Compensation Fund
The September 11th Victim Compensation Fund (VCF) has been reinstated and will provide compensation for any individual (or a personal representative of a deceased individual) who suffered physical harm or was killed as a result of the terrorist-related aircraft crashes of September 11, 2001, or the debris removal efforts that took place in the immediate aftermath of those crashes. On January 2, 2011, President Obama signed into law the James Zadroga 9/11 Health and Compensation Act of 2010 (P.L. 111-347) which expands the pool of applicants eligible for the Fund to include individuals who experienced injuries associated with the attacks or subsequent debris removal. The VCF site allows users to obtain a list of the kinds of documents and information needed in order to process claims; register for the VCF online, the first step in submitting your claim; fill out an online eligibility form to determine VCF eligibility; submit a claim online; and review Frequently Asked Questions.
 

Non-Governmental Resources

American Red Cross
In addition to domestic disaster relief, the American Red Cross offers compassionate services in five other areas: community services that help the needy; support and comfort for military members and their families; the collection, processing and distribution of lifesaving blood and blood products; educational programs that promote health and safety; and international relief and development programs.
 
HOPE Coalition
HOPE Coalition provides free and compassionate economic counseling to workers and families affected by disaster. Created after the September 11th attack on America and supported by many of America's leading financial institutions, HOPE Coalition is a national emergency management coalition that provides free economic counseling to workers and families affected by disaster.
 
International Crisis Group
The International Crisis Group provides analysis and advice to governments and intergovernmental bodies on the prevention and resolution of deadly conflict.
 
International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims (IRCT)
IRCT promotes and supports the rehabilitation of torture victims and works for the prevention of torture.
 
National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NOVAD)
NVOAD coordinates planning efforts by volunteer organizations responding to disaster. It provides training, leadership development, published resources, case studies, and performance critiques to participating groups.
 

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Web Forum Discussions

Each month the Nation's experts answer your questions about best practices in victim services. Below are upcoming and most recent session discussions in this topic:

On Oct 15 2015 at 2:00PM, Krista Flannigan, J.D., director, Institute for Crime Victim Research and Policy at Florida State University, and Herman Millholland, founder of the consulting firm Millholland and Associates, hosted a discussion on Lessons Learned From Mass Violence

On May 29 2007 at 2:00PM, Stephanie Frogge, Director of Survivor Services for the Tragedy Assistance Program for Survivors, and Helga West, Cofounder and President of Witness Justice, hosted a discussion on Providing Peer Support to Disaster Survivors

On Nov 30 2005 at 2:00PM, Angela McCown, founding Victim Services Director for the Texas Department of Public Safety, hosted a discussion on Mass Violence


FAQs

What is the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Grant Program (AEAP)?
OVC administers the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program to assist affected jurisdictions ... Read More

I am a U.S. citizen, living in another country, and I have been a victim of terrorism. How may I obtain assistance?
Victims of international terrorism may receive reimbursement from the International Terrorism Victim... Read More

What are school-based crisis response teams?
School Crisis Response Initiative, a bulletin from the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), provides a... Read More

How can I order OVC publications and products?
Many OVC publications and products are available in hardcopy and can be ordered from the National Cr... Read More

How many casualties resulted from international terrorist attacks involving United States citizens?
The most recent tally of Americans killed as a result of terrorist attacks can be found in the U.S. ... Read More

Back to Top


Funding

FY 2016 Vision 21: Law Enforcement and the Communities They Serve: Supporting Collective Healing in the Wake of Harm (PDF 220 kb)
Deadline: 09/07/2016
OVC will make one award of up to $7 million to support law enforcement agencies, crime victims, and communities by developing, implementing and assessing evidence-based and trauma-informed law enforcement response strategies, protocols, and interventions which promote community engagement and healing prior to and in the wake of police-involved shootings and other high-profile incidents of violence. Strategies include responses to incidents featuring differences in race, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability or immigration status, whether the victim of the incident is a member of the community or an officer. The grantee will in turn competitively select and fund at least six law enforcement demonstration sites, provide oversight and technical assistance to them, and provide rapid response to other communities that experience law-enforcement involved shootings, death, or other crisis incidents. Apply by September 7, 2016.


FY 2016 Application Guidance for Invitation to Apply for Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program for Crime Victim Compensation and/or Assistance (PDF 275 kb)
Deadline: Open
The Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP) is a mechanism by which the Director of OVC may award supplemental crime victim compensation and assistance to respond to an act of terrorism or mass criminal violence. The criminal act has to be of sufficient magnitude that it overwhelms the affected jurisdiction’s or program’s ability to respond to the event. This is a restricted invitation because the program is intended to respond to specific cases of terrorism and mass violence. Only after OVC has consulted with an eligible organization can an application be submitted.

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National Calendar of Crime Victim Assistance-Related Events
Upcoming Event(s)
2016 National Center for Victims of Crime National Training Institute
Philadelphia, PA
09/19/2016-09/21/2016

15th National Indian Nations Conference: Justice for Victims of Crime
Palm Springs, CA
12/08/2016-12/10/2016

Online Directory of Crime Victims Services.