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Publications: Courts

47 Publication(s) found.
  • OVC and OVC-Sponsored Publications (17)
  • OJP Publications (30)
  • View All (47)
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Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center Fact Sheet (April 2014)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, FS000397.
This Fact Sheet describes the services and trainings available through the OVC Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC) and how these resources can be accessed.
PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report (May 2013)
OVC, Report, 63 pages, NCJ 239957.
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand the vision and impact of the crime victim assistance field. This Final Report provides a set of findings and broad recommendations, informed by stakeholder forums and literature reviews, that form a framework for strategic, transformative change. The Final Report outlines ways the field can overcome the obstacles it faces and change how it meets victims' needs and addresses those who perpetrate crime.
Abstract | PDF (Full Report) | PDF (Summary & Recommendations) | PDF (At a Glance Fact Sheet)
Using Federal Law To Prosecute Domestic Violence Crimes in Indian Country Guide/DVD (October 2012)
OVC, OVC Videos, 40 pages, NCJ 238639.
This DVD and companion facilitator's guide provide guidance on how to successfully prosecute in federal court domestic violence offenders who commit crimes in Indian Country. The video incorporates case studies of actual prosecutions, while the guide provides an overview of relevant legal principles and key points for discussion. The materials also discuss circumstances common in tribal domestic violence prosecutions, such as offender recidivism, recanting victims, safety planning, and federal and tribal criminal justice and social service professionals working collaboratively to ensure victims' safety and community justice.
Abstract | PDF (Facilitator's Guide) | HTML | Video (WMV Video Clip) | Video (QuickTime Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Attorney General Guidelines for Victim and Witness Assistance 2011 Edition (Revised May 2012) (May 2012)
OVC, 66 pages, NCJ 235121.
These guidelines establish policy and provide guidance to be followed by U.S. Department of Justice personnel in their interactions with crime victims and witnesses. Effective October 1, 2011, these guidelines clarified DOJ's responsibilities to provide mandated rights and services enumerated in the Crime Victims’ Rights Act (CVRA) and the Victims' Rights and Restitution Act (VRRA) as well as other statutory requirements. Furthermore, the guidelines examine the unique requirements of vulnerable victims, including a recent update in May 2012 that addresses the scope of the federal child abuse reporting requirement under section 13031 of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. § 13031.
Abstract | PDF
Consumer Rights Screening Tool for Domestic Violence Advocates and Lawyers (2011)
OVC-Sponsored, Bulletin, 20 pages, NCJ 236432.
Professionals who serve domestic violence survivors must understand the consumer law problems survivors face. This screening tool provides an overview of consumer issues survivors face and discusses how to identify these issues in the course of one's client work.
Abstract | PDF
Making Restitution Real: Five Case Studies on Improving Restitution Collection (2011)
OVC-Sponsored, 140 pages, NCJ 234310.
Prepared by National Center for Victims of Crime with the support from OVC, this report provides five real-world case studies which detail efforts to improve the collection of victim restitution. This resource can be used by other jurisdictions to review and improve the policies and programs for collecting restitution.
Abstract | PDF
Responding to Elder Abuse: What Judges and Court Personnel Should Know (DVD) (August 2010)
OVC, OVC Videos, 0 pages, NCJ 223415.
This 14-minute video (NCJ 223415) is one of a series of three DVDs on elder abuse created for specific audiences. The video highlights critical issues for judges and court personnel to consider when they encounter abused, neglected, and exploited older persons participating in the judicial system. The video illustrates what judges may face in these situations, offers recommendations focused on the special needs of older abuse victims, and highlights examples of successful court-based elder abuse initiatives.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Video (.mov Video Clip) | Video (.wmv Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Children's Justice Act Partnerships for Indian Communities (June 2008)
OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, FS 000314.
Since 1989, OVC's Children's Justice Act grant program has provided funds and technical assistance to help AI/AN communities to better handle serious child abuse cases from disclosure and investigation through prosecution and case resolution. This fact sheet discusses activities funded through CJA, eligibility, and supportive training and technical assistance for grantees.
HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
A Guide to the Role of Crime Victims in Mental Health Courts (June 2008)
OVC-Sponsored, 60 pages, NCJ 223344.
This guide, intended primarily for stakeholders involved in either planning or operating mental health courts, highlights the potential role of crime victims in mental health courts, as it addresses the challenges court teams face in attempting to involve victims of crimes committed by individuals with mental illnesses.
Abstract | PDF
DNA: Critical Issues for Those Who Work With Victims (April 2007)
OVC, OVC Videos, 0 pages, NCJ 211970.
This 24-minute DVD raises awareness for victim advocates, criminal justice practitioners, and others who work with crime victims about the issues involved for those whose cases involve DNA evidence. The video highlights issues such as collection and preservation of evidence, the crime's impact on the victim, victim notification at points along the process, and victim involvement and participation in the process.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Video (WMV Video Clip) | Video (QuickTime Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Providing Services to Victims Viewing a Trial at Multiple Locations (September 2006)
OVC, 20 pages, NCJ 212293.
To help victims and survivors of mass violence and terrorism, some courts have ordered the closed-circuit transmission of trial proceedings to multiple locations so that victims may more easily participate in the trial process. This e-pub presents a protocol for providing standardized quality services in a safe haven environment to victims during the trial, sentencing, and other court proceedings of those involved in crimes of mass violence and terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
Elder Abuse Fatality Review Teams: A Replication Manual (June 2005)
OVC-Sponsored, 201 pages, NCJ 210901.
Developed by the American Bar Association and funded by OVC, this publication provides guidance to communities interested in establishing similar teams. Elder abuse fatality review teams review deaths caused by or related to elder abuse and can improve the response of community agencies to elder abuse victims. This document is available electronically from ABA's Commission on Law and Aging (http://www.americanbar.org/groups/law_aging.html).
Abstract | PDF
Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice System Response to Child Victims and Witnesses (June 1999)
OVC, OVC Others, 32 pages, NCJ 176983.
This monograph describes the best practices and programs that focus on the most effective response to child victims and child witnesses by all those who work in our criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
Part Of the OVC Others Series
Children Exposed to Violence: Criminal Justice Resources (1999)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Others, 12 pages, NCJ 176984.
This bulletin is a companion piece to the OVC monograph "Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice Response to Child Victims and Witnesses". It provides information about the resources, tools, and services available to improve our individual and collective response to children who face crime and violence in their lives.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
Part Of the OVC Others Series
Improving Tribal/Federal Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse Cases Through Agency Cooperation (1998)
OVC, Bulletin, 7 pages, NCJ 172877.
This bulletin encourages close cooperation between tribal and federal law enforcement agencies to ensure effective investigation and prosecution of child abuse cases. Employing multiagency protocols and teams, for instance, helps address the jurisdictional overlap and confusion in oversight that often leads to multiple investigations and child interviews, which result in unnecessary victim trauma.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
I'm Going to Federal Court with Mark & Julie (For Children Ten Years and Up) (1997)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 157156.
This activity book includes pages to color, games, puzzles, and information to teach child witnesses about the court experience they will face.
Abstract | PDF
Learning All About Court With "BJ": An Activity Book for Children Going To Federal or Tribal Court (1996)
OVC, 40 pages, NCJ 167252.
This activity book contains games, puzzles, and information designed to instruct children on the jobs performed by tribal and federal court personnel.
Abstract | PDF
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Improving Human Trafficking Victim Identification-Validation and Dissemination of a Screening Tool (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 455 pages, NCJ 246712.
This guide provides users with recommendations on how to build trust with potential victims, maintain confidentiality, and use the tool correctly. When properly used, the tool could give victim service providers, law enforcement and legal, healthcare, and social service providers with a standard means of identifying victims of human trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Screening for Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT) (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 37 pages, NCJ 246713.
This tool is designed for victim service providers and other providers to assist in identifying victims of human trafficking. Developed over the last seven years by the Vera Institute of Justice in collaboration with 11 victim service organizations in California, Colorado, New York, Texas and Washington, this NIJ-funded tool has been validated with a diverse sample of potential victims of trafficking and found reliable in predicting labor and sex trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
OJP 2014 Program Plan: Resources for the Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice Field (May 2014)
OJP, Electronic Document, 0 pages, NCJ 246682.
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Program Plan is a searchable online document of funding opportunities and new initiatives. It features the latest and most complete information regarding grant opportunities OJP intends to fund in the coming months, divided into 10 thematically organized sections.
Abstract | HTML
No More Rights Without Remedies: An Impact Evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute's Victims' Rights Clinics, Final Technical Report (2012)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 125 pages, NCJ 241752.
This grant report evaluates the National Crime Victim Law Institute's (NCVLI) victims' rights clinics. The clinics were designed to increase awareness of victims' rights among criminal justice professionals and to respond to violations of rights through legal advocacy. The current report examines the clinics' impact on the expansion of rights for victims, on court officials' attitudes toward victims' rights, on the extent to which victims' rights are honored in the criminal disposition process, and on the treatment of victims' rights in the print media. It also includes a discussion of sustainability of the clinics.
Abstract | PDF
Adolescent Sexual Assault Victims' Experiences with SANE-SARTs and the Criminal Justice System (May 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 164 pages, NCJ 234466.
The purpose of this project was to examine adolescent sexual assault survivors' help-seeking experiences with the legal and medical systems in two Midwestern communities that have different models of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) / Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) interventions.
Abstract | PDF
Toward a Better Way to Interview Child Victims of Sexual Abuse (March 2011)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 233282.
This article discusses a study examining the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol of child victims of sexual abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Victim Participation in Intimate Partner Violence Prosecution: Implications for Safety (February 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, 153 pages, NCJ 235284.
This study examined to what extent female intimate partner violence (IPV) victim participation in prosecution is associated with their future safety. In essence, are IPV victims who participate in prosecution safer than those who do not?
Abstract | PDF
The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (January 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 123 pages, NCJ 233290.
This final evaluation report on the implementation of the Greenbook Initiative (GI) - which consists of guidelines proposed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges for intervening effectively in cases of domestic violence and child maltreatment - assesses the extent to which GI implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within-system change and practice in child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic-violence service providers.
Abstract | PDF
National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction: A Report to Congress (August 2010)
DOJ, Report, 280 pages, NCJ 231333.
This National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction is designed to prevent child sexual exploitation from occurring so as to protect children from sexual abuse, trauma, and exploitation.
Abstract | PDF
Elder Abuse Emerges From the Shadows of Public Consciousness (April 2010)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 229883.
This article reports on two studies sponsored by the National Institute of Justice that examined the prevalence of elder abuse and its detection through the forensic examination of the difference between accidental and inflicted bruising. The article concludes with descriptions of elder abuse cases in which prosecutors and victim-witness advocates have cooperated in gaining convictions of perpetrators of elder abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts (December 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 161 pages, NCJ 229659.
In providing a comprehensive national profile of domestic violence courts (DVCs), this study explored how criminal DVCs have evolved, their rationale, and how their operations vary across the United States.
Abstract | PDF
Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties (October 2009)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 12 pages, NCJ 228193.
Examines the characteristics and processing of 3,750 cases of intimate partner violence, filed in the state courts of 16 large urban counties in May 2002. Topics covered include the types of charges filed against defendants, incident-specific information such as victim injury, defendant weapon use, evidence obtained, adjudication outcomes, and sentences imposed on convicted defendants.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
Finally Getting Victims Their Due: A Process Evaluation of the NCVLI Victims' Rights Clinics (August 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 298 pages, NCJ 228389.
This report describes a process evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI) State and Federal victims' rights clinics, which were established to promote awareness, education, and enforcement of crime victims' rights in the criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF
Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research: For Law Enforcement, Prosecutors and Judges (June 2009)
NIJ, Report, NIJ Research Report, 106 pages, NCJ 225722.
This report describes for practitioners what the research tells us about domestic violence, including its perpetrators and victims, the impact of current responses to it and, more particularly, the implications of that research for day-to-day, real-world responses to domestic violence by law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Research Report Series
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Technical Guide (April 2009)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 310 pages, NCJ 223570.
This toolkit provides practical and comprehensive guidance in measuring court performance in child abuse and neglect cases, measuring the effects of activities performed and determining what works and what does not work.
Abstract | PDF 7 MB
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Technical Guide (April 2009)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 310 pages, NCJ 223570.
This toolkit provides practical and comprehensive guidance in measuring court performance in child abuse and neglect cases, measuring the effects of activities performed and determining what works and what does not work.
Abstract | PDF 7 MB
Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact (January 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 201 pages, NCJ 226497.
This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and if so, which "critical ingredients" of the SANE program contributed to the improvements in sexual assault case-processing.
Abstract | PDF (Final Report) | PDF (Project Summary) | PDF (Tool Kit)
Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact: Project Summary (January 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 25 pages, NCJ 226498.
This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and if so, which "critical ingredients" of the SANE program contributed to the improvements in sexual assault case-processing.
Abstract | PDF (Project Summary) | PDF (Final Report) | PDF (Tool Kit)
Finding Victims of Human Trafficking (September 2008)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 93 pages, NCJ 224393.
This study responds to a Congressional mandate and examines human trafficking experiences among a random sample of 60 counties across the United States.
Abstract | PDF
Evaluation of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration: Findings and Lessons on Implementation (June 2008)
NIJ, Report, NIJ Research Report, 21 pages, NCJ 219077.
This report discusses the Judicial Oversight Demonstration Initiative, an effort to improve the provision of services to victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), increase victim safety, and hold offenders more accountable. The report reveals some of the findings of an evaluation of the initiative, and presents lessons learned about implementing court-involved IPV prevention programs.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the NIJ Research Report Series
Do Best Practice Interviews with Child Abuse Victims Influence Case Processing? (2008)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 123 pages, NCJ 224524.
This study examined the effects of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's (NICHD's) protocol for interviewing suspected child victims of abuse on case outcomes.
Abstract | PDF
Pretrial Innovations for Domestic Violence Offenders and Victims: Lessons From the Judicial Oversight Demonstration Initiative (August 2007)
NIJ, 15 pages, NCJ 216041.
This report discusses how pretrial innovations for domestic violence cases were implemented in three demonstration sites as part of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration project. The goal is to increase victim safety while holding offenders accountable. The report describes the pretrial strategies used, key aspects of their implementation, and lessons learned for other jurisdictions wishing to try similar innovations.
Abstract | PDF
Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse (May 2007)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, LT000527.
Presents an overview of the 13 titles currently in OJJDP's Portable Guides Series, which provides practical information on investigating child abuse and neglect. Designed primarily for quick, on-the-job reference by police officers and detectives, the guides are also useful for social workers, physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, firefighters, psychologists, attorneys, judges-anyone on the frontlines of reporting, investigating, and prosecuting crimes against children. Visit www.ncjrs.gov for information on obtaining these products.
PDF 141 KB
Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse (May 2007)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, LT000527.
Presents an overview of the 13 titles currently in OJJDP's Portable Guides Series, which provides practical information on investigating child abuse and neglect. Designed primarily for quick, on-the-job reference by police officers and detectives, the guides are also useful for social workers, physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, firefighters, psychologists, attorneys, judges-anyone on the frontlines of reporting, investigating, and prosecuting crimes against children. Visit www.ncjrs.gov for information on obtaining these products.
PDF 141 KB
Final Report on the Evaluation of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration: Executive Summary (2007)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 27 pages, NCJ 219386.
This paper presents a summation of the federally supported Judicial Oversight Demonstration (JOD) evaluation with findings from all three JOD sites (Wisconsin, Michigan, and Massachusetts). Highlights of key findings on the impact of the JOD are presented from three primary outcomes: victim well-being, offender accountability, and perceptions and revictimization.
Abstract | PDF
Serving Limited English Proficient (LEP) Battered Women: A National Survey of the Courts' Capacity to Provide Protection Orders (June 2006)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 209 pages, NCJ 216072.
This federally supported study explored the capacity of Limited English Proficient (LEP) petitioners, specifically battered women to receive orders of protection.
Abstract | PDF
Civil Trial Cases and Verdicts in Large Counties, 2001 (April 2004)
BJS, BJS Bulletins, 12 pages, NCJ 202803.
This bulletin examines general civil cases disposed of by bench or jury trial in the Nation's 75 most populous counties in 2001 and provides information on the type of case, types of plaintiffs and defendants, trial winners, amount of total damages awarded, amount of punitive damages awarded, and case processing time.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Bulletins Series
Batterer Programs: What Criminal Justice Agencies Need to Know (1998)
NIJ, NIJ Research in Action, 12 pages, NCJ 171683.
This NIJ Report provides judges and probation officers with basic information about batterer treatment program goals and methods. It summarizes the range of programming available (from "mainstream" to innovative approaches) throughout the country.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Civil Protection Orders: Victims' Views on Effectiveness (1997)
NIJ, NIJ Research Preview, FS 000191.
This NIJ Preview concludes that victims' views on the effectiveness of protection orders vary with how accessible the courts are for victims and how well established the links are between public and private services and support resources for victims.
PDF | TEXT
Part Of the NIJ Research Preview Series
Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases (1995)
OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 170 pages, NCJ 156842.
These guidelines aim to set forth the essential elements of properly conducted family court proceedings in cases involved child abuse and neglect by describing family court functions, outlining the efficient maintenance of court calendars, explaining court staffing and organizational issues, and clarifying associated costs with these procedures.
Abstract | PDF
 Sort By Title   Date
 
Improving Human Trafficking Victim Identification-Validation and Dissemination of a Screening Tool (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 455 pages, NCJ 246712.
This guide provides users with recommendations on how to build trust with potential victims, maintain confidentiality, and use the tool correctly. When properly used, the tool could give victim service providers, law enforcement and legal, healthcare, and social service providers with a standard means of identifying victims of human trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
Screening for Human Trafficking: Guidelines for Administering the Trafficking Victim Identification Tool (TVIT) (June 2014)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 37 pages, NCJ 246713.
This tool is designed for victim service providers and other providers to assist in identifying victims of human trafficking. Developed over the last seven years by the Vera Institute of Justice in collaboration with 11 victim service organizations in California, Colorado, New York, Texas and Washington, this NIJ-funded tool has been validated with a diverse sample of potential victims of trafficking and found reliable in predicting labor and sex trafficking.
Abstract | PDF
OJP 2014 Program Plan: Resources for the Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice Field (May 2014)
OJP, Electronic Document, 0 pages, NCJ 246682.
The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) Program Plan is a searchable online document of funding opportunities and new initiatives. It features the latest and most complete information regarding grant opportunities OJP intends to fund in the coming months, divided into 10 thematically organized sections.
Abstract | HTML
Office for Victims of Crime Training and Technical Assistance Center Fact Sheet (April 2014)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Fact Sheets, FS000397.
This Fact Sheet describes the services and trainings available through the OVC Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC) and how these resources can be accessed.
PDF
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services Final Report (May 2013)
OVC, Report, 63 pages, NCJ 239957.
The Vision 21: Transforming Victim Services initiative was launched by OVC in fall 2010 to expand the vision and impact of the crime victim assistance field. This Final Report provides a set of findings and broad recommendations, informed by stakeholder forums and literature reviews, that form a framework for strategic, transformative change. The Final Report outlines ways the field can overcome the obstacles it faces and change how it meets victims' needs and addresses those who perpetrate crime.
Abstract | PDF (Full Report) | PDF (Summary & Recommendations) | PDF (At a Glance Fact Sheet)
Using Federal Law To Prosecute Domestic Violence Crimes in Indian Country Guide/DVD (October 2012)
OVC, OVC Videos, 40 pages, NCJ 238639.
This DVD and companion facilitator's guide provide guidance on how to successfully prosecute in federal court domestic violence offenders who commit crimes in Indian Country. The video incorporates case studies of actual prosecutions, while the guide provides an overview of relevant legal principles and key points for discussion. The materials also discuss circumstances common in tribal domestic violence prosecutions, such as offender recidivism, recanting victims, safety planning, and federal and tribal criminal justice and social service professionals working collaboratively to ensure victims' safety and community justice.
Abstract | PDF (Facilitator's Guide) | HTML | Video (WMV Video Clip) | Video (QuickTime Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Attorney General Guidelines for Victim and Witness Assistance 2011 Edition (Revised May 2012) (May 2012)
OVC, 66 pages, NCJ 235121.
These guidelines establish policy and provide guidance to be followed by U.S. Department of Justice personnel in their interactions with crime victims and witnesses. Effective October 1, 2011, these guidelines clarified DOJ's responsibilities to provide mandated rights and services enumerated in the Crime Victims’ Rights Act (CVRA) and the Victims' Rights and Restitution Act (VRRA) as well as other statutory requirements. Furthermore, the guidelines examine the unique requirements of vulnerable victims, including a recent update in May 2012 that addresses the scope of the federal child abuse reporting requirement under section 13031 of the Victims of Child Abuse Act of 1990, 42 U.S.C. § 13031.
Abstract | PDF
No More Rights Without Remedies: An Impact Evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute's Victims' Rights Clinics, Final Technical Report (2012)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 125 pages, NCJ 241752.
This grant report evaluates the National Crime Victim Law Institute's (NCVLI) victims' rights clinics. The clinics were designed to increase awareness of victims' rights among criminal justice professionals and to respond to violations of rights through legal advocacy. The current report examines the clinics' impact on the expansion of rights for victims, on court officials' attitudes toward victims' rights, on the extent to which victims' rights are honored in the criminal disposition process, and on the treatment of victims' rights in the print media. It also includes a discussion of sustainability of the clinics.
Abstract | PDF
Adolescent Sexual Assault Victims' Experiences with SANE-SARTs and the Criminal Justice System (May 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 164 pages, NCJ 234466.
The purpose of this project was to examine adolescent sexual assault survivors' help-seeking experiences with the legal and medical systems in two Midwestern communities that have different models of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) / Sexual Assault Response Team (SART) interventions.
Abstract | PDF
Toward a Better Way to Interview Child Victims of Sexual Abuse (March 2011)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 233282.
This article discusses a study examining the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol of child victims of sexual abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
Victim Participation in Intimate Partner Violence Prosecution: Implications for Safety (February 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, 153 pages, NCJ 235284.
This study examined to what extent female intimate partner violence (IPV) victim participation in prosecution is associated with their future safety. In essence, are IPV victims who participate in prosecution safer than those who do not?
Abstract | PDF
The Greenbook Initiative Final Evaluation Report (January 2011)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 123 pages, NCJ 233290.
This final evaluation report on the implementation of the Greenbook Initiative (GI) - which consists of guidelines proposed by the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges for intervening effectively in cases of domestic violence and child maltreatment - assesses the extent to which GI implementation activities facilitated cross-system and within-system change and practice in child welfare agencies, dependency courts, and domestic-violence service providers.
Abstract | PDF
Making Restitution Real: Five Case Studies on Improving Restitution Collection (2011)
OVC-Sponsored, 140 pages, NCJ 234310.
Prepared by National Center for Victims of Crime with the support from OVC, this report provides five real-world case studies which detail efforts to improve the collection of victim restitution. This resource can be used by other jurisdictions to review and improve the policies and programs for collecting restitution.
Abstract | PDF
Consumer Rights Screening Tool for Domestic Violence Advocates and Lawyers (2011)
OVC-Sponsored, Bulletin, 20 pages, NCJ 236432.
Professionals who serve domestic violence survivors must understand the consumer law problems survivors face. This screening tool provides an overview of consumer issues survivors face and discusses how to identify these issues in the course of one's client work.
Abstract | PDF
National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction: A Report to Congress (August 2010)
DOJ, Report, 280 pages, NCJ 231333.
This National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction is designed to prevent child sexual exploitation from occurring so as to protect children from sexual abuse, trauma, and exploitation.
Abstract | PDF
Responding to Elder Abuse: What Judges and Court Personnel Should Know (DVD) (August 2010)
OVC, OVC Videos, 0 pages, NCJ 223415.
This 14-minute video (NCJ 223415) is one of a series of three DVDs on elder abuse created for specific audiences. The video highlights critical issues for judges and court personnel to consider when they encounter abused, neglected, and exploited older persons participating in the judicial system. The video illustrates what judges may face in these situations, offers recommendations focused on the special needs of older abuse victims, and highlights examples of successful court-based elder abuse initiatives.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Video (.mov Video Clip) | Video (.wmv Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Elder Abuse Emerges From the Shadows of Public Consciousness (April 2010)
NIJ, Article, NIJ Journal, 4 pages, NCJ 229883.
This article reports on two studies sponsored by the National Institute of Justice that examined the prevalence of elder abuse and its detection through the forensic examination of the difference between accidental and inflicted bruising. The article concludes with descriptions of elder abuse cases in which prosecutors and victim-witness advocates have cooperated in gaining convictions of perpetrators of elder abuse.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Journal Series
A National Portrait of Domestic Violence Courts (December 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 161 pages, NCJ 229659.
In providing a comprehensive national profile of domestic violence courts (DVCs), this study explored how criminal DVCs have evolved, their rationale, and how their operations vary across the United States.
Abstract | PDF
Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties (October 2009)
BJS, Report, BJS Special Reports, 12 pages, NCJ 228193.
Examines the characteristics and processing of 3,750 cases of intimate partner violence, filed in the state courts of 16 large urban counties in May 2002. Topics covered include the types of charges filed against defendants, incident-specific information such as victim injury, defendant weapon use, evidence obtained, adjudication outcomes, and sentences imposed on convicted defendants.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Special Reports Series
Finally Getting Victims Their Due: A Process Evaluation of the NCVLI Victims' Rights Clinics (August 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 298 pages, NCJ 228389.
This report describes a process evaluation of the National Crime Victim Law Institute (NCVLI) State and Federal victims' rights clinics, which were established to promote awareness, education, and enforcement of crime victims' rights in the criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF
Practical Implications of Current Domestic Violence Research: For Law Enforcement, Prosecutors and Judges (June 2009)
NIJ, Report, NIJ Research Report, 106 pages, NCJ 225722.
This report describes for practitioners what the research tells us about domestic violence, including its perpetrators and victims, the impact of current responses to it and, more particularly, the implications of that research for day-to-day, real-world responses to domestic violence by law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges.
Abstract | PDF | HTML
Part Of the NIJ Research Report Series
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Technical Guide (April 2009)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 310 pages, NCJ 223570.
This toolkit provides practical and comprehensive guidance in measuring court performance in child abuse and neglect cases, measuring the effects of activities performed and determining what works and what does not work.
Abstract | PDF 7 MB
Court Performance Measures in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases: Technical Guide (April 2009)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 310 pages, NCJ 223570.
This toolkit provides practical and comprehensive guidance in measuring court performance in child abuse and neglect cases, measuring the effects of activities performed and determining what works and what does not work.
Abstract | PDF 7 MB
Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact (January 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 201 pages, NCJ 226497.
This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and if so, which "critical ingredients" of the SANE program contributed to the improvements in sexual assault case-processing.
Abstract | PDF (Final Report) | PDF (Project Summary) | PDF (Tool Kit)
Systems Change Analysis of SANE Programs: Identifying the Mediating Mechanisms of Criminal Justice System Impact: Project Summary (January 2009)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 25 pages, NCJ 226498.
This project determined whether adult sexual assault cases in a Midwestern community were more likely to be investigated and prosecuted after the implementation of a Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program, and if so, which "critical ingredients" of the SANE program contributed to the improvements in sexual assault case-processing.
Abstract | PDF (Project Summary) | PDF (Final Report) | PDF (Tool Kit)
Finding Victims of Human Trafficking (September 2008)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 93 pages, NCJ 224393.
This study responds to a Congressional mandate and examines human trafficking experiences among a random sample of 60 counties across the United States.
Abstract | PDF
A Guide to the Role of Crime Victims in Mental Health Courts (June 2008)
OVC-Sponsored, 60 pages, NCJ 223344.
This guide, intended primarily for stakeholders involved in either planning or operating mental health courts, highlights the potential role of crime victims in mental health courts, as it addresses the challenges court teams face in attempting to involve victims of crimes committed by individuals with mental illnesses.
Abstract | PDF
Evaluation of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration: Findings and Lessons on Implementation (June 2008)
NIJ, Report, NIJ Research Report, 21 pages, NCJ 219077.
This report discusses the Judicial Oversight Demonstration Initiative, an effort to improve the provision of services to victims of intimate partner violence (IPV), increase victim safety, and hold offenders more accountable. The report reveals some of the findings of an evaluation of the initiative, and presents lessons learned about implementing court-involved IPV prevention programs.
Abstract | PDF
Part Of the NIJ Research Report Series
Children's Justice Act Partnerships for Indian Communities (June 2008)
OVC, OVC Fact Sheets, FS 000314.
Since 1989, OVC's Children's Justice Act grant program has provided funds and technical assistance to help AI/AN communities to better handle serious child abuse cases from disclosure and investigation through prosecution and case resolution. This fact sheet discusses activities funded through CJA, eligibility, and supportive training and technical assistance for grantees.
HTML
Part Of the OVC Fact Sheets Series
Do Best Practice Interviews with Child Abuse Victims Influence Case Processing? (2008)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 123 pages, NCJ 224524.
This study examined the effects of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's (NICHD's) protocol for interviewing suspected child victims of abuse on case outcomes.
Abstract | PDF
Pretrial Innovations for Domestic Violence Offenders and Victims: Lessons From the Judicial Oversight Demonstration Initiative (August 2007)
NIJ, 15 pages, NCJ 216041.
This report discusses how pretrial innovations for domestic violence cases were implemented in three demonstration sites as part of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration project. The goal is to increase victim safety while holding offenders accountable. The report describes the pretrial strategies used, key aspects of their implementation, and lessons learned for other jurisdictions wishing to try similar innovations.
Abstract | PDF
Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse (May 2007)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, LT000527.
Presents an overview of the 13 titles currently in OJJDP's Portable Guides Series, which provides practical information on investigating child abuse and neglect. Designed primarily for quick, on-the-job reference by police officers and detectives, the guides are also useful for social workers, physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, firefighters, psychologists, attorneys, judges-anyone on the frontlines of reporting, investigating, and prosecuting crimes against children. Visit www.ncjrs.gov for information on obtaining these products.
PDF 141 KB
Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse (May 2007)
OJJDP, OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, OJJDP Portable Guides to Investigating Child Abuse, LT000527.
Presents an overview of the 13 titles currently in OJJDP's Portable Guides Series, which provides practical information on investigating child abuse and neglect. Designed primarily for quick, on-the-job reference by police officers and detectives, the guides are also useful for social workers, physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, firefighters, psychologists, attorneys, judges-anyone on the frontlines of reporting, investigating, and prosecuting crimes against children. Visit www.ncjrs.gov for information on obtaining these products.
PDF 141 KB
DNA: Critical Issues for Those Who Work With Victims (April 2007)
OVC, OVC Videos, 0 pages, NCJ 211970.
This 24-minute DVD raises awareness for victim advocates, criminal justice practitioners, and others who work with crime victims about the issues involved for those whose cases involve DNA evidence. The video highlights issues such as collection and preservation of evidence, the crime's impact on the victim, victim notification at points along the process, and victim involvement and participation in the process.
Abstract | HTML (Transcript) | Video (WMV Video Clip) | Video (QuickTime Video Clip)
Part Of the OVC Videos Series
Final Report on the Evaluation of the Judicial Oversight Demonstration: Executive Summary (2007)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 27 pages, NCJ 219386.
This paper presents a summation of the federally supported Judicial Oversight Demonstration (JOD) evaluation with findings from all three JOD sites (Wisconsin, Michigan, and Massachusetts). Highlights of key findings on the impact of the JOD are presented from three primary outcomes: victim well-being, offender accountability, and perceptions and revictimization.
Abstract | PDF
Providing Services to Victims Viewing a Trial at Multiple Locations (September 2006)
OVC, 20 pages, NCJ 212293.
To help victims and survivors of mass violence and terrorism, some courts have ordered the closed-circuit transmission of trial proceedings to multiple locations so that victims may more easily participate in the trial process. This e-pub presents a protocol for providing standardized quality services in a safe haven environment to victims during the trial, sentencing, and other court proceedings of those involved in crimes of mass violence and terrorism.
Abstract | HTML
Serving Limited English Proficient (LEP) Battered Women: A National Survey of the Courts' Capacity to Provide Protection Orders (June 2006)
NIJ-Sponsored, Grant, 209 pages, NCJ 216072.
This federally supported study explored the capacity of Limited English Proficient (LEP) petitioners, specifically battered women to receive orders of protection.
Abstract | PDF
Elder Abuse Fatality Review Teams: A Replication Manual (June 2005)
OVC-Sponsored, 201 pages, NCJ 210901.
Developed by the American Bar Association and funded by OVC, this publication provides guidance to communities interested in establishing similar teams. Elder abuse fatality review teams review deaths caused by or related to elder abuse and can improve the response of community agencies to elder abuse victims. This document is available electronically from ABA's Commission on Law and Aging (http://www.americanbar.org/groups/law_aging.html).
Abstract | PDF
Civil Trial Cases and Verdicts in Large Counties, 2001 (April 2004)
BJS, BJS Bulletins, 12 pages, NCJ 202803.
This bulletin examines general civil cases disposed of by bench or jury trial in the Nation's 75 most populous counties in 2001 and provides information on the type of case, types of plaintiffs and defendants, trial winners, amount of total damages awarded, amount of punitive damages awarded, and case processing time.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
Part Of the BJS Bulletins Series
Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice System Response to Child Victims and Witnesses (June 1999)
OVC, OVC Others, 32 pages, NCJ 176983.
This monograph describes the best practices and programs that focus on the most effective response to child victims and child witnesses by all those who work in our criminal justice system.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
Part Of the OVC Others Series
Children Exposed to Violence: Criminal Justice Resources (1999)
OVC, Fact Sheet, OVC Others, 12 pages, NCJ 176984.
This bulletin is a companion piece to the OVC monograph "Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice Response to Child Victims and Witnesses". It provides information about the resources, tools, and services available to improve our individual and collective response to children who face crime and violence in their lives.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
Part Of the OVC Others Series
Improving Tribal/Federal Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse Cases Through Agency Cooperation (1998)
OVC, Bulletin, 7 pages, NCJ 172877.
This bulletin encourages close cooperation between tribal and federal law enforcement agencies to ensure effective investigation and prosecution of child abuse cases. Employing multiagency protocols and teams, for instance, helps address the jurisdictional overlap and confusion in oversight that often leads to multiple investigations and child interviews, which result in unnecessary victim trauma.
Abstract | PDF | HTML | TEXT
Batterer Programs: What Criminal Justice Agencies Need to Know (1998)
NIJ, NIJ Research in Action, 12 pages, NCJ 171683.
This NIJ Report provides judges and probation officers with basic information about batterer treatment program goals and methods. It summarizes the range of programming available (from "mainstream" to innovative approaches) throughout the country.
Abstract | PDF | TEXT
I'm Going to Federal Court with Mark & Julie (For Children Ten Years and Up) (1997)
OVC, 0 pages, NCJ 157156.
This activity book includes pages to color, games, puzzles, and information to teach child witnesses about the court experience they will face.
Abstract | PDF
Civil Protection Orders: Victims' Views on Effectiveness (1997)
NIJ, NIJ Research Preview, FS 000191.
This NIJ Preview concludes that victims' views on the effectiveness of protection orders vary with how accessible the courts are for victims and how well established the links are between public and private services and support resources for victims.
PDF | TEXT
Part Of the NIJ Research Preview Series
Learning All About Court With "BJ": An Activity Book for Children Going To Federal or Tribal Court (1996)
OVC, 40 pages, NCJ 167252.
This activity book contains games, puzzles, and information designed to instruct children on the jobs performed by tribal and federal court personnel.
Abstract | PDF
Resource Guidelines: Improving Court Practice in Child Abuse and Neglect Cases (1995)
OJJDP-Sponsored, Grant, 170 pages, NCJ 156842.
These guidelines aim to set forth the essential elements of properly conducted family court proceedings in cases involved child abuse and neglect by describing family court functions, outlining the efficient maintenance of court calendars, explaining court staffing and organizational issues, and clarifying associated costs with these procedures.
Abstract | PDF
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